|Name of the NGO||Purpose|
|BRAC||BRAC is an international development organisation based in Bangladesh
It is the largest NGO in the world, in terms of number of employees as of September 2016.
Established by Sir Fazle Hasan Abed in 1972 after the independence of Bangladesh, BRAC is present in all 64 districts of Bangladesh as well as 13 other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
BRAC employs over 100,000 people, roughly 70% of whom are women, reaching more than 126 million people.
The organisation is 70–80% self-funded through a number of social enterprises that include a dairy and food project, a chain of retail handicraft stores called Aarong, seed and Agro, and chicken.
|Doctors Without Borders
|Doctors Without Borders delivers medical help to populations endangered by war, civil strife, epidemics or natural disasters.
Each year over 2,000 volunteer doctors representing 45 nationalities work worldwide in front-line hospitals, refugee camps, disaster sites, towns and villages providing primary health care, performing surgery, vaccinating children, operating emergency nutrition and sanitation programs and training local medical staff.
|Skoll Foundation||Jeff Skoll created the Skoll Foundation in 1999 to pursue his vision of a sustainable world of peace and prosperity.
Mission is to drive truly transformative change—equilibrium change—by supporting the social entrepreneurs who recognize the systems in need of change
By identifying the people and programs already bringing positive change around the world, they empower them to extend their reach, deepen their impact, and fundamentally improve society on a local to global scale.
Since 1999, the Skoll Foundation has led the charge for social entrepreneurship, buoyed by the knowledge that social entrepreneurs are the world’s best bet for solving some of world’s thorniest problems.
|Danish Refugee Council||It is a private Danish humanitarian organisation, founded in 1956.
It serves as an umbrella organization for 33 member organizations.
Formed after the Second World War, and in response to the European refugee crises caused by the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956.
DRC has been active in large scale humanitarian projects around the world.
Works in humanitarian programmes in conflict zones such as Somalia in the Horn of Africa, Afghanistan in Central Asia, Iraq in the Middle East and Chechnya in the Caucasus.
More than 500,000 persons receive emergency relief from DRC each month in the region.
The situation in and around Syria is the largest humanitarian crisis the world is facing and 30% of the population have left their homes as a consequence of the violence.
In Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey and Iraq, DRC distributes relief aid as mattresses, clothes, blankets and hygiene kits – and rehabilitates shelters.
Inside Syria, DRC helps displaces and conflicted affected Syrians in Homs, Dara’a, Aleppo and Damascus.
|Ashoka||Ashoka is an international organization that promotes social entrepreneurship by affiliating individual social entrepreneurs into the Ashoka organization.
The organization was named after Emperor Ashoka, the ruler of the Maurya Empire during the 3rd century BC.
Emperor Ashoka recognized the suffering that he had caused by unifying his empire, and he promoted religious and philosophical tolerance and the paramount importance of morality when working for the public.
|Mercy Corps||It is a global humanitarian aid agency engaged in transitional environments that have experienced some sort of shock: natural disaster, economic collapse, or conflict.
The organization was founded in 1979 as Save the Refugees Fund, a task force organized by Dan O’Neill
It was formed in response to the plight of Cambodian refugees fleeing the famine, war and genocide of the Killing Fields.
|Oxfam||Oxfam is a development and relief agency working to end poverty.|
|Handicap International||Handicap International is an independent and impartial aid and development organization.
It is working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and natural disaster.
It works alongside people with disabilities and vulnerable populations, taking action and bearing witness in order to respond to their essential needs, improve their living conditions and promote respect for their dignity and fundamental rights.
|Landesa||Landesa champions and works to secure land rights for millions of the world’s poorest women and men to provide opportunity and promote social justice.|
|Acumen||Acumen is a non-profit global venture fund that uses entrepreneurial approaches to solve the problems of poverty.
Its aim is to help build financially sustainable organizations that deliver affordable goods and services that improve the lives of the poor.
Acumen is an organization headquartered in New York City, with regional offices in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Ghana.
|Save the Children||Save the Children is an international non-governmental organization that promotes children’s rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries.
It was established in UK in 1919 in order to improve the lives of children through better education, health care, and economic opportunities, as well as providing emergency aid in natural disasters, war, and other conflicts.
In addition to the UK organisation, there are 29 other national Save the Children organisations who are members of the Save the Children Alliance.
The organization promotes policy changes in order to gain more rights for young people especially by enforcing the UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
Alliance members coordinate emergency-relief efforts, helping to protect children from the effects of war and violence.
Save the Children has general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
|CURE violence||Cure Violence envisions a world without violence.
Their mission is to reduce violence globally using disease control and behavior change methods.
Cure Violence is a unique, interdisciplinary, health approach to violence prevention.
They maintain that the problem of violence is solvable, like other epidemics, when we understand that violence behaves like an infectious disease and treat violence using health disease control methods.
Their approach to stopping shootings, killings and other lethal events includes detecting and interrupting the “transmission” of these potentially violent events; identifying and changing the infectivity (i.e., the thinking and behavior) of the highest potential transmitters (i.e., those most highly involved in violence); and changing community, city and region-wide norms and social expectations so that violence is no longer used in response to differing or conflicting views or interests.
|Barefoot College||It is headquartered in Rajasthan, India.
Aims that the rural poor is able to acquire and share practical knowledge in non-literate formats and in situations that are accessible to them and their life logistics, demystifying technology and putting it in the hands of villagers themselves.
These communities are empowered to implement practices that create greater economic and social equity and enhance environmental sustainability.
Rural women have the confidence to challenge patriarchy and discriminating gender roles, building more equitable societies and engaging more fully towards a 50/50 gender equilibrium in decision making.
What the rural, impoverished, and marginalized think important is reflected and internalized in the beliefs of Barefoot College.
The Barefoot College is one of the few places in India where Mahatma Gandhi’s spirit of service and thoughts on sustainability, are still alive and respected.
|Room to Read||Room to Read is a non-profit organization for improving literacy and gender equality in education in the developing world.
Headquartered in San Francisco, California, and founded on the belief that “World Change Starts With Educated Children,” the organization focuses on working in collaboration with local communities, partner organizations and governments.
Room to Read develops literacy skills and the habit of reading among primary school children, and supports girls in completing secondary school with the relevant life skills to succeed in school and beyond.
|APOPO||APOPO’s mission is to develop detection rats technology to provide solutions for global problems and inspire positive social change.
They are a social enterprise that researches, develops and implements detection rats technology for humanitarian purposes such as Mine Action and Tuberculosis detection.
APOPO is a Belgian NGO, with headquarters in Tanzania and operations in Mozambique, Thailand, Angola and Cambodia.
APOPO’s innovative scent detection technology has a massive potential to relieve human suffering and promote development when deployed in TB and landmine response, as well as in other possible fields.
|One Acre Fund||One Acre Fund is a nonprofit organization that supplies smallholder farmers in East Africa with asset-based financing and agriculture training services to reduce hunger and poverty.
Headquartered in Bungoma, Kenya, the organization works with farmers in rural villages throughout Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Malawi.
Using a market-based approach, One Acre Fund facilitates activities and transactions at various levels of the farming value chain, including seed sourcing and market support.
In 2015, farmers who worked with One Acre Fund realized a 300% return on their investment and significantly increased farm income on every planted acre.
|Grameen Foundation||Grameen Foundation is a global, non-profit organization based in Washington DC.
It works to help poor families increase their income, build their financial security, and protect their health using innovative technology based approaches.
Its mission is, “To enable the poor, especially the poorest, to create a world without poverty.”
|Ceres||Ceres is a non-profit sustainability advocacy organization based in Boston, Massachusetts.
Founded in 1989, Ceres’ mission is to “mobilize investor and business leadership to build a thriving, sustainable global economy”.
Ceres brings together disparate stakeholders – investors, companies and public interest groups – to accelerate and expand the adoption of sustainable business practices and solutions to build a healthy global economy.
|Saúde Criança||Saúde Criança is a nonprofit social enterprise with no political or religious affiliation.
Saúde Criança has developed a pioneering methodology that improves the home environment and promotes the self-sufficiency of Brazilian families with children suffering from chronic disease and poverty.
Saúde Criança’s mission is to promote the biopsychosocial well-being of the children and their families who live below the poverty line, viewing health in an integrated way and as an instrument for social inclusion.
To address the complex problems of poverty and illness, Saúde Criança uses a multidisciplinary and integrated approach by focusing on five factors crucial for the family’s well-being: health, housing, citizenship, income and education.
Saúde Criança fights for social inclusion by promoting human development.
Saúde Criança’s work is based on a Family Action Plan (PAF), a set of actions with goals and deadlines unique to each family assisted.
The PAF is developed by a multidisciplinary team of social workers, nutritionists, psychologists, psychiatrists and lawyers, amongst others, with the collaboration of the family.
|Islamic Relief Worldwide||Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW) is an international humanitarian organisation that provides development programs and humanitarian relief around the globe, regardless of race, political affiliation, gender or belief.
Founded in 1984 in the United Kingdom, it states that it delivers its projects in over 30 countries.
It collects and recycles clothes to raise funds for IRW’s work and provides canned meat for aid purposes.
IRW is banned from the UAE and Israel due to alleged financing of terrorist organizations, an accusation that the organization denies.
The organization continues to operate in the militarily occupied Palestinian territories despite the Israeli ban.
Do let us know in comments inc ase we missed out on any. UPSC has asked questions from Doctors without borders, Amnesty international etc. in previous years’ PRELIMS.