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Though geographically disparate, each of these states seek permanent membership on the United Nations Security Council and have the economic and political heft to make its bid not entirely unrealistic.
According to the IMF, all countries in the current “P5” members of the Security Council and the G4 currently rank among the 10 economies with the highest nominal GDP in the world, both regarding the calculation of GDP by Purchasing Power Parity, and nominal GDP, with Italy being the only non P5 or G4 member among them.
They also account for 9 of the world’s ten largest defense budgets, with Saudi Arabia being the only non P5 or G4 member among them. In both scenarios, the P5 and G4 countries combined account for over 60% of the world’s GDP, and around half of the world’s total population.