Mains Paper2 | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Mains level: The news card discusses the 3 stage path China has drawn for Myanmar and Bangladesh to resolve Rohingya Crisis.
China has proposed a three-phase plan for resolving the Rohingya crisis, starting with a ceasefire in Myanmar’s Rakhine State so that refugees can return from Bangladesh, China’s Foreign Ministry said ahead of meeting of European and Asian officials in Myanmar.
- The refugee crisis erupted after the military launched a brutal counter-insurgency operations against the militants after attacks on an army base and dozens of police security posts in Rakhine on Aug. 25.
- Consequently, more than 600,000 Muslim Rohingya fled to Bangladesh .
- Myanmar’s military has said that all fighting against the Rohingya Islamist militants died out on Sept.5, but it remains on guard against incursions by fighters who had fled to Bangladesh with the refugees.
- The group behind those attacks, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), had declared a one-month ceasefire on Sept.10, which was rejected by the government. But there have been no serious clashes since.
- The refugees’ suffering has caused an international outcry.
Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)
- The foreign ministers Asia-Europe Meeting, or ASEM, opening in the Myanmar is an important multilateral diplomatic gathering which happens once every two years and is designed to discuss issues between Asia and Europe.
China’s 3 stage solution for Refugee crisis in Myanmar
- The first stage is to effect a ceasefire on the ground, to return to stability and order, so the people can enjoy peace and no longer be forced to flee.
- According to Chinese official the first phase’s aim has already basically been achieved, and the key is to prevent a flare-up.
- Second stage is bilateral dialogue to find a workable solution.
- The third phase should be to work toward a long-term solution based on poverty alleviation as poverty was the root cause of the conflict.
Myanmar’s Increased Engagement with the World
- The United States and other Western countries have become more engaged with Myanmar since it began a transition to civilian government after nearly 50 years of military rule.
- China has close relations with both Myanmar and Bangladesh, and has long been a key player in lawless borderlands where rebel ethnic groups have fought Myanmar’s government for decades.
- The conflict in those border regions have occasionally pushed thousands of refugees to seek shelter in China.
- Since the Rohingya crisis, China has repeatedly expressed support for what it calls the Myanmar government’s efforts to protect stability.
- The international community and the United Nations Security Council are expected to give encouragement and support to Myanmar and Bangladesh to create the necessary conditions and a good environment.