Mains Paper2 | Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Mains level: Nothing Much.
Justice Dalveer Bhandari re-elected to ICJ
- India’s nominee to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) Justice Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected to the last seat of the Hague-based world court ICJ after Britain withdrew its candidate Christopher Greenwood from the election.
- Justice Bhandari received 183-193 votes in the United Nations General Assembly and secured all 15 votes in the Security Council after separate and simultaneous elections were held at the UN headquarters in New York.
- The elections were held after the United Kingdom, in a dramatic turn of events, withdrew from the race, paving way for Bhandari’s re-election to the prestigious world court.
International Court of Justice (ICJ)
- It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).
- It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.
- The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands).
- Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America).
- The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
- Its judgments have binding force and are without appeal for the parties concerned.
- The ICJ consists of 15 judges elected to nine-year terms by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council that vote simultaneously but separately.
- In order to be elected, a candidate must receive an absolute majority of the votes in both bodies (UNSC and UNGA).