Maharashtra’s employment-linked scheme to increase mangrove cover

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Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Mangrove forests in India

Mains level: Significance of mangroves


  1. Maharashtra state cabinet approved the Mangrove Protection and Employment Generation Scheme for 2017-18 and has made Rs 15 crore budgetary provision for it.
  2. This special scheme to preserve mangroves on public and private land and to provide employment opportunities — linked to mangrove cover — to people of the selected areas. The decision will help in protecting mangroves on around 30,000 hectares.
  3.  Employment would be generated by setting up businesses such as crab farming, bee keeping, rice farming, fish farming and tourism. The businesses can be run through a committee or by an individual
  4. It will help in many people coming forward voluntarily for preserving mangroves.
  5. Committees would be set up in villages having mangrove cover to ensure group benefits by forming organisational structure.
  6. The committee will also prepare a micro plan for mangrove preservation, protection, setting up protection fences and improving quality of mangroves.



  1. mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
  2. The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species. Mangroves occur worldwide in the tropics and subtropics, mainly between latitudes 25° N and 25° S.
  3. Mangroves are salt tolerant trees, also called halophytes, and are adapted to life in harsh coastal conditions. They contain a complex salt filtration system and complex root system to cope with salt water immersion and wave action. They are adapted to the low oxygen (anoxic) conditions of waterlogged mud.