[op-ed snap] The missing jobs

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Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Mains level: Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana – Objectives, challenges and Way forward



  • Out of a total 30.67 lakh candidates who had been trained, under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), less than a tenth — 9 lakh candidates — had received placement offers.

What could be the possible reasons?

  1. Jobs are not simply a function of the country’s workforce acquiring formal skills making them employable.
  2. More fundamental to job creation is a vibrant economy, in which investment and consumption fuel demand for labour, skilled and unskilled. 
  3. Today’s crisis is not one of employability, but of investment and economic activity leading to shrinking job opportunities

Way forward?

  1. The government’s focus should be on providing decent education.
  2. That would mean ensuring minimum standards in schools, colleges, polytechnics and industrial training institutes (ITI).
    • NGO Pratham’s Annual State of Education Report for 2016 reveals that just over 43 per cent of class VIII students in rural government schools can solve three-digit by one-digit division problems and only 45 per cent are able to read simple sentences in English.
  3. The government must concentrate on basic education, labour reforms and improving the ease of doing business.


 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

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