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Census is nothing but a process of collecting, compiling, analyzing, evaluating, publishing and disseminating statistical data regarding the population. It covers demographic, social and economic data and are provided as of a particular date.

  • When was the first census in India held?
  • Why is census important?
  • Key Findings of the 2011 Census
  • SECC: Introduction
  • Objectives of SECC 2011
  • Government Ministries and offices involved in SECC survey
  • Methodology of SECC Survey
  • Key Findings of the 2011 SECC survey
  • Significance of SECC
  • Criticism of the SECC survey
  • Important Tit-bits for the Prelims

When was the first census in India held?

Census operations started in India long back during the period of the Maurya dynasty. It was systematized during the years 1865 to 1872, though it has been conducted uninterruptedly from the year 1881. Being a trustworthy resource of information

Why is census important?

The Indian Census is the most credible source of information on Demography (Population characteristics), Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing & Household Amenities, Urbanisation, Fertility and Mortality, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Language, Religion, Migration, Disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data since 1872.

Census 2011 is the 15th National Census of the Country. This is the only source of primary data in the village , town and ward level, It provides valuable information for planning and formulation policies for Central and the State Governments and is widely used by National and International Agencies, Scholars, business people, industrialists, and many more.

The Delimitation/reservation of Constituencies:

Parliamentary/Assembly/Panchayats and other Local Bodies is also done on the basis of the demographic data thrown up by the Census. Census is the basis for reviewing the country’s progress in the past decade, monitoring the on going Schemes of the Government and most importantly, plan for the future.

Let us now briefly analyse the trends of 2011 census

source

a) Population:

  • India’s total population stands at 1.21 billion, which is 17.7 per cent more than the last decade, and growth of females was higher than that of males.
     There was an increase of 90.97 million males and increase of 90.99 million females. The growth rate of females was 18.3 per cent which is higher than males — 17.1 per cent.
    • India’s population grew by 17.7 per cent during 2001-11, against 21.5 per cent in the previous decade. Among the major states, highest decadal growth in population has been recorded in Bihar (25.4 per cent) while 14 states and Union Territories have recorded population growth above 20 per cent.

Any doubts?


  1. Profile photo of Aditya Sahu Aditya Sahu

    I think it is in complete plzzz sir complete this could be very very useful for mains

    1. Profile photo of Root Root

      This CD Explains would be taken up in a few days.

  2. Profile photo of manish bansal manish bansal

    1 news says that majority of households headed by women are from Muslim faith and another news says it is from Christianity faith. Please clarify.

  3. Profile photo of Siddhartha Singh Siddhartha Singh

    Yes.. we need it.

  4. Profile photo of Rahul Rao Rahul Rao

    Yes, please see if you can provide a comparison with 2001 census statistics state-wise (max & mins) & nation-wide

  5. Profile photo of Gajanand Saini Gajanand Saini

    Story please, how census works? Stats of other areas

Median marriage age increases

  1. News: New Census data released by the government shows that the median age at marriage in India has increased across categories of people and genders
  2. Data: The median age increased for men – from 22.6 (2001) to 23.5 (2011) and for women – from 18.2 (2001) to 19.2 (2011)
  3. Reason: Increasingly mobile and migratory nature of work, higher levels of school enrolment
  4. Future: The trend is expected to continue due to the socio-economic changes taking place in India

Women head 16 per cent of T.N. households

  1. Context: Recently released data from Census 2011
  2. TN: Over 16% of the households in the State are headed by women
  3. National: It is higher than the 13.17% reported at the national level where 3.27 crore of the total 24.88 crore households are headed by women
  4. Among various religious groups, more percentage of Muslim women are heading households than women from other faiths

Census 2011 data on households- II

  1. Context: Recently released 2011 Census data
  2. Size of a household: An average 5.6 persons live in a Muslim household, 5.1 in Sikh, 4.9 in Hindu, 4.8 in Jain
  3. Also, 4.6 persons in a Buddhist household and 4.5 in a Christian household
  4. The highest percentage of women headed households is noticed in the Christian community (17.4%)

Census 2011 data on households- I

  1. Context: Recently released 2011 Census data
  2. The total number of households in the country is 248.8 million
  3. Number of households belonging to different religions: Hindus 202.4 million, Muslims 31.2 million & Christians 6.3 million
  4. Also, 4.1 million are Sikh households and 1.9 million Jain

Male child still preferred, show Census data

Cellphones outnumber landlines in rural India, finds census



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