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The present state of the river:
Three logical leaps that the Court took:
The right to sue:
Is the judgment a game changer?
The op-ed has points that can be asked in Prelims and has good points regarding the judgment of the Court, which can be used in Mains answer.
Readings of the Report:
Relevant to Asia-Pacific:
The Singapore example:
Sustainable Development Goals:
Put simply, water is life, and without a sustained commitment to improving and benefiting from effective wastewater management, that precious resource, and the billions of lives it nourishes, are in peril. An important read for both Mains and Prelims.
The Western Ghats:
How much area is ecologically sensitive?
A national consultative process is urgently called for. The op-ed is very important for Mains. Remember the names of the Committees for Prelims, UPSC sometimes asks about them.
Can be quoted in mains. A question in prelims is hardly possible, but need to know as it is a report by IUCN. Also know about IUCN here along with other important points for prelims. A prelims question has been asked on it.
Q. With reference to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which of the following statements is/are correct? [Prelims-2015]
1. IUCN is an organ of the United Nations and CITES is an international agreement between governments
2. IUCN runs thousands of field projects around the world to better manage natural environments.
3. CITES is legally binding on the States that have joined it, but this Convention does not take the place of national laws.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Important step towards curbing effluent contamination in drinking water sources. Can be quoted in mains.
Inadequacy on the part of the government:
Less allocation to Projects:
Priorities and problems
Despite various hardships being faced due to deteriorating environment and various Conventions signed taking pledge to protect environment, even today, the seriousness about the Environment seems lacking. Underutilization of funds further shows that there is slack in working towards environment and related policies.
The op-ed is important for Mains answer.
Situation after a week:
The spill and work done so far:
State of Ennore Creek:
This governance deficit needs to be fixed if we are to avert the death of our life-support systems through the slow-motion disaster of day-to-day pollution or shock incidents like oil spills.
Make note of the points for a Mains answer.
Further steps required:
Reputation before international community:
The op-ed is very important for Prelims and Mains both. Read b2b carefully.
Kamarajar Port: Ennore Port, officially renamed Kamarajar Port Limited, is located on the Coromandel Coast about 24 km north of Chennai Port, Chennai. It is the 12th major port of India, and the first port in India which is a public company.
Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services:
There can be a question on oil spill- impact and mitigation in prelims.
It is an important prelims tit-bit.
Importance of environmental clearance:
Environmental Impact Assessment is an explicit topic in mains syllabus, very close to environmental clearances as it is taken up prior to any clearance. In light of this, the issue treated above becomes important for GS-3 as well as ethics (see Mains 2016 ethics paper to be clear on this).
About PM 2.5:
Aim of Saksham 2017:
UPSC can ask about this programme in your Prelims exam. You may also use it, wherever relevant, as a part of Mains answer.
Mains 2013 had a question on urban heat island effect. So understand this new mechanism. Tree plantation as a solution to the urban heat island effect is key here. Also, make note of all the bold keywords for prelims.
Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP):
Progress so far:
Role of EESL:
This is a good government initiative to cut down on harmful emissions. Make a note of the points for both Prelims and Mains. Take note of ‘what is EESL?’ for prelims.
When and by whom was it issued?
Contributing to sustainable growth:
Expectations from 2017 and beyond:
Keep important facts in mind about green bonds like- who issued it first etc. This can also be a part of solution for environmental issues in essay and GS answers.
More than one hypothesis on stranding of whales point to hearing sensitivity of these toothed mammals implicated in such events.
Volunteers are clearing city beaches of garbage from the recent floods, ahead of the turtles’ nesting season.
A recent study has revealed that Olive Ridley Turtles are finding the islands in East Godavari district safe abodes for nesting.
Rajasthan alone accounts for half of all environmental crimes committed in India in 2014. In six states and four Union territories, no environmental crimes were recorded.
How does the NCRB define an environment-related offence?
It includes violations under only 5 laws:
Government has notified the revised standards for coal-based Thermal Power Plants in the country with the primary aim of minimising pollution.
For the study spanning six continents, a total of 236 lakes, representing more than half of the world’s freshwater supply, were monitored for at least 25 years.
RCEs are acknowledged based on recommendations of the Ubuntu Committee of Peers for the RCEs, which consists of signatories of the Ubuntu Declaration signed in 2002.
Other 5 RCEs in India –
With special focus on fragile environment and sustainable development of Eastern Ghats, the United Nations University has sanctioned a Regional Centre of Expertise (RCE) to Tirupati.
A team of climate scientists recorded and analysed snow and meteorological parameters for a period of 13 years from 2000 to 2012 and found a warming trend.
SASE was initially assigned the task of studying snow and avalanche problems along certain mountain highways in snowbound belt of Indian Himalayas.
“The snowfall has come down significantly in the last couple of decades and the glacier is melting at a higher rate putting the lives of farmers at risk,” says ‘glacier man’ Chewang Norphel.
Chewang Norphel called the glacier man for creating artificial glaciers in Ladakh to tide over the water shortage for irrigation.
The government is looking at increasing renewable purchase obligation (RPO) targets from 3 per cent to 10 per cent so as to meet the 1 lakh MW solar capacity by 2022.
An average of 335 weather-related disasters were recorded per year between 2005 and 2014, an increase of 14 % from 1995-2004.
A genetic catalogue of the aquatic germplasm of the Ramsar sites of Kerala using molecular tools will soon be created.
Wetlands of India are considered as the most threatened of all ecosystems in India due to habitat degradation, salinity, excessive inundation, water pollution, excessive development like road building.
Eco-sensitive zones (ESZ) identified by State government & regulation on sand extraction & stone quarrying will feature on Kasturirangan Committee report.
Destruction of grasslands, wetlands and forests takes its toll on birds
Three vulture species, namely White-backed, Slender-billed and Long-billed have also been severely affected by diclofenac.
The global green bond market is expected to exceed $40 billion, with countries such as India and China offering sizeable growth potential.
A Green bond is a debt instrument with which an entity raises money from investors. The bond issuer gets capital while the investors receive fixed income in the form of interest. When the bond matures, the money is repaid.
The Science Express aims to create awareness among various sections of the society especially the students about various challenges and issues associated with Climate Change