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Early classical Tamil literature is known as Sangam literature meaning ‘fraternity’, indicating mainly 2 schools of poets, aham (subjective love poems), and puram (objective, public poetry and heroic).
These books of fables also indicate that the whole of Sanskrit literature was just not religious or elitist. These popular fables are obviously a retelling of folklore.
Jayadeva (12 century A.D.) is the last great name in Sanskrit poetry, who wrote the lyric poetry Gita Govinda (the song of Govinda) to describe every phase of love between Krishna and Radha – longing, jealousy, hope, disappointment, anger, reconciliation and fruition – in picturesque lyrical language.
The songs describe the beauty of nature, which plays a prominent part in the description of human love.
The Puranas were written to illustrate and expound the truth of the Vedas. The fundamental abstruse philosophical and religious truths are expounded through popular legends or mythological stories.
The main Puranas are 18 encyclopaedic collections of legend and myth. They are called Mahapuranas. The Mahapuranas have 5 subjects –
Around this core skeleton of the five subjects any Purana adds other diverse materials like matters of religious concern, customs, ceremonies, sacrifices, festivals etc.