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An opportunity to ensure better health through a stronger National Health Mission:
National Health Policy is an ambitious government policy that will ensure better health and health facilities. It is important to read this for both Prelims and Mains.
Very important for prelims as well as mains. Important National Policies are a frequent ask in mains.
Q. Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation. [GS-2, Mains 2016]
About the Policy:
The broad principles of the policy are centered on Professionalism, Integrity and Ethics, Equity, Affordability, Universality, Patient Centered & Quality of Care, Accountability and pluralism.
Its importance has already been highlighted in the news-card covering the policy.
Important information for Prelims.
Very important for mains as well as prelims. Every year there is a question in mains on one of the National Policies. Keep track- the finalised version of policy is yet to be made public.
Accessible India Campaign:
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2016:
Formulating an ambitious campaign is a wonderful idea, but what about the barriers within the walls of the system? Publishing the rules of the Accessible India Campaign without making them accessible is just ironic in a tragic way. Make note of the details for Prelims. The points here can also be used in a Mains answer.
Important for prelims. Note the key points highlighted above.
Progress in public health:
Child death and disability:
Universal Immunisation Programme:
Role of health workers:
The life of every child is precious. Our governments should be committed to investing in India’s children, towards enabling a secure and progressive future. The information given in the op-ed is important for both Prelims and Mains.
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to stop female foeticides and arrest the declining sex ratio in India. The act banned prenatal sex determination.
Importance of this news is because of the health schemes JSY and RSBY mentioned. Also important is the purpose of the schemes – to induce a behavioral change in rural areas. Having facilities would be pointless if people do not use them.
On JSY –
1. JSY is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).
2. It has identified ASHA, the accredited social health activist as an effective link between the Govt and the poor pregnant women in 10 low performing states.
3. In other eligible states and UTs, wherever, Anganwadi workers and TBAs or ASHA like activist has been engaged in this purpose are involved.
On RSBY – RSBY was launched in early 2008 and was initially designed to target only the Below Poverty Line (BPL) households, but has been expanded to cover other defined categories of unorganised workers. These include – street vendors, MNREGA workers etc. The objective is to reduce out of pocket (OOP) expenditure on health and increase access to health care. OOP is the most inefficient and least accountable way of spending on health.
Note: These schemes and international commitments can be used as healthy points to differentiate your answers in Mains. FP2020’s focus is on family planning and these are unique initiatives by GOI around contraceptives and its promotion
The 8 Free Government (AYUSH) clinics served more than 1000 patients in four days
National Deworming initiative to benefit more than 27 crore children in 536 districts of the country
Healthcare Federation of India (Nathealth), which represents hospitals, medical equipment manufacturers, and insurance companies, has few demands from upcoming budget.
National Policy on Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy, 2002, envisages integration of AYUSH with the Health Care Delivery System.
According to the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) 2013 Karnataka has the highest stillbirth rate in India. That is, 12 deaths per 1,000 births.
Rescuing Maternal and Child Health-only systems, which have become under-resourced and have built a very high-cost but low-performance culture, will be a challenging task.
Narrowly focussed health systems on the other hand risk falling short not only on their goals but also make it difficult, if not impossible, to build broader health systems for the future.
Setting up of a National Resource Facility for Bio-medical Research (NARF) at Genome Valley in Hyderabad by the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR).
The National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) has been shut down by the Union Health Ministry.
National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, has a mandate to generate data on the nutritional status of socially vulnerable groups, established in 1972 by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
Health sector ‘should not be seen as a black hole of expenditures’, says WHO director general Margaret Chan
India has the highest number of people living below poverty line of $1.6 per day, according to the World Bank.
This decision is expected to sort out the issue of shortage.
National Blood Policy aims to ensure easily accessible and adequate supply of safe and quality blood and blood components procured from a voluntary non-remunerated blood donor in well equipped premises, which is stored and transported under optimum conditions.
The National Health Profile 2015 is prepared by the Central Bureau for Health Intelligence.
Should India make health a fundamental right? Impediments and Opportunities.
We go back to time and start the discussion with this –
The draft National Health Policy 2015 (NPH) released by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government on 31 December 2014 seems to have its heart in the right place.
The idea of making health a fundamental right is an old, comfortable, feel-good debate. So let’s consider its broad contours. The case in favour can be summed up as follows: the right to health is a natural corollary of the right to life and, therefore, denying someone healthcare is like denying a living human being the right to live out her natural life span.
What is the case against?