Technology Vision 2035 – Putting science to Use
The Prime Minister unveiled the ‘Technology Vision Document 2035’ while inaugurating the 103rd Indian Science Congress on January 3, 2016. Let’s take a glance at it
<The document is dedicated to late Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, former President of India.>
What is Technology Vision 2035?
- The document foresees the technologies required for fulfilling the needs of India 2035
- This is a vision of where India and its citizens should be in 2035 and how technology should help achieve this
- Twelve Sectoral Technology roadmaps are being prepared by the Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council, (TIFAC)
Which are the 12 sectors?
- Medical Sciences & Healthcare
- Food and Agriculture
- Information and Communication Technology
The prime aim of the vision document
- To ensure the security of every Indian, enhancing their prosperity and identity
- This is stated in the document as “Our Aspiration” or “Vision Statement” in all languages of the 8th Schedule of the Constitution
- The Vision document also identifies 12 prerogatives – (six for meeting individual needs and six for collective needs) that should be available to each and every Indian
How technologies could map to assure prerogatives?
- Those are readily deployable
- Those that needs to be moved from Lab to Field
- Those that require targeted Research
- Those that are still in Imagination
What type of technologies are expected in future?
- Technologies could come about as a result of curiosity driven or paradigm – shattering ‘Blue-sky’ Research like Internet of Things, Wearable Technology, Synthetic Biology, Brain computer Interface, Bioprinting and regenerative medicine
- Precision agriculture and robotic farming, vertical farming, interactive foods, autonomous vehicles, Bioluminescence, 3D printing of buildings, earthquake prediction, weather modification technologies, green mining etc <Here, UPSC has great scope to ask questions, as we know 3D printing technology was asked in 2013 Mains >
What is Bioluminescence?
- Bioluminescence is the production and emission of light by a living organism
- The light emitted by a bioluminescent organism is produced by energy released from chemical reactions occurring inside (or ejected by) the organism
What are the challenges in the field of Technology?
- Guaranteeing nutritional security and eliminating female and child anaemia
- Ensuring universal eco-friendly waste management
- Taking the railway to Leh and Tawang
- Understanding national climate patterns and adapting to them
- Ensuring location independent electoral and financial empowerment
Then! Are there any ways to overcome these challenges?
Technology Leadership – niche technologies in which we have core competencies, skilled manpower, infrastructure and a traditional knowledge base; eg. Nuclear Energy, Space Science.
Technology Independence – strategic technologies that we would have to develop on our own as they may not be obtainable from elsewhere eg. Defence sector
Technology Innovation – linking disparate technologies together or making a breakthrough in one technology and applying it to another. eg., solar cells patterned on chlorophyll based synthetic pathway are a potent future source of renewable energy
Technology Adoption – obtain technologies from elsewhere, modify them according to local needs and reduce dependence on other sources eg., foreign collaboration in the sectors of rainwater harvesting, agri-biotech, desalination, energy efficient buildings.
Technology Constraints – areas where technology is threatening and problematic i.e. having a negative social or environmental impact because of serious legal and ethical issues eg., Genetically Modified(GM) Crops.
Which 3 key activities were identified as a part of the ‘Call to Action’?
- Knowledge creation – It says India cannot afford not to be in the forefront of the knowledge revolution, either applied or pure
- Ecosystem design for innovation and development
- Technology deployment by launching certain national missions involving specific targets, defined timelines requiring only a few carefully defined identified players
Source - PIB Features | Pic - Vision 2035