The Prime Minister unveiled the ‘Technology Vision Document 2035’ while inaugurating the 103rd Indian Science Congress on January 3, 2016. Let’s take a glance at it
<The document is dedicated to late Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, former President of India.>
Technology Leadership – niche technologies in which we have core competencies, skilled manpower, infrastructure and a traditional knowledge base; eg. Nuclear Energy, Space Science.
Technology Independence – strategic technologies that we would have to develop on our own as they may not be obtainable from elsewhere eg. Defence sector
Technology Innovation – linking disparate technologies together or making a breakthrough in one technology and applying it to another. eg., solar cells patterned on chlorophyll based synthetic pathway are a potent future source of renewable energy
Technology Adoption – obtain technologies from elsewhere, modify them according to local needs and reduce dependence on other sources eg., foreign collaboration in the sectors of rainwater harvesting, agri-biotech, desalination, energy efficient buildings.
Technology Constraints – areas where technology is threatening and problematic i.e. having a negative social or environmental impact because of serious legal and ethical issues eg., Genetically Modified(GM) Crops.
Which 3 key activities were identified as a part of the ‘Call to Action’?
Source - PIB Features | Pic - Vision 2035
Although details of govt policies are important, so is a macro level understanding. Such speeches can be useful in understanding the overall problems in a sector.
The Indian Science Congress Association is a professional body under Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt of India. The association started in the year 1914 in Kolkata and it meets annually in the first week of January. It has a membership of more than 30,000 scientists. Its objectives include – To advance and promote the cause of science in India, To hold an annual congress at a suitable place in India etc.
The scheme mentioned is important for prelims.
The Summit would help attract investors and other key partners to invest in the biotech sector in India.
With over 2.5 quintillion bytes created every day, data storage and analysis has become a great challenge.
It is currently operational at the NCR Biotech Science Cluster, Faridabad.
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