Organ donations under scanner

  1. What? Kerala govt has decided to bring the entire organ transplant scenario in the State under the scanner
  2. It will include live and deceased donor organ transplants happening in both public and private sector hospitals
  3. Why? To bring better accountability and transparency to the process of organ donation
  4. The decision has been taken following concerns and speculations raised by various quarters about the possibilities of exploitation, especially in the case of live donor organ transplants
  5. Also to ensure that deceased donor organ donation programme in the State does not suffer
  6. No data: While the deceased donor organ donation programme in the State is being coordinated by the government through Kerala Network for Organ Sharing (KNOS), the government has absolutely no data on the number of living donor organ transplants happening in the private sector hospitals across the State
  7. Approximately 1,000-1,200 live kidney donations and less than 500 live liver donations are performed in the State annually
  8. There is no exact data on the number of live donations, the health status of the donor, and the survival data of those who received the organs in the private sector

Note4students: This can be a mins issue in GS-2 or in Ethics- the ethical issues involved in organ donation.

National registry of organ and tissue donors- challenges

  1. Those in the field point out that most transplants are taking place in private hospitals
  2. Until the government makes it mandatory for them to share data, they will remain cagey
  3. Also, there is no compulsion for State governments yet to share their data
  4. Maintaining donor confidentiality
  5. Ensuring that it is an inclusive exercise
  6. There are only 200-300 licensed hospitals to harvest organs and do transplants
  7. As a result, there are people willing to donate organs but do not know where to go

National registry of organ and tissue donors

  1. It is being developed by NIC
  2. Partly developed and is accessible through the NOTTO site
  3. Advatages: Will help in maintaining data and surveillance
  4. Will also be used for academic research and to study outcome
  5. After the transplant, patients have to be followed up and even that data should be fed
  6. This will help figure out the post-transplant survival rate
  7. It’s an ambitious plan

Prognosis is good for India’s organ transplant programme

  1. What? Meeting of the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO), National Informatics Centre (NIC) and other stakeholders
  2. Why? To draw a road map for documenting patient progress, networking all transplant hospitals of the country
  3. Also to figure out the official policy to treat out-of-turn requests for organs
  4. Background: India’s still nascent organ transplant programme is making progress
  5. It’s not just things like life-saving traffic green corridors that are smoothening out the wrinkles
  6. Efforts to increase the knowledge base are taking off and crucial policy decisions are taking shape
  7. These are triggered by recent events in organ transplants

:( We are working on most probable questions. Do check back this section.

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