Any doubts?

  1. Profile photo of Arun Muradnar Arun Muradnar

    Yes actually.. Lots of names confuses many a times..pls add more..

  2. Profile photo of gurshinder sidhu gurshinder sidhu

    Mnemonic: in khansi (cough) , no icecream so khasi plus no krem i:e nongkrem ,khasi hills nonkgrem dance..

    1. Profile photo of Amit Bhardwaj Amit Bhardwaj

      Good One! 🙂

    2. Profile photo of Rohit Pande Rohit Pande

      Nice! That;s actually helpful 🙂

      More, please!

      1. Profile photo of gurshinder sidhu gurshinder sidhu

        As n ven it comes to mind while studying,wil definitely share on CD

  3. Profile photo of Arun Muradnar Arun Muradnar

    Why Apatani’s have such weird nose plug?
    According to the Apatani, the nose plug was born as a way of protecting the women of the tribe. Apparently, Apatani women have always been considered the most beautiful among the Arunachal tribes, their villages were constantly raided by neighboring tribes, and the women kidnapped.
    To make themselves unattractive to the other tribes, Apatani women began wearing these hideous nose plugs..
    You would amazed to know Ethiopian lip plug!!

      1. Profile photo of Arun Muradnar Arun Muradnar

        Incredible Ethiopia.. Ha ha..!!

New Ginger species with medicinal properties found in Andamans

  1. What? A new species of Zingiber (commonly referred as Ginger) was found from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Who? Scientists of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI)
  3. The species Zingiber pseudosquarrosum, new to science, belonging to genus Zingiber, was already used by the local Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of the Andamans for its medicinal values
  4. Ethno-medicinal uses: The fresh extract of fleshy tuberous roots is used to treat abdominal pain and anti-helminthic troubles by Nicobarese and certain other tribal communities


Tribal communities are often identified by some specific signs such as primitive traits, distinctive culture, geographical isolation, shyness to contact with the community at large and backwardness. Along with these, some tribal groups have some specific features such as dependency on hunting, gathering for food, having pre-agriculture level of technology, zero or negative growth of population and extremely low level of literacy. These groups are called Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.

In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups. In 2006, the Government of India renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

Basic characteristics of PVTGs: Mostly homogenous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, social institutes cast in a simple mould, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc.


  1. A question on a new specie of banana was asked in Prelims 2016. Coincidentally, that specie too belonged to Andamans.
  2. Mains 2016, Paper 1: Why are the tribals in India referred to as the Scheduled Tribes? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment. 4.5+8 marks

Nuakhai celebrated across western Odisha



  1. Nuakhai is an agricultural festival mainly observed by people of Western Odisha in India.
  2. The word nua means new and khai means food, so the name means the farmers are in possession of the newly harvested rice.
  3. It is observed to welcome the new rice of the season.
  4. During the festival, the head of the family worships the household deity, offering rice and other food items. He then distributes the prashad among the family members.
  5. Apart from the rituals of offering the new crop to the deity, the ‘Nuakhai Juhar’ is a major ritual of the festival, which is an exchange of greetings with friends, relatives and well-wishers.

The Apatani tribe from Arunachal Pradesh


  1. A small tribe in Arunachal Pradesh has been able to defeat modern technological advancements in terms of environment conservation.
  2. The Apatanis from Ziro have a unique lifestyle that focuses on living in harmony with nature.
  3. Ziro is home to the tribal group called the Apatanis which is one amongst the very few tribes in the world that worship nature (Sun & Moon).
  4. In April 2014, Apatani Cultural Landscape has also been added to the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites for “extremely high productivity” and “unique” ways of preserving ecology.

Why do you think women have those nose plugs?

How to Manage the Food-Forest Nexus: Lessons from Dongria Kondh

Scattered across 240 sq km on the remote Niyamgiri hill range in the eastern Indian state of Odisha, an ancient tribal group known as the Dongria Kondh have earned themselves a reputation as trailblazers. Why?


The Dongria Kondh set an example in 2013 to millions of tribal people around the world when they fought and won a case with a British mining giant that invested close to a billion dollars in a bauxite extraction operation in this mineral-rich area.


What next? The twin issues of hunger and deforestation

  • Their varied and nutritious diet, which includes over 25 species of plants, comes directly from the forests.
  • But rampant deforestation for large-scale infrastructure projects, coupled with monoculture plantations of fast-growing trees to supply timber and paper industries with raw materials, have reduced food availability.
  • But fikr not! Look up to Niyamgiri hills for a lesson on an alternative economic model, one based on community management and control of land and resources.



Traditional fervour marks Nongkrem Dance


  1. Nongkrem Dance Festival is performed to appease the all- powerful Goddess, ‘Ka Blei Synshar’ for a rich bumper harvest & general prosperity.
  2. The festival is celebrated during autumn at Smit, the cultural centre of the Khasi Hills.
  3. The Khasis are a tribe of Meghalaya, who also celebrate the ripening of paddy for threshing, by dances and songs.
  4. The folk dances capture the movements of everyday life as well as animals and birds.

The first National Tribal Festival – Vanaj


  1. Organised by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Jual Oram.
  2. The aim was to bridge the gaps of social divide and promote tribal culture in India.
  3. More than 900 folk and tribal artists participated.

  4. Tip: In 2014, India held the biodiversity express and some questions in the Prelims were sitters from the brochure itself. 


:( We are working on most probable questions. Do check back this section.

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