Starting 2nd April – APSIP Essay Course with K Siddhartha
Target 140+ | Click to see how & register for the module
Same approach as the news on avian diversity in Siruvani.
The info as such can hardly be asked in exam but do map the locations on atlas and glance through the species found in the region.
Not very important. Can be a prelims trivia.
Very important for prelims.
Note the states, methods used and the order of states according to number of elephants.
Very important for prelims. Also note the ‘process’ point carefully. Can be used in ethics case studies.
Very important for prelims. Note the names of migratory birds, the bird sanctuary, its importance, location- map it on atlas.
1. Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in state of Andhra Pradesh. Kolleru is located between Krishna and Godavari deltas.
2. Kolleru Bird Sanctuary is a sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh, India. It covers 673 square kilometers. It was established in November 1999, under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. The sanctuary protects part of the Kolleru Lake wetland, which gained Ramsar Convention for International importance in 2002.
The conservation issue of olive ridleys is very much in news this year due to anomalous behaviour of the turtles, loss of coastal space, salinity effects etc. Do read the comprehensive coverage for prelims as well as mains- click here
The issue is not very important for exam directly but the conservation issue of such species is important. See b2b for rhinoceros and KNP/ KTR. Very important for prelims.
The one-horned rhinoceros:
Kaziranga National Park:
The black rhinoceros:
Ganges — a red zone
Expanding list of species being poached
Very important for prelims. A direct question in mains may not be asked but it can be a pointer on species conservation question.
The issue was covered earlier with b2b on the given specie (click here). With the issue becoming severe, new researches and reports are coming up on it. Important for prelims.
The leopard story:
The human contact:
It’s not just Sariska. Parks in Rajasthan and other parts of the country are rife with animal-human conflict. That these conflicts have increased even when there is a lot of research on the behaviour of big cats shows that park managers are either unaware of these studies or are constrained by other reasons to not pay heed to them.
The points here and the incident can be a part of the answer on protection of wildlife. Find out more about Sariska Tiger Reserve from b2b.
Sariska Tiger Reserve:
Important thing here is karuvelam tree, an invasive species.
The Karuvelam tree:
Very very important for prelims. See b2b for details.
About the olive ridley turtles:
Mass Nesting/ arribada:
Such news pieces are not very important but can be a prelims tit-bit just like Prelims-2016 Andamans banana question.
Article has important info. Can be important for prelims. To read about the basics of national parks, conservation od wildlife etc, click here.
Earlier considered bad luck:
The fortunes of the species may turn on local pride:
Do note the features and habitat of the bird from b2b. Important for prelims.
The greater adjutant stork:
Note the tribe name and its location. Such questions were asked in prelims earlier. Also just remember the name and properties of the plant briefly. One such question was asked in Prelims 2016 about a banana specie found in Andamans.
Q. Recently, our scientists have discovered a new and distinct species of banana plant which attains a height of about 11 metres and has orange-coloured fruit pulp. In which part of India has it been discovered? [Prelims-2016]
a) Andaman Islands
b) Anaimalai Forests
c) Maikala Hills
d) Tropical rain forests of northeast
Know about the Particularly vulnerable tribal groups in b2b.
Tribal communities are often identified by some specific signs such as primitive traits, distinctive culture, geographical isolation, shyness to contact with the community at large and backwardness. Along with these, some tribal groups have some specific features such as dependency on hunting, gathering for food, having pre-agriculture level of technology, zero or negative growth of population and extremely low level of literacy. These groups are called Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.
In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups. In 2006, the Government of India renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
Basic characteristics of PVTGs: Mostly homogenous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, social institutes cast in a simple mould, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc.
Q. Why are the tribals in India referred to as the Scheduled Tribes? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment. 4.5+8 marks [Mains 2016, Paper 1]
Know the names of species and their habitat. UPSC may not venture into such deep facts but we never know when such things can be asked as in Prelims-2013.
About N donaldtrumpi:
Earlier @ Barack Obama:
Not very important. Just glance through.
Many such cases of Red-sanders smuggling have also been seen in past.
What is important here is not the news but to know about red sanders. A question was asked in Prelims 2016 on red sanders.
This is important from point of view of prelims. Do focus on Birdlife International and Mapping of the protected areas.
State-sanctioned killing, capture and rescue of leopards violates every statutory, constitutional and ethical standard. This is an issue that needs to be addressed if India is serious about protecting its wildlife and biodiversity.
The IUCN is an important body in the conservation field. It is a popular topic for questions in UPSC prelims also. Hence, this news gives us a chance to learn more about it.
The IUCN was created in 1948 and consists of both govt and civil society organisations. It is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it. It is the only environmental organisation with official United Nations Observer Status. It is headquartered in Switzerland.
Its members meet every four years at the IUCN World Conservation Congress to set priorities and agree on the Union’s work programme. IUCN congresses have produced several key international environmental agreements including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), the World Heritage Convention, and the Ramsar Convention on wetlands.
Discuss: Remember Article 18 of the Constitution? It prohibits Indian citizens from accepting foreign titles. (Above mentioned are awards though)
Discuss: Extinction of species is an inherent natural ecological process that operates at much larger scale while man-induced extinction is a myth”. Examine this statement in the light of major mass extinctions in the geological history [This one is especially for geography optional junta]
The draft NWAP envisages 17 focus areas, including the new area linking wildlife planning to climate change
This is the first Indian bird to be named after late Dr. Salim Ali .
Cabinet approves signing of MOU on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia — also called the Raptor MOU.
World’s worst nuclear accident turned a vast area around Chernobyl into an uninhabitable exclusion zone, scientists are surprised to find it packed with wildlife.
SAI = Save Animals Initiative Sanctuary Trust
Pamela and Anil Malhotra bought 55 acres of land 23 years ago, and today they have converted it into a beautiful forest of over 300 acres.
The couple, passionate about wildlife and nature conservation, bought 55 acres of land to plant native trees and protect the environment. Today, they are responsible for creating over 300 acres of wild life sanctuary that hosts animals like Bengal Tigers, Asian Elephants, Hyena, Wild Boar, Leopards, Sambhar, etc.
They bought around 55 acres of unused and abandoned land from the farmers who were not using it due to excess of rainfall in Kodagu district of Karnataka.
“We chose Kodagu because it is the micro hotspot of biodiversity in the entire planet,” Pamela says.
The sanctuary also won the “Wildlife and Tourism Initiative Of The Year” award by Sanctuary Asia in conjunction with Tour Operators for Tigers in 2014.
This is an appeal that Pamela and Anil Malhotra have made to all wealthy Indians to save our forests, wildlife and freshwater sources. They are even willing to help anyone who is willing to try.
Discuss: Most instances of man-animal conflict involve outsiders and not the tribals. In the case of Gir, the Maldhari tribals who are primarily cattle-herders live in harmony