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A Feminization U hypothesis for female labour participation?
Demand and supply-side drivers of female labour participation:
Factors that need further investigation:
Important op-ed for Mains and Essay writing.
Very important piece of data. Can be quoted in a mains answer or an essay. Not the key facts, challenges for women in holding key posts, way forward.
Maternity Benefit Act:
The unorganized sector:
A societal responsibility:
How can benefits reach all the women?
The road ahead:
The op-ed is important for Mains exam.
Read the salient provisions of the bill here and here. If you have been revising your current affairs then the provisions should not be new. With only 3 months left for prelims, you should start revising your current affairs from August onwards at the very least, and for 1 year before the prelims date if possible.
The facts show phenomenon of gender wage gap. Note the reasons and way forward for mains answer.
Important for prelims. Can be used in a mains answer or essay.
The importance of access:
Exploring other avenues:
Relation between road and work:
Need for facilities in job:
Contrast with the West:
Sharing the burden:
Millennial Careers: 2020 Vision study:
The Economic Survey 2016-17:
The op-ed throws light on an important issue of the society. The points in this article can be used for writing Mains answer.
Once again, judiciary empowering women on property rights.
A Prelims tit-bit
The judgement can be quoted in ethics paper; also know about the scheme mentioned above.
The issue can be a pointer in mains. The issue has become serious after the tribal women died after such surgeries last year. Revise NHRC chapter from your polity book.
Important for prelims. Can also be quoted in mains as a step taken for rehab of such victims and that can be taken up all across the country.
The issue is raging across the world, especially France etc. Can be a pointer in mains.
Opposition to the move:
Pressurized to resign:
Challenges for the new government:
Going against the status quo to take a progressive decision is always a difficult endeavour in politics or in government. Such decisions yield enthusiastic support from those in favour of change; at the same time, they invite strong responses from reactionary sections. We still live in a patriarchal world, where men hardly want to give space to women.
There will be no direct question on this issue but it is important to see how a 33% reservation for women that is provided by the law, can upturn the ruling party.
Just be aware of the happenings. It might be quoted as a point in mains answer as to what steps are taken towards improving child sex ratio.
Sex offender registration laws:
They allow the public to access these records so that the community may be aware of a sex offender in their locality
Impact on crimes:
Ms. Gandhi’s suggestions:
Framing sexual offences:
Our institutional failure:
Not very important, just be abreast of the happenings.
Other side of the story:
Special Status of Nagaland:
Submissive to pressure:
Denial of women’s rights cannot be a measure of the State’s autonomy. This op-ed has important information that will widen understanding of the Naga situation. Make note of b2b.
A point for mains answer on women safety issues. Know about the fund for prelims from b2b.
The Nirbhaya Fund:
Context: The issue of women reservation going on in Nagaland
Reality check on women representation:
Issue at stake #1. The writ of the Constitution and the Supreme Court against the power of local customs and traditions:
Issue at stake #2. Reservations:
Women will be men’s equals only if incompetent women could hold important jobs just like men did. Taking the cue, men in Nagaland should concede and the state government shouldn’t.
This op-ed has excellent arguments supported with examples and facts for mains answer and on issue of women reservation in legislature, not only in Nagaland, but as a whole.
Women’s right protests:
The op-ed is about an agitation of international scale that one must be familiar with and draw comparison with the 2012 agitation of India on Nirbhaya case. However, it is a matter of concern that such mass agitation failed to change the statistics of rape cases in India. Let’s watch out for the changes it brings in America.
Issues with women safety sans public transport:
The case of Mumbai:
The case of Ahmedabad:
Planning the Vienna way:
The way out of the mess:
Instead of the frustrated attempt at nabbing miscreants by being glued to CCTV camera feeds, perhaps it is time to let women feel confident by being on streets and moving freely through public transport systems that are cheap and efficient, and which cater to the freedom of any pattern of movement any hour of the day, by every socioeconomic class.
This is a new dimension in women safety and work force participation issues. Note it for mains answers.
Issue with Indian men:
A proactive policy attention needed:
Changing primitive notions:
It is time that people stop blaming women who wear “Western attire” for “inviting” sexual assault. Think of some ways that can be used to stop the horrifying act of molestation. This could add to your essay on gender issues.
About three in 10 companies worldwide have no women either in executive positions or on their board
A World Bank paper shows decline in female labour force participation over the past decade
Bihar’s job reservation quota of 35% for women is a welcome gesture, but focus has to be on increasing opportunities and capabilities.
The 35 per cent reservation extended to women on posts of police constable would now be extended to cover other state government vacancies, too.
WCD ministry decision to increase maternity leave from the current 12 weeks to 26 weeks for all women is welcome.
Union Home Minister told Parliament that the govt. was considering 33% reservation for women in the paramilitary forces.
McKinsey Global Institute’s (MGI) “The Power of Parity: Advancing Women Equality in India” report.
Gender inequality in India is high and extremely on gender equality in work, legal protection and political voice, economic opportunity.
Now you get the context? Do remember that taxation law amendments can be retrospectively enforced!
The Delhi High Court said it would not allow “sexist bias” to block women’s progress.
You think this step encourages women empowerment in India?
Can you list out some more steps taken which helps empower Women?
UN report says women are forced to work under harsh conditions.
The Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016 report comes 20 years after the landmark Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing.
Insufficient vitamin A raises the risk of decreased immune function, increased morbidity and mortality and blindness.