11 Jan 2016 | GS 1 | Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity?

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  • GS1 ( Post-independence consolidation and reorganization)

    Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity?

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  • Profile photo of Vinayak BC Vinayak BC @vinayakbc2811

    Plz review and do advice for improvement.😊

  • Profile photo of CA Ashish Jain CA Ashish Jain @ca-ashishjain


    • Profile photo of nishat anjum nishat anjum @nanjum148

      terms like ‘unfortunate experience’ are too strong especially as an introductory phrase.
      more focus could have been given to discussing the issues, esp recent ones
      water sharing point was good
      north-south divide and ‘natural resources’ were good points.
      conclusion could have been better
      all the best 🙂

  • Profile photo of Saravanan N S Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

    During the freedom struggle, Linguistic reorganisation of States was raised by Home rule League of BG Thilak. After Independence,because of continued demand from Ayikya Kerala, Samyukta Maharashtra, Vishalandhra movements etc, States were reorganised on the basis of linguistic factor.

    At that time,Some alleged that Linguistic states would jeopardize the Unity but,actually it has strengthened Indian Unity.

    # Linguistic States has prevented the rise of Ethnic linguistic -Nationalist based demands like in Europe.Because most European Nations after World war are created based on Ethnicity. Eg: Poland, Latvia , Lithuania, Finland after WWI.
    # States are able to conserve their language and indigenous culture , as the States are allowed to have official language through Constitutional provision.
    # Creation of Linguistic states has prevented Balkanisation. Eg: Yugoslavia disintegration into Ethnic based states – Serbia , Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia happened because of inadequate recognition and problems of non-Serbs. So, Linguistic states avoided such situation in India. Eg: Dropping of Dravida Nadu and Separate Tamil Nadu demands due to autonomy provided by creation of Tamil Nadu.
    # “Unity in Diversity” is Indian identity and this diversity is uphold by these States and inturn, these states make India. If these states were not created, “Unity” would have been become “Uniformity” and might have created problems among diverse people.

    But on the Flip side, Linguistic states have created some issues
    -> Interstate river water disputes are given Linguistic colours and affects the brotherhood between the Citizens. Eg: Cauvery dispute.
    -> ” Greater Land ” concepts like Nagalim with claim over land from neighbour state’s lands is not liked by neighbour States.
    But,in the long run and through evolution of Indian Politics, these issues can be sorted out and Linguistic States will be the multiple pillars of India.
    All over the world, multi lingual federations have created provinces and States based on Linguistic identity like Quebec ( French- Canada) , Tatarstan (Tatar language- Russia), Bretagne ( Breton language-France) etc and
    so Linguistic States is not to be seen with suspicion and should be viewed as a democratic unit for True Federation with legitimate aspirations.
    Recent, ” Ek Bharat;Shrestha Bharat” scheme for cultural cooperation between States is a step in right direction.

  • Profile photo of Amruta Joshi Amruta Joshi @amruta-joshi

    Linguistic states formation brought about the greatest overhaul in the formation of states in India. Also, these linguistic separation gave emphasis to various regional languages thereby promoting them .

    The formation ended the demands for further segregation of states. It accepted the diversity in every state thereby giving every state a individual identity. Also, the long term conflicts regarding formation of states came to a halt thereby paving way for better administration.

    But, this formation of linguistic states gave more primacy to regional and local languages and thereby making it difficult for a consensus on a common official language in India. Also, the southern states even today , remain skeptical for inclusion of Hindi as a third language in curriculum. The recent demand by states for inclusion of all languages as official languages is irrational as it would amount to more confusion.

    The linguistic grouping of states ended a grave question post independence but now there is a need for political will to work on removing the issues pertaining to official language for better coordination between centre and states.

    • Profile photo of santosh santosh @veeresh-rathod

      well written …
      You need to focus on social, political, economical and regional development and homogenization.how it is necessary for development,like languages development. Its unity in diversity.its strengths indian unity. By developing social and cultural and social issues. becuase dominate not rule or exploit minor. The states are just geographical bounder.

  • Profile photo of nishat anjum nishat anjum @nanjum148

    The history of linguistic state formation in india started with Andhra due to the indefinite hunger strike leading to the death of Potti sriramulu in 1952. Prior to that states were deemed to be formed solely on the basis of administrative convenience.
    Language was a uniting factor in the freedom movement and Bal Gangadhar Tilak propagated the idea of state formation on linguistic lines because it strengthened the feeling of commonality and united people in extra-ordinary ways. It also gave people a sense of identity and belonging with the diverse and vast cultural heritage of India, preserving their language, customs, culture and peaceful co-existence.
    However, post-independent india has seen a rising demand in formation of autonomous states like jharkhand, chhattisgarh and the most recent being telangana.
    -they denote a feeling of rising regionalism, a more inward-looking approach as opposed to a holistically multi-cultural society.
    -they strengthen the separatist tendencies as demands for individual states on common, narrow, sectarian lines gain ground- gurkha movement, manipur, nagaland
    -they lead to rising extremism on grounds of historical disadvantage- a threatening internal insecurity- LWE in Naxalbari, Maoist insurgency.
    -the issue becomes tools in the hands of crafty politicians who exploit such cause and people’s sentiments for electoral gains.
    With the entire anti-globalisation backlash in the world scenario, it is important that india presents a bright picture of a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic diversity united to the cause of national integration, unity and sovereignty.

  • Profile photo of Simran Bains Simran Bains @simranbains


    Post independence, India was fresh with communal riots and pain that partition brought. The need was to preserve the culture and unity despite of diversity posed in cultures and languages. But soon, demand for formation of linguistic states arose, which was opposed by national leadership as it was thought that the same would undermine national unity and integrity.

    With growing agitation, government was forced to create Andhra out of Madras. Fazl Ali commission was appointed which suggested forming states on linguistic basis. It can be opined that such decision has only strengthened Indian Unity.

    1) The basis of cultural and linguistic homogeneity calmed the agitation down which would otherwise have resulted in demands for partition.

    2) The carving out of states have resulted in peaceful co-existence where identities are preserved, and well represented. There has existed no ill-will since then between regions.

    3) When states were formed on linguistic basis, they could officially patronize their language and culture. There existed no threat regarding other language.

    4) Clashes reduced, governance came on track which resulted in socio-economic development of regions thereby ensuring unity.

    Thus, India which houses different communities, have given the freedom to each one to remain distinct but they find themselves assimilated in Indian identity. This is how, even after reorganizing states on linguistic lines, India remained united.

    • Profile photo of Akash Sharma Akash Sharma @akash55sharma

      Best Answer till now

  • Profile photo of Kunal Aggarwal Kunal Aggarwal @kunalaggarwal

    After Independence, there were questions about reorganisation of states based on linguistic basis which was promised during freedom struggle. On the one side, linguistic organisation would satisfy the aspirations of people and unite individual states in one nation. However, there were possible threats from separatist forces in each region.

    SK Dhar commission was set up which favoured reorganisation of states on the basis of language but rejected based on single language. However, Nehru decided not to go along those lines. Fazil Ali commission also favoured the division on linguistic basis and the first state was formed on the basis of language.

    Linguistic réorganisation of states such as Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamilnadu etc have helped knit people in a single nation. The linguistic diversity has come out as a feature of Indian nation showcasing unity in diversity. Equal respect and status to more than one languages has strengthened the polity. This has also provided for development of regional languages. However, along with this, there are separatist tendencies in some states. People sometimes strongly attach themselves to the regional linguistic community and demean other languages.

    In the long term, linguistic reorganisation has helped in strengthening the unity. We need to ensure interaction between communities and development of all languages.

This topic contains 10 replies, has 10 voices, and was last updated by Profile photo of Akash Sharma Akash Sharma 6 months, 2 weeks ago.

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