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18 March 2017 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions & Tikdams

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    Q.1) Consider the following statements in regard with ‘National health Policy 2017’:
    1. The policy is aimed at reaching healthcare in an assured manner to all, particularly the underserved and underprivileged.
    2. The policy advocates development of cadre of mid-level service providers, nurse practitioners, public health cadre to improve availability of appropriate health human resource.
    3. As a crucial component, the Policy proposes raising public health expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP in a time bound manner.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 3 only
    c) 2 and 3 only
    d) 1,2 and 3
    Ans.(d)
    Explanation: The Government of India adopted a highly participative and consultative approach in policy formulation process of National Health Policy. The policy informs and prioritizes the role of the Government in shaping health systems in all its dimensions- investment in health, organization and financing of healthcare services, prevention of diseases and promotion of good health through cross-sectoral action, access to technologies, developing human resources, encouraging medical pluralism, building the knowledge base required for better health, financial protection strategies and regulation and progressive assurance for health.
    Titbits: The policy envisages providing larger package of assured comprehensive primary health care through the ‘Health and Wellness Centers’ and denotes important change from very selective to comprehensive primary health care package which includes care for major NCDs, mental health, geriatric health care, palliative care and rehabilitative care services. It advocates allocating major proportion (two-thirds or more) of resources to primary care. It aims to ensure availability of 2 beds per 1000 population distributed in a manner to enable access within golden hour.
    Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=159327

     

    Q.2) Consider the following statements about ‘Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) Index’;
    1. The disability-adjusted life year is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death.
    2. It is a one type of societal measure of the disease or disability burden in populations.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Ans. (c)
    Explanation: Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) Index is calculated as the sum of the Years of Life Lost due to premature mortality and the Years Lost due to Disability for people living with the health condition or its consequences. To establish regular tracking of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) Index as a measure of burden of disease and its trends by major categories by 2022 is one of the goals of National Health Policy 2017.
    Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=159327

     

    Q.3) Consider the following statement about ‘Central Council of Health and Family Welfare’:
    1. It was set up under Article 263 of the Constitution to provide support and advice to the Department of Health on policy formulation.
    2. The Council is headed by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Ans. (c)
    Explanation:
    The Government has set up a high-level Central Council of Health and Family Welfare to consider and recommend broad lines of policy regarding all subjects coming under the Ministry of Health. The council advises the government on policy matters regarding all aspects like the provision of remedial, promotive and preventive care, environmental hygiene, nutrition, health education and the promotion of facilities for training and research.
    Titbits: The panel, headed by the Union minister for health, will also have proposal for legislation in fields of activity relating to medical and public health and Family Welfare matters, laying down the pattern of development for the country as a whole. The responsibilities of the council also include examining the whole field of possible co-operation on a wide basis in regard to inter-State quarantine during time of festivals, out-break of epidemics and serious calamities such as earth-quakes and famines and to draw up a common programme of action, according to sources.
    It will also make recommendations to the Central Government regarding distribution of available grants-in-aid for health and family welfare purposes to the States and to review periodically the work accomplished in different areas through the utilization of these grants-in-aid; and establishing any organisation or organisations invested with appropriate functions for promoting and maintaining co-operation between the Central and State Health and Family Welfare administration.
    Source: http://nrhm.gov.in/publications/proceeding-of-the-central-council-of-health-family-welfare.html

     

    Q.4) Consider the following pairs about Joint Military Exercises of India, conducted with foreign countries:
    Exercise Associate Country
    1. SAMPRITI : Singapore
    2. GARUDA SHAKTI : Indonesia
    3. KHANJAR : Tajikistan
    4. AGNI WARRIOR : Bangladesh
    5. LAMITIYE : Seychelles
    Select the correct pairs using the codes given below.
    a) 1,2 and 3 only
    b) 2 and 5 only
    c) 2,4 and 5 only
    d) All of the above
    Ans. (b)
    Explanation:
    Joint Military Exercises –
    Exercise KHANJAR : Kyrgyzstan
    SAMPRITI : Bangladesh
    AGNI WARRIOR: Singapore
    Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=159470

     

    Q.5) Gilgit Baltistan, which was sometimes in the news, it borders to which of the following:
    1. China
    2. Afghanistan
    3. Kyrgyzstan
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 3 only
    c) 2 and 3 only
    d) 1,2 and 3
    Ans. (a)
    Explanation: Gilgit-Baltistan is treated as a separate geographical entity by Pakistan. It has a regional Assembly and an elected Chief Minister. It is believed that China’s concerns about its unsettled status prompted the move, which could signal a historic shift in the country’s position on the future of the wider Kashmir region.
    Titbits: It is located in the northern Pakistan. It borders China in the North, Afghanistan in the west, Tajikistan in the north west and Kashmir in the south east. Gilgit-Baltistan is home to five of the “eight-thousanders” and to more than fifty peaks above 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). Three of the world’s longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan.
    Source: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/gilgit-baltistan-to-be-declared-a-province/article17469402.ece

     

    Q.6) In India, deficit financing is used for raising resources for (CSP-2013)
    A. economic development
    B. redemption of public debt
    C. adjusting the balance of payments
    D. reducing the foreign debt
    Answer: Option A
    Deficit financing refers to the difference between expenditure and receipts. In public finance, it means the govt. is spending more than what it is earning. Deficit financing is a necessary evil in a welfare state as the states often fail to generate tax revenue which is sufficient enough to take care of the expenditure of the state. The basic intention behind deficit financing is to provide the necessary impetus to economic growth by artificial means.

     

    Q.7) Which of the following characterizes/ characterize the people of Indus Civilization?
    1. They possessed great palaces and temples.
    2. They worshipped both male and female deities.
    3. They employed horse­drawn chariots in warfare.
    Select the correct statement/ statements using the codes given below. (CSP-2013)
    A. 1 and 2 only
    B. 2 only
    C. 1, 2 and 3
    D. None of the statements given above is correct
    Answer: Option B
    Source: 11th old Ancient NCERT BY R S SHARMA

     

    Q.8) Which of the following diseases can be transmitted from one person to another through tattooing?
    1. Chikungunya
    2. Hepatitis B
    3. HIV­AIDS
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below. (CSP-2013)
    A. 1 only
    B. 2 and 3 only
    C. 1 and 3 only
    D. 1, 2 and 3
    Answer: Option B
    Currently there are some 200 communicable diseases that can be transmitted through tattooing.Hepatitis B:- Hepatitis B and C can lead to serious, permanent liver damage and are known to be transmittable through tattooing. Hepatitis can survive outside its host for up to two weeks and can resists most normal forms of disinfection. Also, studies show that the ratio of hepatitis transmission through accidental needle stick is much greater than that of HIV.
    About one in five as opposed to one in 200 for HIV.HIV/AIDS:- The term needle in tattooing is a misnomer since tattoos are not applied by needles but rather with pins. A needle is typically a hollow core implement that is used primarily for intravenous injections such as a syringe or IV needle. Tattoo ‘needles’ are solid core and push the ink into the skin rather than inject it. This requires that the ink, and any contaminated blood mixed with it, must adhere to the outside surface of the pins causing the virus to come into contact with the open air.
    Source: NCERT – Science


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  • Profile photo of Namrata Rai Namrata Rai @namrata-rai

    @discuss – hi..:) Would it be possible to attach maps for greater clarity? It would be very helpful.

    • Profile photo of Arun Muradnar Arun Muradnar @arunmuradnar65

      Hi, Namrata
      Yes, sure. We would like to work on maps, as 1-2 questions can directly asked in prelims.
      I’ll provide it in solutions.

  • Profile photo of Sharanya Sharanya @sharanya-raju

    1.D
    2.C
    3.C
    4.C
    5.A
    6.A
    7.B
    8.B

  • Profile photo of Deepak zangaruche Deepak zangaruche @deepak-zangaruche

    1.D
    2.C
    3.C
    4.
    5.C
    6.C
    7.C
    8.B

  • Profile photo of Ishaan Ishaan @shaabaz-imam

    1-D
    2-C
    3-C
    4-B(agni warrior- india- singapur, khanjar india kyrgystan .samprati – with bangladesh.
    5-A
    6-A(Deficit financing is a pragmatic tool of economic development and has been used by Indian government to obtain necessary resources to finance the five year plans.)
    7-B( absence of temples and chariot was brought by ARYANS and not use used by IVC people)
    8-B Hepatitis B and HIV are spread via Tattoing
    Chikungunya is not spread via tattooing.

  • Profile photo of Kunal Aggarwal Kunal Aggarwal @kunalaggarwal

    1 – d [Health was to be made a right in Draft policy which has been removed]
    2 – c
    3 – c
    4 – b [SAMPRITI – Bangaldesh, Khanjar – Krygzstan, Agni Warrior – Signapore]
    5 – a
    6 – a
    7 – b
    8 –

  • Profile photo of Saravanan N S Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

    1-D.
    2-C. By WHO. New National health policy proposes to use DALY Index.
    DALY Index = Years lived with disability + Years of life lost.
    3-C
    4-B. Agni Warrior – Singapore , Khanjar – Kyrgyztan ,Sampriti- Bangladesh
    5-A. Pakistan Plan to declare Gilgit Baltistan as fifth province.
    6-A
    7-B. Pasupati Mahadeva , Mother Goddess – worshipped by IVC people.
    8-B

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This topic contains 7 replies, has 8 voices, and was last updated by Profile photo of Arun Muradnar Arun Muradnar 1 month, 1 week ago.



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