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20 Apr 2017 | GS 2 | The most recent data gathered by the National Sample Survey Office on work participation for women in India reveal a sharp decline, primarily due to the NSSO’s conventional measures not accounting for economic activities undertaken by women for the benefit of households.

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  • GS2 ( Education)

     

    The most recent data gathered by the National Sample Survey Office on work participation for women in India reveal a sharp decline, primarily due to the NSSO’s conventional measures not accounting for economic activities undertaken by women for the benefit of households.

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  • Profile photo of Shashwat Mishra Shashwat Mishra @ershashwat08

    In the recent NSSO survey work participation of women declined sharply this must be viewed under following perspectives.

    1. Even though the Job opportunity in India has dropped significantly the household income has increased. This has caused a change in preferences and therefore reduced women participation in subsidiary activities. Due to paucity of jobs the educated women are also unable to find suitable employments. Thus a fall in labour force participation of women is expected.
    2. However, this doesn’t mean that the gross value of economic activity produced by women has reduced. A major problem of accounting of GDP in developing economies is that certain services are always excluded. One such service especially in case of India is household work and childhood care. Household work and childhood care is mostly done by women and it is rarely monetized. Therefore accounting of this substantial service is not done.
    3. When the household work is not quantified in terms of monetary value social alienation of women occurs. Their labour is unpaid and unrecognized. This creates an unjust society skewed against women interests where the theft of her labour is socialized as her “Duty”.
    4. There is a flip side to it too. The labour force participation rate of women is also a strong indicator of financial independence of women. If Household work and Childhood care is accounted by NSSO when the social norms are such that women are not provided monetary compensation for this work, then a distorted picture would emerge. It will be difficult to compare how much economic value a woman produces and owns at a given labour force participation. It would also create difficulty in measuring wage gap between men and women for similar jobs because women will be represented even more unfavorably but not necessarily due to discrimination at work place.

    However, the discounting of Household labour is egregious morally. Therefore there must be an honest attempt to count it in economy accounting so that women of India could get their due.

  • Profile photo of Shashwat Mishra Shashwat Mishra @ershashwat08

    No keyword in the question? I would assume that you mean “Comment.” Moreover sir, Do you really think that somebody would read a 22 page pdf to answer one question especially when one need not read the pdf to answer your question! But I must admit that the pdf was very informative indeed.

This topic contains 2 replies, has 2 voices, and was last updated by Profile photo of Shashwat Mishra Shashwat Mishra 2 months, 1 week ago.



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