20 March 2017 | Prelims Daily with Previous Year Questions & Tikdams

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    Q.1) Consider the following pairs in regard with ‘Elephant reserves’:
    1. Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve : Orissa
    2. Mahanadi Elephant Reserve : Jharkhand
    3. Sambalpur Elephant Reserve : West Bengal
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    a) 1 only
    b) 3 only
    c) 2 and 3 only
    d) 1,2 and 3
    Ans. (a)
    Explanation: Mayurbhanj, Mahanadi and Sambalpur elephant reserves located in Orissa. Recently, Ten of the 14 proposed elephant corridors identified to facilitate unhindered movement of jumbos and prevent their inbreeding have been found viable for restoration in Odisha. Odisha, which houses 70% of the total elephant population in eastern India, is witnessing frequent human-elephant conflicts with 423 elephants perishing since 2011-12 and 421 humans deaths reported during the same period.
    Titbits: Elephants move long distances in search of food and require substantial areas to support their ecological needs. The wildlife wing of the State forest department says habitat loss, expansion of human habitation and fragmentation of traditional elephant corridors have forced elephants to split into a number of metapopulation. To protect elephant habitats, the State government had identified 14 corridors having a cumulative length of 421 km and a total area of 870.6 sq km.
    Source: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/ten-elephant-corridors-in-odisha-viable-for-restoration/article17524252.ece

     

    Q.2) Consider the following statements in regard with ‘International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)’:
    1. It is an international organisation which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru, Karnataka.
    2. It was founded in 1972 by a consortium of organisations convened by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR).
    3. Its charter was signed by the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) and the United Nations Development Programme(UNDP).
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 3 only
    c) 2 and 3 only
    d) 1,2 and 3
    Ans.(b)
    Explanation: ICRISAT is an international organisation which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru, Telangana. It was founded in 1972 by a consortium of organisations convened by the Ford and the Rockefeller foundations. Since its inception, host country India has granted a special status to ICRISAT as a UN Organization operating in the Indian territory making it eligible for special immunities and tax privileges. Titbits: ICRISAT is managed by a full-time Director General functioning under the overall guidance of an international Governing Board. The current Director General is Dr. David Bergvinson. The current chair of the Board is Prof Chandra Madramootoo.
    Titbits: ICAR and ICRISAT, recently signed an agreement in New Delhi, in which climate smart crops, smart food and digitalisation of breeding database were identified as some of the core areas of research.
    Source: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/icrisat-icar-join-hands-for-crop-improvement/article17524946.ece

     

    Q.3) Consider the following statements about ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’:
    1. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation celebrated Swachhta Pakhwada to sensitize and ensure good health and hygiene by providing women and children with awareness on clean and safe environment.
    2. The theme was to spread swachhta awareness with a focus on role of women and children in taking a leadership role for community led sanitation initiatives.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Ans. (b)
    Explanation: The Ministry of Women & Child Development celebrated Swachhta Pakhwada between 1st to 15th March, 2017 through the country along with the International Women’s Day. The main objective of the Swachhta Pakhwada has been ‘cleanliness, inside out’. To sensitize and ensure good health and hygiene by providing women and children with awareness on clean and safe environment, personal health, hygiene and good practices including hand washing on cleanliness, in order to create safe, healthy, clean and green environment.The theme of the Swachhta Pakhwada observed by the WCD Ministry was to spread swachhta awareness and implementation across the country with a focus on role of women and children in taking a leadership role for community led sanitation initiatives. It has been realized that lack of sanitation and hygiene has a far reaching impact on women and children’s health and safety, dignity, education and livelihood, Ms. Leena Nair explained
    Source: http://www.civilsdaily.com/story/ministry-of-health-and-family-welfare-schemes-policies-missions/

     

    Q.4) Consider the following statements about ‘The National Social Security Council (NSC)’
    1. The council co-ordinates between central and State governments, monitor the social security schemes, regulate funds collected for social security schemes.
    2. A National Social Security Council is chaired by the Prime Minister.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2
    Ans. (c)
    Explanation:A National Social Security Council, chaired by the Prime Minister, has been proposed to streamline and make policy on social security schemes related to all the Ministries. Other members would include: Finance Minister, Labour Minister, Health and Family Welfare Minister along with employer and employees’ representatives. The council will co-ordinate between central and State governments, monitor the implementation of social security schemes, regulate funds collected under various social security schemes, among others, according to the proposed labour law.
    Source: http://www.civilsdaily.com/story/labour-reforms-in-india/
    http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/labour-code-to-provide-social-security-cover-to-all-workers/article17523675.ece

     

    Q.5) Recently, National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has established an atmospheric monitoring station in the campus of Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) at
    a) Palampur
    b) Bhopal
    c) New Delhi
    d) Pune
    Ans. (a)
    Explanation: National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has established an atmospheric monitoring station in the campus of Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) at Palampur (H.P.) at an altitude of 1391 m for generating the base data for atmospheric trace species & properties to serve as reference for comparison of polluted atmosphere in India.
    Titbits: The station houses calibrated state-of-the-art-equipment for the continuous measurements of ambient and greenhouse gases (CO, NO, NO2, NH3, SO2, O3, PM1, PM2.5, PM10, hydrocarbons, black-carbon, CO2 & CH4), and weather parameters. Because of Palampur’s pristine air, and the capability of the new monitoring station for detection of small amounts of pollutants, the impact of faraway pollution sources can be measured precisely.
    Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=159487

     

    Q.6) Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine? (CSP-2013)
    1. The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance.
    2. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.
    3. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    A. 1 only
    B. 2 and 3 only
    C. 1 and 3 only
    D. 1, 2 and 3
    Answer: Option D
    Explanation: The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended. “Swadhyay Paramam Tap” According to Jain doctrines Penance washes away all the blemishes and purges the soul of all karmic matter. Also, according to Jainism, Karma is the bane of the soul. Karma not only encompasses the causality of transmigration but it is also conceived as an extremely subtle matter which infiltrates the soul, obscuring its natural, transparent, pure qualities. Karma is thought of as a ki nd of polluti on that taint s the soul wi th various colors. Based on its karma, a soul undergoes transmigration and reincarnation in various states of existence like heavens or hells or as humans or animals.
    Source: Art and Culture – NCERT 11th or NIOS

     

    Q.7) Which one of the following terms describes not only the physical space occupied by an organism, but also its functional role in the community of organisms? (CSP-2013)
    A. Ecotone
    B. Ecological niche
    C. Habitat
    D. Home range
    Answer: Option B
    Explanation: The ecological niche is the ecological role and space that an organism fills in an ecosystem.The ecological niche involves both the place where an organism lives and the roles that an organism does in its habitat. For example, the ecological niche of a sunflower growing in the backyard includes absorbing light, water and nutrients (for photosynthesis), providing shelter and food for other organisms (e.g. bees, ants, etc.), and giving off oxygen into the atmosphere.
    Source: Environment – NCERT, ShankarIAS

     

    Q.8) Photochemical smog is a resultant of the reaction among (CSP-2013)
    A. NO2, 03 and peroxyacetyl nitrate in the presence of sunlight
    B. CO, 02 and peroxyacetyl nitrate in the presence of sunlight
    C. CO, CO2 and N02 at low temperature
    D. High concentration of N02, O3 and CO in the evening
    Answer: Option A
    Major Chemical Pollutants in Photochemical Smog: -1)Nitrogen Oxides(NO and NO2)2)Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) 3)Ozone (O3) 4)Peroxyacetyl Nitrates (PAN)
    Source: NCERT – Science


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  • Profile photo of Deepak zangaruche Deepak zangaruche @deepak-zangaruche

    1.A
    2.
    3.C
    4.C
    5.B

  • Profile photo of Abhishek Abhishek @abhishekbot

    1-a
    2-b
    3-b
    4-c
    5-a
    6-b
    7-b
    8-a

  • Profile photo of Saravanan N S Saravanan N S @saravanan-ns

    1-A. Mahanadi ER- Odisha , Sambalpur ER- Odisha
    2-B. Patancheru in Hyderabad. Consortium led by Ford and Rockfeller foundation. ICRISAT has presence in India, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria,Kenya, Malawi.
    3-B. By Ministry of Women and Child Dev
    4-C
    5-A. Palampur in Himachal Pradesh. For background data on Pollution which can be accessed by Pollution control boards.
    6-D. Annihilating Karma known as Nirjara through Tapas ( 6 External Bahaya Tapa + 6 Internal Abhyandara Tapa ) , austerities and Penance.
    7-B
    8-A.

  • Profile photo of Ishaan Ishaan @shaabaz-imam

    1-A(its centrally sposored scheme under goi)
    2-B(GOD SAVE ME- pettenhcheru hyderabad)
    3-B
    4-c
    5-a
    6-d
    7-b
    8-a

  • Profile photo of Kunal Aggarwal Kunal Aggarwal @kunalaggarwal

    1 – a
    2 – b [Patancheru is in Hyderabad and the consortium was convened by Ford and Rockefeller foundations]
    3 – b [It was celebrated by WCD Ministry]
    4 – c [Under new social security policy]
    5 – a
    6 – b [Guess. I don’t think Jainism practice penance]
    7 – b
    8 –

  • Profile photo of Anil Anil @anil-hembrom

    1-NONE (All the mentioned Elephant Reserve are in Odisha)
    2-
    3-b (Organised by Ministry of WCD)
    4-c
    5-a (in Palampur, Himachal Pradesh)
    6-d
    7-b
    8-a

    • Profile photo of Anil Anil @anil-hembrom

      1-a

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This topic contains 7 replies, has 7 voices, and was last updated by Profile photo of Deepak zangaruche Deepak zangaruche 3 days, 4 hours ago.



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