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[Official] Sociology Optional | IAS Mains | Daily Initiative 3

Profile photo of Aman chauhan Aman chauhan
  • Click here for part 1 of this thread

    Click here for part 2 of this thread.

    Hey guys , many of us are already honing our tikdams for prelims and mains answer writing skills with help of Civilsdaily.

    But ,one more essential part of our preparation is mastering our optional subject .It is not possible to succeed in Mains exam without having a good command over the optional and what else can be simpler to grasp than the science of society(sociology).
    Sociology has 3 parts just like a beautifully written essay An introduction, content and conclusion .

    Introduction

    -What is sociology , methods used ,its difference from other sciences ,etc

    Content

    This is the backbone of sociology .Content of sociology is its Thinkers and their perspectives
    -Karl Marx
    -Max Weber
    -Emile Durkheim
    -Talcot parsons
    -RK Merton
    -GH Mead

    Conclusion

    To relate the content with the institutions of our society like religion , education , political system , etc
    Now everyone can write an essay but to truly ace in the essay we need to master the art of linking the content with a conclusion ,don’t we ?

    So, rather than just mugging up the perspectives of various thinkers we need to comprehend them and apply them wherever we want and we are asked to .

    We will start with the thinkers first as it is the heart and soul of sociology .

    Slowly we will discuss events in our society and try linking them with various perspectives .This way we will be able to tackle the dynamic demand of UPSC.

    We all are beginners and we will make mistakes but that’s how we will learn .

    From 21st October I will start asking questions everyday from Thinkers and first thinker will be Karl Marx (please read about him and his perspectives of society) . This way we will know what we will be answering after a couple of days and prepare accordingly .

    I hope we all write answers and give feedback to grow as a community around science of society.


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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Que 2.

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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Hey gdmng everyone…..
    Kindly review.
    Ques 1

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  • Profile photo of Shyam Jaiswal Shyam Jaiswal @shyamj78

    Any good books for sociology ?

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      @shyamj78 kindly go through the 1st thread. U will get info about books and sources. Some pdfs are also there that will surely help u out……
      Gud luck

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Questions for 18th Jan, 2017
    1)Distinguish between the Social Organization of work in feudal society & in capitalist society. (Mains-2014/15)
    2)Discuss New strategies & initiatives for Rural development in India. (300 words)
    3)How far did the Community Development Projects help in realizing the goals of planned change? Critically examine. (300 words).
    All the Best Guys 🙂

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    @viswaraj05 some of the thinkers clips by mahapatra sir u will get on utube.
    Try to find topic wise probably u may find everythg….

    • Profile photo of Viswa Raj Viswa Raj @viswaraj05

      Thanks for ur advice…how to start sociology optional as beginner

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Hey..
      Look we all here are just the beginners so we aren’t following any particular pattern . Just keep studying by following the schedule. Try to write answers whatever u can write just penned it down. No matters how perfect is it. Just try to write….
      Happy studying
      Gud luck

  • Profile photo of Viswa Raj Viswa Raj @viswaraj05

    Can anybody provide me lecture for sociology optional

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Schedule for Coming weeks (From 17th Jan to 29th January 2017)

    Our target is to cover WORK, ECONOMIC LIFE, AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY from both paper 1 & Paper 2.
    This section includes
    UNIT-6 (PAPER 1): Work & Economic Life
    UNIT-C(ii) (P2): Rural & Agrarian transformation in India
    UNIT-C(iii) (P2): Industrialization & Urbanization in India

    17TH JANUARY 2017
    U-6(P1)(a): Social Organization of work in different types of society
    U-C(ii)(P2)(a): Programmes of Rural Development + Community Development Programmes

    18th JANUARY 2017
    Revision + Answer writing day

    19th JANUARY 2017
    U-6(P1)(b): Formal & Informal Organization of Work.
    U-6(P1)(C): Labour & Society
    U-C(ii)(P2)(a): Cooperatives + Poverty Alleviation Schemes.

    20th JANUARY 2017
    Revision + Answer writing day

    21st JANUARY 2017
    U-C(ii)(Paper 2)(b): Green Revolution & Social Change
    U-C(ii)(Paper 2)(c): Changing modes of production in Indian Agriculture
    NCERT Revision of Ch.1: Sociology & Society

    22nd JANUARY 2017
    Revision + Answer writing day

    23rd JANUARY 2017
    U-C(ii)(Paper 2)(c): Problems of Rural Labour, Bondage, Migration
    U-C(iii)(Paper 2)(a): Evolution of Modern Industry in India
    NCERT Revision of Ch.2: Terms, Concepts & Their use in Sociology

    24th JANUARY 2017
    Revision + Answer writing day

    25th JANUARY 2016
    U-C(iii)(Paper 2)(b): Growth of Urban Settlements in India
    U-C(iii)(Paper 2)(c): Working Class
    U-C(iii)(Paper 2)(d): Informal Sector, Child Labour

    26th JANUARY 2016
    Revision + Answer writing day

    27th JANUARY 2016
    U-C(iii)(Paper 2)(e): Slums & Deprivation in urban areas
    NCERT Ch.4: Culture & Socialization

    28th & 29th January 2016
    Revision + Answer writing day
    OMG! Don’t say this… Let’s do it.
    All The Best 🙂

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Hey rahul we left a few topics in between the sequence
      P2 U-A (ii)-a b c d
      U-B (i) (iii) (v) (vi)
      U- C (i)
      So will these be included in coming topics????

    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      Actually I have divided the whole topic into sections. By Sections I mean related topics & Independent topics. In this way the whole syllabus have been divided into 8 Sections. Don’t worry those topics are put under different section according to their relatedness.
      We will cover them in due course of time. Hope it helps.

      Today we have Started Section 2. This is for your reference. 🙂

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Thnku so much… we r nt sayng OMG…
      Dont worry😆
      Will surely cover in tym…

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Hey sociology Intelligentsia where u all are disappeared ,when the tym startd to discuss the contemporary social issues…
    Guys plz come forward and share ur valuable views… its required seriously ….
    It’ll be beneficial to all of us.. if u cant write then plz atleast review it will also help u to gain somethingg..
    Thnks..😊

    • Profile photo of Niyathi Rao Niyathi Rao @niyathi-rao

      @kavi exactly. we should start contemporary issues soon.

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Thnku so much…..

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Que 3

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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Que 4

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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Que 1

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    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      Well written. Last conclusion part is highly attractive.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kindly review guys… sorry for the delay

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  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Questions for 15th Jan & 16th Jan, 2017
    1) How does sociology study religion? (NCERT)

    2) Explain How membership, residence pattern and even mode of interaction changes in the family with broader economic, political & cultural changes, for instance migration. (NCERT)

    3)Comment on the factors behind the changing status of women in urban India. (Mains 2016)(Contemporary)

    4) Write short note on features of Caste System.
    All the Best 🙂

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Review plz……
    Guys today in these questions i could not find suitable contemporary examples accordingly so plz suggest me.

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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kindly upload

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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kindly review…

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  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    1) What is the structural structural perspective on the caste system? Is it not an oversimplification to describe the system as a hierarchy of statuses based on the opposition of the pure and impure?

    2) NCERT Question: Identify the different roles and status that you play and are located in. Do you think roles and status change? Discuss when and how they change.

    3) NCERT Question: What have you observed about the stratification system existing in your society? How are individual lives affected by stratification?
    All the Best.

  • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

    Kindly REVIEW. Thanks
    Q1. “Vertical mobility brings structural change even in a closed social system” Comment.
    ANSWER- VERTICAL MOBILITY is defined when an individual or a group of people improve their position in the social hierarchy from one stratum to another. It can be upward, which is desirable or even downward vertical mobility i.e. when one loses his position in society and is downgraded to the nadir.

    STRUCTURAL MOBILITY on the other hand is a kind of vertical mobility which is FORCED i.e. which leads to mobility of a person or group DUE TO STRUCTURAL CHANGES in the STRATIFICATION HIERARCHY itself. Thus the individual concerned has less role to play in this kind of vertical mobility. A very good Example can be when an occupation or position which was highly regarded as prestigious and decorated in the society, slowly becomes not so prestigious and coveted any more.
    VERTICAL MOBILITY BRINGS STRUCTURAL CHANGE EVEN IN THE CLOSED SYSTEM.
    This can be understood by the fact that during the East India Company Rule, The Bengal Army consisted of majority Upper Caste people i.e. Rajputs and Brahmans which were then well known for their Martial skills. But this gradually changed as the British Crown took over by structurally changing this institution of Army and introducing Regiment system – Jats, Sikhs etc which didn’t stress on Caste/Varna etc.

    Thus in this institution of Indian Army we can see that vertical mobility by enlisting into army(of not so upper castes), led to structural changes in the institution – which was a closed one earlier – itself.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

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    • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

      Good point on Marx and Weber and connecting their theories with economy. You could simply have mentioned the Weber’s work i.e Calvinist Asceticism or his book Protestant Ethic and spirit of capitalism.
      Also i think too much assertion on society causing inflation. yes kind of society determines demand and type of economy like agricultural/manufacturing etc but there are other factors at play like govt policies – demonetization for instance which was not in the hand of society.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kiny review…

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  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Again cant upload answers……😦

  • Profile photo of Niyathi Rao Niyathi Rao @niyathi-rao

    KINDLY REVIEW. Thanks in Adv

    Q2.’Soil grows castes,machines make classes’.comment.

    Ans: Caste and class are often intertwined and used in exchange of each other. However,they stem from different backgrounds.
    Indian Society can be understood as segregated on various fronts-ascrption or achieved,closed society with ritual sanctions and particularistic values.
    Caste,however, is native.i.e.it is UNIQUE to India.Most issues of the caste system are still of a class nature.i.e.economic domination v/s deprivation.
    Class is division based on economic and occupational lines. With the industrial revolution and the onset of machines,labour became important.
    working conditions,nature of labour,type of employment drove members to different castes to belong to one class-the working class.
    Example:During 1857 revolt,each regiment consisted of various castes,religions but due to working atmosphere the belonged to the same class.The unified resolve of the class to overthrow the british resulted in the great revolt of 1857.
    There exists class in caste as well. Take for instance Jat kisan sabha. Jat kisan sabha is not just an organisation based to caste,in effect,it is an organisation of peasants.
    MN Srinivas on studying Rampura found that occupational stability on secular dimensions created a dominant caste. eg.Vokkalinga caste
    Andre Beteille noted that a secular change was happening over non-brahmins and economic upliftment brought caste and class together.
    In India, caste and class are part of the same reality.History,culture,social structure of the society have an important role to play.
    In contemporary societies,rise of meritocracy diminishes the role of caste.Caste only remains the truth of our identity based on the past while achieved limits describe the position.

    • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

      Perfect !

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Nicely mentioned . 1857 revoult is good exmple. …. kindly reveiew mine

    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      Actually I was little bit confused with this question but after reading your answer all doubts have been cleared. Keep writing.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Gm everyone….
    Kindky review

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  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Questions for 11th Jan-
    1. “Vertical mobility brings structural change even in a closed social system” Comment.

    2. “The soil grows castes: the machines make classes”. Comment.

    3. Write short note: Sociology and Economics (NCERT Question)
    I will try to post my answer & try to review others as well. All the Best.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kindly review….

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    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Finallly i madee it uploaded…. 😆
      Kindly review guys…

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Anybody plz post answer on A.R Desai…

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    SOCIOLOGY TARGET FOR 9th-15th JANUARY [Mentioned topic can be covered in stipulated time period. 10th Jan has slightly more content that’s why targeted first also enough time is provided for the same. Don’t procrastinate afterwards you wont get time for sociology. DO REVIEW if you are unable to write answer]
    TOPICS-
    Paper 1: (Unit 5) Stratification and Mobility
    Paper 2: Unit B(ii) Caste System;
    Paper 2: Unit B(iv) Social class in India +
    NCERT class 11 (Introducing Sociology)- Ch.1,2,3 +
    COntemporary issue (Triple Talak/Status of women)

    PLAN-
    10th JANUARY
    P1/U5(d): Social Mobility-Open & Closed systems, types of mobility, sources & causes of mobility;
    P2/U(B)(iv) Social CLasses in India
    NCERT Class 11th: Ch.1 (Sociology & Society)

    11th JANUARY = Answer writing day

    12th JANUARY
    P2/U(B)(ii)(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
    NCERT 11th: Ch.2 (Terms, Concepts & their use in Sociology)

    13th JANUARY = AWD

    14th JANUARY
    P2/U(B)(ii)(b) Features of Caste System & (C) Untouchability
    NCERT 11th: Ch.3 (Understanding Social Institutions)
    Contemporary Topic : Triple Talak/Status of women

    15th JANUARY = Revision + AWD
    All these units are liked so by completing this we will complete the STRATIFICATION, CASTE AND CLASS section of our syllabus. After that we will move to WORK, ECONOMIC LIFE, AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY section. We will try to cover the whole syllabus before March end with some revision.
    Do let me know if anybody wants to make any change. Enjoy learning 🙂

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Thnku so much… no need of any change i guess . U perfctly sketched the plan.
      We will definitely cover this in due tym.

  • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

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    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      Well written. mostly the IMA part was quite innovative.

  • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

    Attached
    Kindly review friends.

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    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Very well written…. keep it up.

  • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

    Hey pics are not getting uploaded. Can you help admin? Thanks

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Sanskritisation: This term was coined by MN srinivas . It is briefly defined as a process by which” low “caste or tribe or other groups take over the customs, rituals, beliefs, ideology and style of life of a “upper” and twice born caste.
    The impact of sanskritisation can be seen in language, literature, ideology, music, dance, drama , style of life and rituals.
    He argue that , the sanskritisation of a group was usually the effect of improving their status and position in local caste hierarchy through adoption of names and customs of culturally high placed groups.
    This structural functional perspective is helpful in understanding changes in contemporary Indian society in many following ways:
    1) Exaggerating social mobility: Means the scope of lower caste to move up the social ladder . Generally people start to get accumulated with the upper caste people in order to uplift their own status. Students too starts to like company of upper caste students. it leads to no structural change but only positional change of some individuals.
    2) Accepts the way of uppers caste as superior: The lower caste people thought their own way of living inferior in comparison to them. For instance in Punjab youth got addicted to Drugs by imitating the life style of rich role models(celebrity) and uppers caste people.
    3) Inequality and Exclusion: In order to escape from the atrocities done by uppers caste , they are compelled to change their religion. They wanted to get rid of inequality and Exclusion prevailed. For e.g. In Gujarat 51 dalits converted to Buddhism just for the sake of their future. They were forced to drink cow’s urine and eat cow dung.
    Similarly when any lower caste family shifts to a new place they try to hide their real caste and origin.
    4) Adopting their rights and rituals: There is a practicing of secluding girls and women , adopting dowry practice instead of bride price and practising of discrimination against other groups.
    For e.g. Formerly Purdah system was prevailed within the upper caste only but gradually its being adopted by every other caste.
    In western and northern parts of India dowry was there among upper caste but later on it was accepted by almost every other caste too. Kings used to made gifts to Brahmans but today lower caste too are involved in these rituals.
    In NE regions trials do discrimination to other group of tribes. In Manipur its being done by Nagas.
    4) Adopt high position in society: Earlier high ranks and posts were grabbed by the upper caste only. Whether in the field of education or politics or Business. Today many lower caste overcome these myths. For instance in past years only Brahmans or Vaishyas used too be the toppers in all the high level exams. But last year when Tina dabi cracked the CSE as all India topper, it come up as a ray of hope to the lower caste that they too can become the toppers. Similarly in politics there was no representation of lower caste but when Mayawati come up with her party this gave an opportunity to them too.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Review

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    • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

      @kavi That’s a pretty well structured answer. Now I think mine is kind of sloppy and haphazard 😛

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    @discuss Facing issue in uploading images. Kindly check.

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Guys Questions for 8th & 9th January-
    1)What do you understand by gender? How does it shape ‘male identity’?
    2)Write short note: Ethnicity & Development
    3)Salient features of A.R. Desai’s Marxist Sociology
    4)Contemporary issue Question- Gender inequality & India. Discuss with a sociological perspective.
    @kavigautam From next week onwards we will try to add NCERT Chapters too in our preparation list. Thanks for the advice. All the Best.

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Hey gm everyone….
    I have 1 suggestion, along with the said syllabus plz try to include ncert chapters too accordingly… @rahul-pandey plz have a look…
    Thnks

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    @discuss Problm occuring in posting answers…..

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

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  • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

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    Hey friends.. kindly review my answer for 3rd question for answer writing of 4th/5th Jan. Sorry for posting late but will keep up from now on in a timely manner.

    Thanks

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    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      definition/meaning of Indology is needed. I think apart from that it’s a complete answer. keep writing.

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Very well written. I missed all these in my answer. Will club from urs and one anothers’
      Keep writing….😊

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      U didnt try another questions????

    • Profile photo of Akshay B Akshay B @bahugunaakshay

      Hey thanks. Will do all questions and post together in a while now .
      😃

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Questions for 6th Jan-
    1) Explain Melvin Tumin’s critique related to the theory of social stratification. (200 words)
    2) “According to Max Weber, ‘Class’ and ‘Status’ are two different dimensions of power”. Discuss. (200 words)
    3) How far is the structural functional perspective helpful in understanding changes in contemporary Indian society. (200 words)
    We can post our answer till midnight of 7th January or further as well. One request from sociology enthusiasts – Guys kindly do participate. If more & more people will participate than we will get diverse views on contemporary topics of paper 2, which will enrich our knowledge base. Also help us to reproduce in the examination hall. Kindly motivate us by reviewing or posting your answer. All d best.

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Anyone plz tell me the core concept of que 3….
      Is this asking changing stratification???

    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      @kavigautam Question 3 talks about Structural Functionalism (M. N. Srinivas) [Paper-2 Unit-A (Introducing Indian Society) (i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society: Structural Functionalism by M.N Srinivas]

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Ohk lets tryy.thnks

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

    Plan for this week-
    3/1/2017 – Paper 1: Unit 5(a) COncept-equality, inequality, hierarchy exclusion, poverty & deprivation + Paper 2: Unit A(i)(a) Indology (GS Ghurye)
    4/1/2017 – Answer writing
    5/1/2017 – Paper 1: Unit 5(b) + Paper 2 Unit A(i)(b)
    6/1/2017 – Answer writing day
    7/1/2017 – Paper 1: Unit 5(c) + Paper 2 Unit A(i)(c)
    8/1/2017 – Answer writing day + Contemporary topic(Paper:2)- Gender Inequality (Missing Girls)

  • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

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  • Profile photo of Sooraj Pandey Sooraj Pandey @pandeysooraj369

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    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Very well written… kindly try to add more and more examples..

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kindly review…..

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    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      Superb. Actually I thought this is going to be the difficult question because of its contemporary nature but you have managed it beautifully. I was expecting a positive conclusion as our govt is devoting more effort & time in this (issue of equality & social justice) and the question too asking to examine the same. Anyways this answer deserves 5.5/10 (This is just my personal view)

    • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

      Thnku so much …..
      If u have tried then plz upload ans 3..

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Oh am so sorry its repetitive uploading done…
    Correct sequence is 3,1,4,2.
    Plz ignore the last 4 snippets….
    Thnku..

  • Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam @kavigautam

    Kindly review

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    • Profile photo of Rahul Pandey Rahul Pandey @rahul-pandey

      Here in answer 3, I think you have just explained the contributions of GS Ghurye which is not been asked. Question is “Write a short note on Indological perspective of G.S. Ghurye”. your focus area in this question should be Indology of Ghurye, not ghurye itself.

  • Profile photo of Discuss Discuss @discuss

    This is the new socio optional thread, since the old one had grown too big. The old thread can be accessed here – http://www.civilsdaily.com/topic/official-sociology-optional-ias-mains-daily-initiative-ii (link also given at top of this post)

This topic contains 75 replies, has 9 voices, and was last updated by Profile photo of Kavi Gautam Kavi Gautam 8 hours, 37 minutes ago.



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