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Civilsdaily’s Faculty’s article published in Indian express. A must-read for Civil Services Aspirants.

Join Economic Survey and Budget 2019 | Advanced Program Click here

Join Demystifying Economics- Core & Current Affairs Buildup Lecture Series 2020  Click here

2020 – Mains Essentials Program . Click here to enrol now! 

Prime Prelims TS 2020 Barch 3 Time Table

Click here to Enroll for the Samachar Manthan Yearly 2019-2020

Economics is one of the primary Pillars of UPSC preparation. It has substantial weightage in Prelims and also in  GS 3rd paper of mains. To ensure that students build  a strong foundation and  a strong hold over the subject, we at Civilsdaily, have the best and most trusted faculty, Himanshu Arora Sir.

Credentials of Himanshu Sir-

  • MPhil Economics (JNU)
  • Works at Prime Minister Economic Advisory Council
  • Writes regularly in various famous Indian and international weeklies like Millenium post and Huffington Post.
  • Worked as Assistant Professor in Delhi University.

Here is the article by Himanshu Sir  that was published today in  Financial express

https://www.financialexpress.com/opinion/big-bank-theory-psu-banks-merger-must-be-followed-by-good-governance/1714342/

Big Bank Theory: PSU banks merger must be followed by good governance

By Himanshu Arora

The government has unveiled a mega plan to merge 10 public sector banks (PSBs) into four, thereby reducing the number of state-owned banks from 18 to 12.

Under the consolidation process, the Oriental Bank of Commerce and the United Bank of India will be merged in the Punjab National Bank; the Syndicate Bank with the Canara bank; the Andhra Bank and the Corporation Bank with the Union Bank of India; and the Allahabad Bank with the Indian Bank. The aim is to create next-generation financial institutions with stronger balance sheets and bigger lending appetite.

The proposal to merge poorly-managed banks with well-governed ones has been recommended by numerous committees since the 1990s. A committee under the chairmanship of M Narasimhan recommended the number of PSBs be reduced and 3-4 large banks should be developed as international banks. The report envisaged a three-tier system with 3-4 large banks at the top, 8-10 banks having nationwide presence catering to the needs of industrial and infrastructural sectors, and a large number of regional rural and local banks focusing on agriculture and rural sector.

Experts believe that reducing the number of state-owned banks will improve the collective performance of the banking system. It will bring economies of scale through optimal use of capital and resources, and ensure higher technical efficiency with higher profitability. The additional resources can be used in hiring domain experts and enhancing manpower, the absence of which is partly responsible for the NPA crisis. The logic being that bigger and well-managed banks are better equipped to respond to the lobg-term finance needs of industrial and infrastructure sectors. Further, PSBs—under stress due to NPAs—would find themselves adequately capitalised. This is expected to aid the banking sector in restart the lending exercise to the productive sectors.

The next logical step should be to find the right experts who can steer this consolidation—a move that requires a slew of reforms. Governance of PSBs has been a major challenge from the time these banks were nationalised. The Narasimhan committee recommended that banking boards be empowered and adopt a professional corporate strategy.

The problems of PSBs are structural. The merged banks may fail if governance structures are not reformed. This must be addressed. Accordingly, post-merger, the focus should be on effective governance reforms. The roadmap has been provided by the PJ Nayak committee—legal changes to incorporate banks under the Companies Act and the repeal of bank nationalisation Acts, dissolution of government ownership, and setting up of a Bank Investment Company (BIC). The BIC will act as a safety valve and an institutional firewall between the government and bank managements. The process of appointments to top management needs to be professionalised initially through an interim Banks Board Bureau (BBB), and latter through the BIC. BBB was set up, with a mandate to recommend candidates for top-post in state-banks; effectiveness is debatable.

Another issue with the proposed merger is the possible creation of what is known as systematically important institutions, which are too big to fail. Indeed, the State Bank of India was categorised by RBI as a systemically important bank whose failure could trigger a situation of bank runs. If such large banks were to fail due to governance issues, it could impact the economy and bring down the whole financial sector. A similar situation was witnessed during the Global Financial Crisis following the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008, and no country can therefore afford the failure of a big bank. Historical evidence suggests that if such a situation were to arise, the sovereign will be forced to rescue such large banks. The sovereign guarantees at many times encourage reckless behaviour by banks and creates the problem of moral hazard. Therefore, governance reforms along with effective regulation are essential to curb such moral hazard behaviour. It would require RBI to identify systemically important financial institutions from the merged banks and subject them to higher capital requirements.

The proposed merger is a good starting point for reforming the Indian banking system, but must be followed by genuine governance reforms.

 

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 GS 4 Question Paper

Dear Students,

We will be releasing the list of repeated questions from our test series shortly. The paper seemed somewhat straightforward. Many questions were derived from current affairs.

Click here to get in touch and discuss how you can get an edge in your preparation. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are Twelve Questions divided in 2 SectionsAll Questions are Compulsory.

 

SECTION A

Q1.

(a) What are the basic principles of public life? Illustrate any three with suitable examples. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) What do you understand by the term ‘public servant’? Reflect on the expected role of public servant.  (150 words) (10 marks)

Q2.

(a) Effective utilization of public finds is crucial to meet development goals. Critically examine the reasons for under- utilization and mis- utilization of public funds and their implications. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) “Non-performance of duty by a public servant is a form of corruption”. Do you agree with this view? Justify your answer (150 words) (10 marks)

Q3.

(a) What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality? (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? How does it manifest in the public domain? (150 words) (10 marks)

Q4.

(a) Explain the basic principles of citizens’ charter movement and bring out its importance. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) There is a view that the official secrets act is an obstacle to the implementation of Rights to Information act. Do you agree with the view? Discuss (150 words) (10 marks)

Q5.

(a) What do you understand by probity in governance? Based on your understanding of the term, suggest measures for ensuring probity in government. (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) “Emotional Intelligence is the ability to make your emotions work for you instead of against you.” Do you agree with this view? Discuss. (150 words) (10 marks)

Q6. What do each of the following quotations mean to you?

(a) “An unexamined life is not worth living.” – Socrates (150 words) (10 marks)

(b) “A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes.” – M.K.Gandhi (150 words) (10 marks)

(c) “Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home, there is order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.” – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (150 words) (10 marks)

 

SECTION B: Case studies 

Q7. You are the heading the rescue operations in a area affected by severe natural calamity, thousands of people are rendered homeless and deprived of food, drinking water and other basic amenities. Rescue work has been disrupted by heavy rainfall and damaged to supply routes. The local people are seeding with anger against the delayed limited rescue operations. When your team reaches the affected area, the people there heckle and even assault some of the team members. One of your team member is even severely injured. Faced with this crisis some team member plead with you to call off the operations freeing threats to their life.

In such trying circumstances, what will be your response? Examine the qualities of a public servant which will be required to manage the situations. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q8. Honesty and uprightness are the hallmarks of a civil servants. Civil servants possessing these qualities are considered as a back bone of any strong organizations. In line of duty, they take various decisions, at time some become bonafide mistakes. As long as such decisions, are not taken intentionally and do not benefit personally, the officer cannot be said to be guilty. Though such decisions may, at times, lead to unforeseen adverse consequences in the long term.

In the recent past, a few instances have surfaced where in civil servants has been implicated for bonafide mistakes. They have often been prosecuted and even imprisoned. These instances have greatly rattled the moral fiber of the civil servants.

How does this trend affect the functioning of civil services? What measures can be taken to ensure that honest civil servants are not implicated for bonafide mistakes on their part? Justify your answer. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q9. An apparel manufacturing company having large number of women employees was losing sales due to various factors. The company hired a reputed marketing executive, who increased the volume of sales within a short span of time. However, some unconfirmed reports came up regarding his indulgence in sexual harassment at the work place.

 After sometime a women employee launched a formal complaint to the management against the marketing executive about sexually harassing her. Faced with the companies’ indifference, in not taking cognisance of her grievances, she lodged an FIR with police.

 Realizing the sensitivity and gravity of the situation, the company called the women employee to negotiate. In that she was offered a hefty sum of money to withdraw the complaint and the FIR and also give in writing that the marketing executive is not involved in the case.

Identify the ethical issues involved in this case. What options are available to the women employee? (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q10. In a modern democratic polity there is a concept of political executive and permanent executive elected people’s representatives forms the political executive and bureaucracy forms the permanent executive. Ministers frame policy decisions and bureaucrats execute these. In the initial decades after independence, relationship between the permanent executives and the political executives were characterized by mutual understanding, respect, and cooperation, without encroaching upon each other’s domain.

However, in the subsequent decades the situation has changed. There are instances of the political executive insisting upon the permanent executives to follow its agenda. Respect for an appreciation of an upright bureaucrats has declined. There is an increasing tendency among the political executive to get involved in routine administrative matters such as transfers, posting etc. Under this scenario, there is a definitive trend towards ‘politicization of bureaucracy’. The raising materialism and acquisitiveness in social life has also adversely impacted upon the ethical values of both the permanent executive and the political executive.

What are the consequences of this ‘politicization of bureaucracy? Discuss.  (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q11. In one of the districts of a frontier state, narcotics menace has been rampant. This has results in money laundering, mushrooming of poppy farming, arms smuggling and near stalling of education. The system is on the verge of collapse. The situation has been further worsened by unconfirmed reports that local politicians as well as some senior police officers are providing surreptitious patronage to the drug mafia. At that point of time a woman police officer, known for her skills in handling such situations is appointed as superintendent of police to bring the situation to normalcy.

If you are the same police officer, identify the various dimensions of the crisis. Based on your understanding, suggest measures to deal with the crisis. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

Q12. In recent times, there has been an increasing concern in India to develop effective civil service ethics, code of conduct, transparency measures, ethics and integrity systems and anti-corruption agencies. In view of this, there is need being felt to focus on three specific areas, which are directly relevant to the problems of internalizing integrity and ethics in the civil services. These are as follows:

1. Anticipating specific threats to ethical standards and integrity in the civil services,

2. Strengthening the ethical competence of civil servant and

3. Developing administrative processes and practices which promote ethical values and integrity in civil services.

Suggest institutional measures to address the above three issues. (250 words) (20 marks)

 

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 GS 3 Question Paper

 

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 GS 2 Question Paper

Students,

Go ahead and let us know the innovations possible in these questions !

We will be out with solutions soon.

 

 

There are TWENTY questions. Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.

Q1. Do you think Constitution of India does not accept principle of strict separation of powers rather it is based on the principle of ‘checks and balance’? Explain. (10 Marks)

Q2. “The Central Administrative Tribunal which was established for redressal of grievances and complaints by or against central government employees, nowadays is exercising its powers as an independent judicial authority.” Explain. (10 Marks)     

Q3. What are the methods used by the farmer’s organizations to influence the policy-makers in India and how effective are these methods? (10 Marks)

Q4. From the resolution of contentious issues regarding distribution of legislative powers by the courts, ‘Principle of Federal Supremacy’ and ‘Harmonious Construction’ have emerged. Explain. (10 Marks)

Q5. What can France learn from the Indian Constitution’s approach to secularism? (10 Marks)

Q6. Despite Consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive. (10 Marks)  

Q7. There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non-food essential items squeezing their food-budget – Elucidate. (10 marks)

 Q8. Implementation of Information and Communication technology (ICT) based projects/programmes usually suffers in terms of certain vital factors. Identify these factors and suggest measures for their effective implementation. (10 marks)

 Q9. ‘The time has come for India and Japan to build a strong contemporary relationship, one involving global and strategic partnership that will have a great significance for Asia and the world as a whole.’ Comment. (10 marks)

 Q10. ‘Too little cash, too much politics, leaves UNESCO fighting for life.’ Discuss the statement in the light of US’ withdrawal and its accusation of the cultural body as being ‘anti-Israel bias’. (10 marks)

 Q11. On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the representation of people act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification. (15 marks)

 Q12. “Parliament’s power to amend the constitution is a limited power and it cannot be enlarged into absolute power”. In the light of this statement explain whether parliament under article 368 of the constitution can destroy the Basic structure of the constitution by expanding its amending power? (15 marks)

 Q13. “The reservation of seats for women in the institution of local self-government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian political process”. Comment. (15 marks)

Q14. “The Attorney-General is the chief legal adviser and lawyer of the Government of India.” Discuss  (15 Marks)

Q15. Individual parliamentarian’s role as the national law maker is on a decline, which in turn, has adversely impacted the quality of debates and their outcome. Discuss. (15 marks)

Q16. ‘In the context of neo-liberal paradigm of developmental planning, multi-level planning is expected to make operations cost-effective and remove many implementation blockages’- Discuss (15 marks)

Q17. The need for cooperation among various service sectors has been an inherent component of development discourse. Partnership bridges the gap among the sectors. It also sets in motion a culture of ‘collaboration’ and ‘team spirit’. In the light of statements above examine India’s development process. (15 marks)

Q18. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process. Discuss (15 marks)

Q19. “The long sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order.’ Elaborate (15 Marks)

Q20. What introduces friction into the ties between India and United States is that Washington is still unable to find for India a position in its global strategy, which would satisfy India’s national self-esteem and ambitions’. Explain with suitable examples. (15 Marks)

 

 

 

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 GS 1 Question Paper

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UPSC Civil Services Mains 2019 Essay Question Paper

2019 CSM Essay Paper

 

SECTION A

  • 1. Wisdom finds truth
  • 2. Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be
  • 3. Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society
  • 4. Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success

 

SECTION B

  • 5. South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities
  • 6. Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness
  • 7. Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy
  • 8. Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling
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Get ready for upcoming Indian Geography Prelims Test on 21st September- sample questions highlighting our methodology

click here to enroll for the Prime Prelims TS

Dear students,

31st May 2020 is the D-day for all civil service aspirants.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe. “

This quote by Abraham Lincoln clearly sums up how one should prepare for that day. So before entering the battlefield alone should have enough practice. Our Prime Prelims Test series which shall enrich you to acquaint yourself with the pattern of CSE-2020, assess your abilities, rectify your mistakes and make you confident to appear on the examination day.

Our Prime Prelims Test Series follows the same approach as that adopted by UPSC. Our team of experts is quite enriched with the UPSC pattern and focal point of the questions and hence creates more chances for the aspirants to crack civil service examination by appearing our Test Series.

The key philosophy of our prelims TS is Evidence-based question making: The 3600 questions you face in our mocks have their relevance established in UPSC’s trend analysis. We focus on themes that are important as per UPSC so that we maximize your chances of questions overlap with the actual UPSC Prelims.

Thus Indian Geography test contains questions from the following themes:

Indian Physiography; Location (Latitude and Longitude); Northern Mountains; Plains, Peninsular India; Islands of India- 23

Climatic Regions of India and Indian Climate – 18

Agriculture – 9

Classifications of Soils and Problems of Soil and Conservation – 6

Indian Monsoon, Drainage System and Irrigation – 21

Mineral Resources – 5

Vegetation – 9

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks – 9

 

Nothing speaks more than the facts itself rather than a mere jargon. Here is a list of 5 sample questions from the upcoming test which will help you in identifying the standards and approach we follow. (you can skip this if you want to attempt these directly in the test). 

Noone but only you can assess how it will help you in being the top percentile of aspirants. You have to practice ruthlessly and civils Daily provides you with a platform to hone your skills.

Q.1) Consider the following statements:

1. Kashmir valley lies between Great Himalayas and Ladakh range.
2. Jhelum river flows through Kashmir valley.
3. Tsomoriri and Pangong Tso are saltwater lakes found in Ladakh.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 2 Only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 Only
d. All of them

 

Q.2)  Consider the following statements regarding soil formation:

1. Red and yellow soils show strong links to the parent rock.
2. In general, if we travel from the equator towards the pole, we will find an increasing depth of soil profile.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both of them
d. Neither of them

 

Q.3)  The break in the monsoon in various regions of India is due to which of the following reasons?

1. Winds blowing parallel to the west coast.
2. Withdrawal of westerly jet streams from the northern plains.
3. Development of anticyclonic conditions over the northern plains.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 2 only
d. All of them

 

Q.4)  Consider the locations of the following hills in India:

1. Satmala hills
2. Rajmahal hills
3. Maikala hills
4. Ramgarh hills

Which of the following is the correct sequence of above hills from east to west?

a. 2-4-3-1
b. 3-4-2-1
c. 1-2-4-3
d. 2-1-3-4

 

Q.5) Consider the following crops of India:

1. Groundnut
2. Sesamum
3. Pearl millet
4. Barley

Which of the above are predominantly dryland crops?

a. 1 and 4 only
b. 1, 2 and 3 only
c. 2, 3 and 4 only
d. All of them

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It’s only over if you stop trying! #neverquit

Failure’s not a result. It is a step.

Exam is not about finding a perfect strategy. It’s the ability to overcome failures and setbacks. To learn from mistakes and demonstrate the agility to figure out the best path forward.

Set goals. STUDY. love yourself. Rest and relax. Eat right. Smile. Portray positivity. Enjoy life. Care for others.

Above all, Tell yourself you will be able to pull it off.

No one can guarantee you a win. We will guarantee you a fight.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

 


 

 


After numerous conversations with so many aspirants, we have started understanding your problems better and also standardizing solutions for the ones you might face. 

These are being incorporated in our Samanvaya program. It is these practices that will make the program more effective.

At the core of Samanvaya lies the fact that each one of you will have a unique journey while preparing for the exam. Some will get through on the first attempt without much effort while others will take both more time and more effort. We want to understand you better to help you optimize your journey so you can focus on the right things and not waste time on the wrong ones. We are asking you to tap into the valuable experiences of mentors who underwent the same grind and realize the pitfalls and understand the shortcuts to make it.

Samanvaya involves the following –

1. Identifying your weaknesses

Over 80% of students who claimed to have revised NCERTs were unable to answer basic questions. Many were not comfortable with at least 1 GS subject and Optional. Many struggled with ‘What went wrong’ after 2-3 years of hard work.

Our mentors will help you assess your preparedness and suggest accurate strategies.

2. Strategy and study plan discussions

Over 90% of students couldn’t stick to a plan. Study plans and strategies are iterative in nature and we want to help you with that. Many are unable to perform in tests despite preparing hard. This could be due to a variety of factors – lack of adequate prep, jitters in the exam hall, inadequate revision, lack of practice of test series or just a bad day at work. Tell us what you think went wrong and we’ll figure out a way to get you over the line next time.

3. Helping you understand the exam better

Which books to read, different approaches, etc. Over 60% of students we talked to did not find NCERTs relevant and saw no point in being thorough with them.

4. Lack of motivation

We have all had those days when it’s been hard to motivate ourselves to hit the books and just study. It happens to the best of us sometimes and for some of us, it happens more frequently. And it is understandable, Civil Service preparation is a long and often lonely process. Every aspirant, from toppers to those who have quit have been overwhelmed by this process at some point in time. Working alone is monotonous and Help you keep motivated by ensuring you are actively and passively studying every day. Focused telegram groups to foster discussions.

Samanvaya Code of Conduct

  • Be honest with your mentors about your preparation levels and stage.
  • Follow their advice and participate in tests and assignments that they set for you
  • Stay active in the telegram groups, ask doubts, don’t hold yourself back.
  • Don’t expect spoonfeeding. You have to drive the initiative.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

Here’s the feedback that we got from some of our students:


Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

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You have a dream! What now? #beyondthedream

It all starts with a dream. Yes. Nothing is more powerful than a dream. 

Once you have one. Believe in it. Don’t let anyone tell you that it is not possible. Believe that voice inside you that pushes you to achieve this dream. No matter how weak it is. Follow it.

But this is just the start.

You don’t achieve your goals by simply dreaming and believing them. You cannot take it easy and rely on hope.

Quit making excuses, putting it off, complaining about it, dreaming about it, whining about it, crying about it, believing you can’t, worrying if you can, waiting for a right time. Make a plan and get going.

Once you have made your plan – that’s your DAY ONE. From there it only gets tougher. You can always go back to your comfortable, safe, no risk life. Thats not the idea.
Success isn’t given, it is earned. Be it this exam or life beyond. With blood, sweat, and the occasional tear. Be ready !
We dont say luck is not important. But it cant be used as an excuse to prove that clearing the exam can be an accident.

If you have a dream and are fired up. If you believe sweat is the only way forward, we have got your back.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 


 

 


After numerous conversations with so many aspirants, we have started understanding your problems better and also standardizing solutions for the ones you might face. 

These are being incorporated in our Samanvaya program. It is these practices that will make the program more effective.

At the core of Samanvaya lies the fact that each one of you will have a unique journey while preparing for the exam. Some will get through on the first attempt without much effort while others will take both more time and more effort. We want to understand you better to help you optimize your journey so you can focus on the right things and not waste time on the wrong ones. We are asking you to tap into the valuable experiences of mentors who underwent the same grind and realize the pitfalls and understand the shortcuts to make it.

Samanvaya involves the following –

1. Identifying your weaknesses

Over 80% of students who claimed to have revised NCERTs were unable to answer basic questions. Many were not comfortable with at least 1 GS subject and Optional. Many struggled with ‘What went wrong’ after 2-3 years of hard work.

Our mentors will help you assess your preparedness and suggest accurate strategies.

2. Strategy and study plan discussions

Over 90% of students couldn’t stick to a plan. Study plans and strategies are iterative in nature and we want to help you with that. Many are unable to perform in tests despite preparing hard. This could be due to a variety of factors – lack of adequate prep, jitters in the exam hall, inadequate revision, lack of practice of test series or just a bad day at work. Tell us what you think went wrong and we’ll figure out a way to get you over the line next time.

3. Helping you understand the exam better

Which books to read, different approaches, etc. Over 60% of students we talked to did not find NCERTs relevant and saw no point in being thorough with them.

4. Lack of motivation

We have all had those days when it’s been hard to motivate ourselves to hit the books and just study. It happens to the best of us sometimes and for some of us, it happens more frequently. And it is understandable, Civil Service preparation is a long and often lonely process. Every aspirant, from toppers to those who have quit have been overwhelmed by this process at some point in time. Working alone is monotonous and Help you keep motivated by ensuring you are actively and passively studying every day. Focused telegram groups to foster discussions.

Samanvaya Code of Conduct

  • Be honest with your mentors about your preparation levels and stage.
  • Follow their advice and participate in tests and assignments that they set for you
  • Stay active in the telegram groups, ask doubts, don’t hold yourself back.
  • Don’t expect spoonfeeding. You have to drive the initiative.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

Here’s the feedback that we got from some of our students:


Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

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Every topper who cracked the exam was once like you! #pushyourlimits

Toppers are no different from you! 

Yes there are some who are gifted with a better memory. There are some who are sharper at figuring out the exam. There are some who will make you feel like the exam was a piece of cake!

But they don’t have a different DNA. Trust us when we say they are not born, they are made. What matters more is the fighting spirit. If you have it in you. You have a shot at clearing the exam. Period. 

Everything you need is already inside you. There is a fighter in each one of you. Each one. We know this because we have been working with you for quiet sometime now. 

Fight to be better versions of yourselves. Push your limits. Practice, measure, practice measure. See yourself improving. 

If you can push your limits then we can help you get there. Get in touch. 

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

 


 

 


After numerous conversations with so many aspirants, we have started understanding your problems better and also standardizing solutions for the ones you might face. 

These are being incorporated in our Samanvaya program. It is these practices that will make the program more effective.

At the core of Samanvaya lies the fact that each one of you will have a unique journey while preparing for the exam. Some will get through on the first attempt without much effort while others will take both more time and more effort. We want to understand you better to help you optimize your journey so you can focus on the right things and not waste time on the wrong ones. We are asking you to tap into the valuable experiences of mentors who underwent the same grind and realize the pitfalls and understand the shortcuts to make it.

Samanvaya involves the following –

1. Identifying your weaknesses

Over 80% of students who claimed to have revised NCERTs were unable to answer basic questions. Many were not comfortable with at least 1 GS subject and Optional. Many struggled with ‘What went wrong’ after 2-3 years of hard work.

Our mentors will help you assess your preparedness and suggest accurate strategies.

2. Strategy and study plan discussions

Over 90% of students couldn’t stick to a plan. Study plans and strategies are iterative in nature and we want to help you with that. Many are unable to perform in tests despite preparing hard. This could be due to a variety of factors – lack of adequate prep, jitters in the exam hall, inadequate revision, lack of practice of test series or just a bad day at work. Tell us what you think went wrong and we’ll figure out a way to get you over the line next time.

3. Helping you understand the exam better

Which books to read, different approaches, etc. Over 60% of students we talked to did not find NCERTs relevant and saw no point in being thorough with them.

4. Lack of motivation

We have all had those days when it’s been hard to motivate ourselves to hit the books and just study. It happens to the best of us sometimes and for some of us, it happens more frequently. And it is understandable, Civil Service preparation is a long and often lonely process. Every aspirant, from toppers to those who have quit have been overwhelmed by this process at some point in time. Working alone is monotonous and Help you keep motivated by ensuring you are actively and passively studying every day. Focused telegram groups to foster discussions.

Samanvaya Code of Conduct

  • Be honest with your mentors about your preparation levels and stage.
  • Follow their advice and participate in tests and assignments that they set for you
  • Stay active in the telegram groups, ask doubts, don’t hold yourself back.
  • Don’t expect spoonfeeding. You have to drive the initiative.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

Here’s the feedback that we got from some of our students:


Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

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Gs Paper III Indian Economy: Lecture on Balance of Payment Account

 

Join Economic Survey and Budget 2019 | Advanced Program Click here

Join Demystifying Economics- Core & Current Affairs Buildup Lecture Series 2020  Click here

The lecture introduces the candidates to issues related to foreign trade. It discusses key concepts of Balance of the payment account, capital account, current account, current account deficit, Bop deficit, FDI and FII.

 

About the Faculty

Himanshu Arora

MPhil Economics (JNU)

  • Works at Prime Minister Economic Advisory Council
  • Writes regularly in famous Indian and international weekly’s like Millenium post and Huffington post,Indian express, The Hindu.
  • Previously Worked as Assistant Professor in Delhi University
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Announcements

It seems impossible only if you dont work towards it! #yournext

Completed a subject. Was unable to attempt the questions.

Gone through previous year papers. Was clueless.

Referred to multiple topper videos. Couldn’t come up with a sound strategy.

The exam seems like a humongous task. There are over 10 subjects to be prepared many demanding mastery at the level of MA(masters). Then there is work to do on the writing front. 

It is natural to be clueless. It is natural to be directionless. It is natural to be lost. 

But if you can work towards it, one step at a time, things will definitely start to settle in. With each step comes the decision to take another. And you will start getting an idea of how to proceed.

So Keep moving, keep fighting.

You will read 2 irrelevant notes, 1 relevant note – doesn’t matter. You will feel like you are wasting your time – doesn’t matter. 

Move ahead. Pick up something to read every day. Try writing frequently. Get to your next level. This is what the exam is all about – you setting your next milestone and turning into a better version of you!

If you have the will. We have got your back. Fill the form and get in touch with us. Iron out your strategies with us.  

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 


Dear Students, 

As prelims conclude, we have started getting emails, messages of students who have benefitted from our programs.

After numerous conversations with so many aspirants, we have started understanding your problems better and also standardizing solutions for the ones you might face. 

These are being incorporated in our Samanvaya program. It is these practices that will make the program more effective.

At the core of Samanvaya lies the fact that each one of you will have a unique journey while preparing for the exam. Some will get through on the first attempt without much effort while others will take both more time and more effort. We want to understand you better to help you optimize your journey so you can focus on the right things and not waste time on the wrong ones. We are asking you to tap into the valuable experiences of mentors who underwent the same grind and realize the pitfalls and understand the shortcuts to make it.

Samanvaya program involves the following –

1. Identifying your weaknesses

Over 80% of students who claimed to have revised NCERTs were unable to answer basic questions. Many were not comfortable with at least 1 GS subject and Optional. Many struggled with ‘What went wrong’ after 2-3 years of hard work.

Our mentors will help you assess your preparedness and suggest accurate strategies.

2. Strategy and study plan discussions

Over 90% of students couldn’t stick to a plan. Study plans and strategies are iterative in nature and we want to help you with that. Many are unable to perform in tests despite preparing hard. This could be due to a variety of factors – lack of adequate prep, jitters in the exam hall, inadequate revision, lack of practice of test series or just a bad day at work. Tell us what you think went wrong and we’ll figure out a way to get you over the line next time.

3. Helping you understand the exam better

Which books to read, different approaches, etc. Over 60% of students we talked to did not find NCERTs relevant and saw no point in being thorough with them.

4. Lack of motivation

We have all had those days when it’s been hard to motivate ourselves to hit the books and just study. It happens to the best of us sometimes and for some of us, it happens more frequently. And it is understandable, Civil Service preparation is a long and often lonely process. Every aspirant, from toppers to those who have quit have been overwhelmed by this process at some point in time. Working alone is monotonous and Help you keep motivated by ensuring you are actively and passively studying every day. Focused telegram groups to foster discussions.

Samanvaya Code of Conduct

  • Be honest with your mentors about your preparation levels and stage.
  • Follow their advice and participate in tests and assignments that they set for you
  • Stay active in the telegram groups, ask doubts, don’t hold yourself back.
  • Don’t expect spoonfeeding. You have to drive the initiative.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

Here’s the feedback that we got from some of our students:


Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

Categories
Announcements

*IMPORTANT: Foundation 2020- Launch of Batch 3 and Release of Lecture Wise Schedule

Detailed lecture wise Timetable can be obtained from here

Click here to Enroll for the program


Starts September 16th. First lecture on September 16th. 

Note4Students

  • This post includes Date wise lecture schedule for all the subjects.
  • The topics given in the time-table are indicative. The list is not exhaustive. students are expected to refer to books for more detail.

The Foundation 2020 is our most ambitious programme to date. It marks the culmination of our learnings across the 4+ year of our operations and introduces a hitherto unexplored but immensely important layer of abstraction: Identification of your Learning Personas.


Understanding your learning personas is an evolving process and we are upgrading our Samanvaya calls to ensure that our mentors adapt to your learning patterns and provide flexible yet comprehensive strategies.

That said, the execution part of the Foundation 2020 course leaves nothing to chance. It takes care of 100% of your learning & assessment needs in a way that reinforces superior test-taking strategies for desired outcomes.


more details on the brochure


We have prepared this brochure with immense care & love. Please download and go through it for all information regarding:

      • What’s different with Foundation 2020 & rest of the similar programs from other portals
      • Key constituents of Foundation 2020 & their details
      • Quick reference table for pricing
      • The journey of a Foundation 2020 course student (broad timetable and learning outcomes)

 

We at Civilsdaily are committed to helping you in the process of figuring out your learning personalities and creating the best time table and suggesting most relevant strategies for your IAS Prep. Please take 5 minutes to fill up this Samanvaya Form. We will arrange a mentor call for you once this is done.

Click here to enroll for the program 


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Get ready for upcoming Physical and World Geography Prelims Test on 7th September- sample questions highlighting our methodology

click here to enroll for the Prime Prelims TS

Dear students,

31st May 2020 is the D-day for all civil service aspirants.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe. “

This Quote by Abraham Lincoln clearly sums up how one should prepare for that day. So before entering the battlefield alone should have enough practice. Our Prime Prelims Test series which shall enrich you to acquaint yourself with the pattern of CSE-2020, assess your abilities, rectify your mistakes and make you confident to appear on the examination day.

Our Prime Prelims Test Series follows the same approach as that adopted by UPSC. Our team of experts is quite enriched with the UPSC pattern and focal point of the questions and hence creates more chances for the aspirants to crack civil service examination by appearing our Test Series.

The key philosophy of our prelims TS is Evidence-based question making: The 3600 questions you face in our mocks have their relevance established in UPSC’s trend analysis. We focus on themes that are important as per UPSC so that we maximize your chances of questions overlap with the actual UPSC Prelims.

Thus Physical and World Geography test contains questions from the following themes:

Geomorphology – 20

Oceanography – 13

Climatology – 25

Biogeography – 17

Basics – 7

Map Based – 18

 

Nothing speaks more than the facts itself rather than a mere jargon. Here is a list of 5 sample questions from the upcoming test which will help you in identifying the standards and approach we follow. (you can skip this if you want to attempt these directly in the test). 

Noone but only you can assess how it will help you in being the top percentile of aspirants. You have to practice ruthlessly and civils Daily provides you with a platform to hone your skills.

 

Q.1) With reference to the landform ‘Cape’, consider the following statements:

1. It is a headland of a large size extending into a body of water.
2. It is prone to tidal erosion.
3. Cape Comorin lies at the junction of Bay of Bengal and Strait of Malacca.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. All of them

 

Q.2) The atmospheric pressure exerted on earth is due to :

1. Revolution of Earth
2. Gravitational Pull
3. Uneven heating of Earth

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a. 2 only
b. 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. All of them

 

Q.3) Generally, airplanes and jets fly in the stratosphere or upper troposphere. What could be the possible reasons behind it?

1. The amount of air turbulence that flights experience is very less in this region.
2. The vertical flow of winds is less in this region.
3. More stability of the plane as wind speed is very low.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 2 only
d. 3 only

 

Q.4)  Consider the following statements:

1. El Nino Modoki causes warm moist conditions in the Central Pacific and dry cold conditions in Eastern and Western Pacific.
2. El Nino Modoki is conducive to the formation of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both of them
d. Neither of them

Q.5) With reference to Earthquake consider the following statements:

1. It occurs due to the release of energy that has been built up during the stress of increasing the deformation of rocks.
2. Highest concentration of earthquake is found along the convergent boundary zone of the Himalayan belt.
3. Earthquake waves can get amplified when they pass through soft ground or soil.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 and 3 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 1 only
d. 2 and 3 only

Categories
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Samachar Manthan : Why Indian economy is facing a slowdown?

This Short Snippet is Part of Our Samachar Manthan Program.

Click here to Enroll for the Samachar Manthan Yearly 2019-2020

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AWE – Reminder – Enrolments Open for the Month of September

Dear students,

AWE Program is gaining popularity and seeing a lot of participation.    

We request all students to renew their subscription for the upcoming month. Let’s keep the momentum going. 

We are working hard to make the program more featureful, highlight the best answers, show the competency levels of students.

Monthly Rs. 1k + taxes: Click2Join

For more information on how the program proceeds, click here –

 

https://https://www.civilsdaily.com/answer-writing-enhancement//

Categories
Announcements

Get ready for upcoming July Current affairs Prelims Test on 31st August- sample questions highlighting our methodology

click here to enroll for the Prime Prelims TS

Dear students,

31st May 2020 is the D-day for all civil service aspirants.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe. “

This Quote by Abraham Lincoln clearly sums up how one should prepare for that day. So before entering the battlefield alone should have enough practice. Our Prime Prelims Test series which shall enrich you to acquaint yourself with the pattern of CSE-2020, assess your abilities, rectify your mistakes and make you confident to appear on the examination day.

Our Prime Prelims Test Series follows the same approach as that adopted by UPSC. Our team of experts is quite enriched with the UPSC pattern and focal point of the questions and hence creates more chances for the aspirants to crack civil service examination by appearing our Test Series.

The key philosophy of our prelims TS is Evidence-based question making: The 3600 questions you face in our mocks have their relevance established in UPSC’s trend analysis. We focus on themes that are important as per UPSC so that we maximize your chances of questions overlap with the actual UPSC Prelims.

Nothing speaks more than the facts itself rather than a mere jargon. Here is a list of 5 sample questions from the upcoming test which will help you in identifying the standards and approach we follow. (you can skip this if you want to attempt these directly in the test). 

Noone but only you can assess how it will help you in being the top percentile of aspirants. You have to practice ruthlessly and civils Daily provides you with a platform to hone your skills.

 

Q.1)  Consider the following statements with respect to STRIDE Scheme,

1. This scheme aimed at strengthening research culture and innovation in universities and colleges of the country.

2. It is launched by the Ministry of Science & Technology.

3. It is open to selected disciplines for grant upto 1 crore.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.2)  Consider the following statements regarding MOSAiC mission,

1. It will Study the impact of climate change on the Arctic.

2. The focus lies on direct in-situ and ex-situ observations of the climate processes that couple the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, bio-geochemistry and ecosystem.

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY),

1. The Scheme aims to address critical gaps in value chain including infrastructure modernization, traceability, production, productivity,post-harvest and quality control.

2. It will be funded by Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF).

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding JAL JEEVAN MISSION,

1. It aims to ensure HarGharJal (piped water supply) to all rural and urban households by 2024.

2. The Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes.

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Q.5) Consider the following statements regarding Pump Priming,

1. Pump priming is the action taken to stimulate an economy, usually during a recessionary period.

2. It involves pumping small amounts of government funds into a depressed economy to encourage growth.

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Categories
Announcements

Over 30 ‘directives’ or ‘tail words’ and how to tackle them in Mains

UPSC paper setters take a lot of time to frame questions and this is one of the main reasons we don’t find any of the other exams coming remotely closer to UPSC. In such a scenario, not having a deep understanding ‘question directives‘ or ‘tail words‘ can adversely impact your attempt.

Presenting an exhaustive list to help clear all doubts – what do the ‘question directives’ mean from a pure english language perspective? How they can be incorporated in your Mains Answer Writing?

Towards the end, we discuss their practical applicability.


There are 2 kinds of directives – Descriptive directives and Critical directives 

Descriptive directives want you to primarily answer the 4Ws – what, where, who, when. You are representing the situation as it stands, without presenting any analysis or discussion. They want you to provide with information.

Critical directives, on the other hand, want you to go beyond providing information. They want you to analyse and evaluate the issue at hand. A much higher level of skill is clearly needed for attempting critical directives than for descriptive directives. 

Let’s dive in 

Descriptive directives

1. Define

Here, you must outline the precise meaning of the term being referred to. If you don’t have a crisp clear and packed definition, then it will be hard for you to score in this question.

If the definition is contested then make sure you mention that. Mentioning examples to make it clear to the examiner always helps. 

For example, the definition on terrorism, there are many different perspectives. Some say, there is also state sponsored terrorism. Others contest it. Clearly present this in the definition. You need not be an expert. Put it down in your own words.

2. Describe

When describing something, you must provide thorough insight into the main characteristics of the topic in a very objective manner. 

Eg. when asked to describe a policy. You simply have to list the main issues it tries to address and the salient features. (ideally doesn’t want you to )

3. Elaborate

Here, you are required to provide a lot of detail and information on a topic or argument. 

Eg. ‘Although individuals within a representative democracy possess rights, allowing them to lobby parliamentarians and governments concerning pertinent issues, a collective approach can often exert more powerful pressure on decision makers, as well as consolidating a range of similar ideas and opinions into a cohesive format’. Elaborate. (2013)

You are expected to discuss, in detail, with examples and arguments on the idea of pressure groups, lobbying in particular.

4. Explain

‘Explain’ questions expect you to basically clarify a topic. When answering such questions, it helps to imagine you are writing for someone who knows absolutely nothing of the subject. And remember two things. To provide as much detail as possible, and to give definitions for any jargon or key terms when used.

Keep in mind any ‘what’, ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions as this will help you to structure a clear and logically coherent response. Coherence is extremely important in providing explanatory answers.

5. Explore

Needless to say, your answer must be exploratory and thus it is imperative that you adopt a questioning approach when answering such questions. Because of the exploratory nature of such essays, objectivity is key. That is, you should give an overview of all viewpoints before providing any of your own arguments.

A somewhat detached, dispassionate tone can be particularly effective, in contrast to the more assertive, argumentative tone you might adopt for other types of essay question. Just remember that the key objective here is to give a nuanced account of a research topic or argument by examining its composite parts.

>>Simplification based Descriptive directives

6. Clarify/elucidate

This means to provide insight into a subject, and quite literally, provide clarification. For example, this could be done by making an argument or topic more clear by explaining it in simpler terms.

In several of the questions, where the examiners use this directive, they present us with a cause-effect linkage asking us to ‘elucidate’. In such cases, we have to basically bring out the linkage more clearly citing evidence and examples.

Eg. The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Program (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programme. Elucidate

‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenisation but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate. (2018)

7. State/Throw light on

To specify in clear terms the key aspects pertaining to a topic without being overly descriptive. Refer to evidence and examples where appropriate.

Eg. Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. (2018 – 10M)

Approach

Start with a line like Gandhi is regarded as the greatest Indian since Gautama Buddha and the greatest man since Jesus Christ.

Elaborate on the following writing 1-2 lines and you’ll score an 8/10. No need to explain too much and go into the depth too much

1.Truth,

2.Ahimsa – believer in peace and harmony,

3.Satyagraha,

4.Swaraj – Multidimensional concept spanning political, cultural, economic and technological spheres.

5.Dharma – Multidimensional concept meaning many things depending upon the situation – obedience to law, morality, being virtuous, etc.

6.Trusteeship Model – Though a failed model but inspired Corporate Social Responsibility. The best companies in the world invest heavily in social projects.

7.Ram Rajya/ Decentralized polity – Democracy is about giving power to the masses. Debates around strengthening the Panchayati Raj system all based on this ideal.

8.Sarvodaya and Antyodaya

9.Campaign against untouchability

10.Campaign for cleanliness – Inspired swatch bharat.

11.Ethical journalism – Gandhi was a journalist at heart. He published 4 newspapers and used it as a medium to generate awareness.

12.Opposition to western materialism, appreciation for sciences and bringing back spiritualism from our past.

8. Identify

Questions that require you to ‘identify’ something in relation to a topic or argument require you to point out and describe the main ideas in a short and coherent way.

Eg. What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (2018-15M)

Here, you are expected to identify the particular issue that is asked for in the question ie., Industrial corridor locations. Sticking to the keyword is of utmost significance. 

>>Presentation based Descriptive directives

9. Demonstrate/substantiate

The key to tackling ‘demonstrate’ questions is to use several examples, evidence, and logical arguments. Essentially, you are required to show how a particular research topic or argument is valid by using evidence and arguments to support your claim.

You have to build a strong case. 

Similarly substantiate require you to substantiate already proven point and not debating between the various points. 

Eg. ‘Women’s movement in India has not addressed the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. (2018-15M)

10. Enumerate

Specifically asking you to provide details in a point-wise format. 

Eg. Enumerate the provisions of RTI Bill. You are expected to list the provisions. But you should also deal with the analysis aspect of it as to how each provision addresses a particular dimension of transparency/ accountability.

11 Estimate

Measurement of positive & negative of an idea. It doesn’t show exact situation. (Note: No conclusion is written in this type of question).

12. Illustrate

Such an answer will generally involve the use of many examples, such as tables, figures, graphs, or concrete research statistics and evidence. The aim is to use these examples to demonstrate knowledge of the subject of the question and to further explain or clarify your answer.

Eg. What is meant by conflict of interest? Illustrate with examples, the difference between the actual and potential conflicts of interest (2018)

‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.’ Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (2018 – 15marks)

In both the questions, you have to quote examples to explain your points. Examples of how power struggle has aided communalism and how relative deprivation has aided communalism.

13. Outline

outline answer requires you present an organised description of a topic or argument. It is imperative that you provide the main points only (and any important supplementary information) as opposed to focusing on the minor details. Remember to present your answer in a systematic and coherent way.

14. Summarise

When you are asked to summarise or present a summary of a topic, you should give a condensed form of its main points or facts. You must omit all minor details and focus mainly on the key facts. As a result, summaries are typically brief and straight to the point. The key is to get all the main facts across to the reader in as punchy and succinct a manner as possible.

>>Comparative analysis based

These questions are best represented in the form of a table. 

15. Compare

When asked to ‘compare’, you must identify any similarities between two or more subjects of discussion. You can go beyond making a basic comparison by trying to understand the roots of the similarities you identify, as well as their significance.

Furthermore, you may also want to emphasise any differences, although the focus of your essay should be on establishing similarities.

Eg. A question on comparing various land revenue systems in British India is expected to tackle the similar objectives of the mechanisms while also presenting the fine differences between them.

16. Contrast

A ‘contrast’ question expects you to identify differences, not similarities, between subjects. What are the main dissimilarities between two or more subjects? What sets them apart? These are the general questions that you must keep in mind when addressing ‘contrast’ questions.

17. Differentiate

Bring out the differences. 

Eg. How the Indian concept of secularism is different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. (2018)

This is a tricky question in the sense that it wants a comparative analysis but at the same time asks you to deep dive into it by asking you to ‘discuss’. Go through the approach. Parts of it can be captured in a tabular format. 

Approach

Secularism broadly refers to the separation of religion from state and its confinement to the private sphere. It’s a western construct whose roots can be traced back to the treaty of Westphalia which called for state sovereignty and its separation of religion. However, the relationship between religion and states remain complex.

There are 2 prominent models of secularism regarded as western models

1.France –> wall of separation model – which calls for a water-tight separation between the religion and state exists. The state actively tries to confine people’s religion to their private spheres and bans public appearances. Eg. banning burkinis, hijab, etc.

2.USA -> no-preference model – which calls for equal treatment of all religions by the state and no preferential treatment. In USA, you have every right to wear your religion in public.

The version of Indian Secularism has been a matter of intense debate. Secularism is a part of the Preamble and the Constitution calls for no discrimination on the basis of religion. However, it also allows the state to intervene in matters of religion via Art. 25-30. The DPSP for establishing UCC also goes against the principles of Secularism.

Some matters where the state has interfered

1.The Hindu Marriage Act.
2.The Triple Talaq Ban
3.Jallikatu, Temple Entry, etc.
Hence one can see it is neither a wall of separation model nor a no-preference model.

The Indian Secularism can be best described as that of ‘Principled Distance’. The doctrine of Principled Distance allows states to interfere in matters of religion to stop discrimination and ensure that all religion are treated equally.

 


Critical directives 

The following directives require you to provide with a critical analysis. The degree of how critical your answers must be is decided by the specific directives. 

1. Analyse

Questions that ask you to ‘analyse’ a particular topic expect a thorough deconstruction of the subject. In other words, this word requires you to break the topic down into its fundamental parts.

Once you have done this, it’s important that you critically (more on this later) examine each part. You need to use important debates and evidence to look in depth at the arguments for and against, as well as how the parts interconnect. What does the evidence suggest? 

Eg. When you are asked to analyse the relevance of the latest e-commerce policy, you clearly explain the topic in hand, use substantial facts and arguments to argue for and against the topic and give a conclusion.

2. Evaluate

You are required to demonstrate the extent to which you agree with a particular argument or hypothesis.

It is essential to provide information on both sides of the debate. Then you must state your position basing your arguments on the evidence that informed you in arriving at your position.

3. Justify/Advocate

With ‘justify’ question words, you need to explain the basis of your argument by presenting the evidence that informed your outlook in a very convincing way. 

You need to explain why other possible arguments are unsatisfactory as well as why your own particular argument is preferable.

Eg. If a question says that Art 370 completes the integration of Kashmir into India, you are expected to justify any stand you take. You need not toe the line of the question. Just be firm with your argument, strengthen it with evidence and argue for it. Also, prove against why the other side is not true.

4. Review/Examine

An answer to a ‘review’ question word should demonstrate critical examination of a subject or argument. This is done by recapping or summarising the major themes or points in question, and critically discussing them while giving your opinion.

Put another way, ‘review’ questions entail offering your opinion on the validity of the essay question. 

Review answers must demonstrate a high level of analytical skill. The aim is not simply to regurgitate the works of other scholars, but rather to critically analyse these works.

5. Assess

In the case of ‘assess’, you are expected to consider or make an informed judgement about the value, strengths or weakness of an argument, claim or topic. Questions place particular emphasis on weighing all views concerning the essay subject, as opposed to your opinion only. Essentially, you need to convince the reader about the strength of your argument, using research to back up your assessment of the topic is essential. Highlight any limitations to your argument and remember to mention any counter arguments to your position.

6. Discuss

‘Discuss’ question words typically require an in-depth answer that takes into account all aspects of the debate concerning the topic. You must demonstrate reasoning skills with this type of question, by using evidence to make a case for or against a research topic/argument.

Give a detailed examination of the topic by including knowledge of the various perspectives put forward by other scholars in relation to it. What are your thoughts on the subject based on the general debates in the literature? Remember to clearly state your position based on all the evidence you present.

7. Examine

‘Examine’ questions are less exploratory and discursive than some other types of question. They focus instead on asking you to critically examine particular pieces of evidence or facts to inform your analysis.

8. To what extent

In essence, this asks how far you agree with a proposition put forward in the question. This requires a very in-depth assessment of the topic, and especially of the evidence used to present your argument.

Such questions require that you display the extent of your knowledge on a given subject and that you also adopt an analytical style in stating your position. This means that you must consider both sides of the argument, by presenting contrasting pieces of evidence. But ultimately, you must show why a particular set of evidence, or piece of information, is more valid for supporting your answer.

9. Comment

It’s like giving a commentary. Pick out the main points on a subject and give your opinion, reinforcing your point of view using logic and reference to relevant evidence, including any wider reading you have done.

Eg. “Sufis and Medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu/Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment.” (2014)

 


 

Critically evaluate, Critically analyze, Critically Examine

Critical is a strong word and will warrant an assertive response that details the extent to which you agree or disagree with the argument at hand.

The key to tackling these question words is providing ample evidence to support your claims. Ensure that your analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. It is also important that you present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.

State your conclusion clearly and state the reasons for this conclusion, drawing on factors and evidence that informed your perspective. Also try to justify your position in order to present a convincing argument to the reader.

Eg. Critically examine the Supreme Court’s judgement on ‘National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014’ with reference to appointment of judges of higher judiciary in India. (2017)

This question expects you to :

  1. first present the judgement
  2. put forward your opinion on the judgement and substantiate it
  3. Mention the opposite argument and highlight the drawbacks of the argument
  4. Conclude by giving your firm opinion on the topic 

 


The knowledge of these directives is important. But they are not the primary factor to consider while deciding how to pen down your answer. 

If you have a 250 word question asking to ‘illustrate.’ You cant simply provide 2-3 examples and say your job is done. 

You have to deep dive and analyze by providing more examples. It is implied that some analysis is expected as the question follows a lengthy format. 

So, it is important that you understand what is expected from you rather than blindly following the directive. 

These directives can be effective when you have more knowledge about the topic and have enough material to write. In such a scenario, the directives can help you filter the content thats most aligned. 


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2019 – FLTs – Rs. 9K + Taxes. Click here to enrol now!

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Get ready for upcoming Economics Current affairs Prelims Test on 24th August- sample questions highlighting our methodology

click here to enroll for the Prime Prelims TS

Dear students,

31st May 2020 is the D-day for all civil service aspirants.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe. “

This Quote by Abraham Lincoln clearly sums up how one should prepare for that day. So before entering the battlefield alone should have enough practice. Our Prime Prelims Test series which shall enrich you to acquaint yourself with the pattern of CSE-2020, assess your abilities, rectify your mistakes and make you confident to appear on the examination day.

Our Prime Prelims Test Series follows the same approach as that adopted by UPSC. Our team of experts is quite enriched with the UPSC pattern and focal point of the questions and hence creates more chances for the aspirants to crack civil service examination by appearing our Test Series.

The key philosophy of our prelims TS is Evidence-based question making: The 3600 questions you face in our mocks have their relevance established in UPSC’s trend analysis. We focus on themes that are important as per UPSC so that we maximize your chances of questions overlap with the actual UPSC Prelims.

Thus Economics Current affairs test contain questions from the following themes:

External sector -18

Government schemes-13

Agriculture-8

Fiscal policy-10

International economic organisation-12

Banking-11

Monetary policy-8

Indices-6

Industrial sector-4

Infrastructure-7

Capital/financial market-3

 

Nothing speaks more than the facts itself rather than a mere jargon. Here is a list of 5 sample questions from the upcoming test which will help you in identifying the standards and approach we follow. (you can skip this if you want to attempt these directly in the test). 

Noone but only you can assess how it will help you in being the top percentile of aspirants. You have to practice ruthlessly and civils Daily provides you with a platform to hone your skills.

 

Q.1) With reference to the Systemically Important Financial Institutions, consider the following statements:

1. These are institutions whose failure will cause disruption in the wider financial system and economy.

2. These institutions enjoy an implicit sovereign guarantee against failure.

3. In India, RBI has declared only ICICI and SBI banks as domestic systemically important banks .

Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1,2  and 3

 

Q.2) Consider the following statements regarding Capital Conservation Buffer,

1.It is the mandatory capital that financial institutions are required to hold above minimum regulatory requirement.

2. Capital buffers were mandated under the Basel III regulatory reforms.

3. It has been fully implemented in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q.3)  Exchange rate is an important determinant of India’s foreign trade. In this regard which of the following is/are not truewith respect to India?

1. When the real exchange rate is more than the nominal exchange rate, the rupee is said to be undervalued.
2. US FED taper has resulted in appreciation in the rupee thus making Indian exports uncompetitive.
3. A devaluation is said to occur when exchange rate is increased by the government.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 3 only

d) 1,2 and 3

 

Q.4)  Which of the following can reduce the deficit in Balance of Payments?

1. Reducing import custom duties
2. Restrictive monetary policy
3. Appreciation of domestic currency

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1 and 3 only

2 and 3 only

2 only

1 and 2 only