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*IMP: UPSC Civils Services Prelims 2019 Paper 1 – Questions (pdf format)

*UPDATE 1 – We are compiling the solutions. Out of the 50 questions that we’ve gone through, 30 were very close to what we had asked in our Test Series and approximately 45 were from the same theme. We will present this in our upcoming post so you can judge for yourself.


 

Dear students,

The paper for the exam held just now is out. Please check it out. The answers marked are of the candidate and they are not the correct answer.

We will be publishing the key + controversial questions along with expected cut-offs soon. Last year our cutoff predictions were the closest among competitors.

Please pen down the questions you found controversial, general feelings about the paper and how you have handled it.

UPSC CSE 2019 Paper 1

 


 

Previous year cutoffs are as follows. Last year our cutoff was very accurately predicted by us to be between 93-98. We plan to provide a 3-digit range this time.

Category

2018

2017

2016

2015

General

98.00

105.34

116

107.34

OBC

96.66

102.66

110.66

106

SC

84.00

88.66

99.34

94

ST

83.34

88.66

96

91.34

PwBD – 1

73.34

85.34

75.34

90.66

PwBD – 2

53.34

61.34

72.66

76.66

PwBD- 3

40

40

40

40

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Gear up for This week’s Samachar Manthan lecture on 2nd June Sunday

Dear students,

We understand that the UPSC exam is a generalist exam. It’s more important to cover more issues than to cover one issue in more depth. Hence, through Samachar Manthan, we are trying to maintain a fine balance of covering many important news items and having a detailed discussion on selected topics which require the same. On daily basis a news gets repeated multiple times. Scattered knowledge is not adequately useful when you have to write a 200 words answer within 6-7 minutes. To handle this, Samachar manthan covers such issues in a comprehensive and consolidated manner which is the smart strategy.

Benefits of Samachar Manthan

  • Packed 3 – 3.5 hours Weekly videos will focus on news and its importance from both prelims and mains perspective.
  • This program will also help you understand how to utilize current affairs in all your prelims and mains papers.
  • This ideology makes this course the best utilization of your time.
  • Detailed coverage would mean analysis from all the angles like background or history, features, significance, challenges and way forward. Also, multiple sources like epw, diplomat magazine etc will be referred to in the video lectures.
  • Such an approach will help in writing multidimensional answers.
  • Also which part of the topic is important from mains and prelims perspective will also be discussed.
  • Audio Visual Learning is more impactful than simply glancing through the material. So that you are able to retain information for long also interlink with any new information you get.
  • 4 stage structure of Video->Notes->testing->review to perfect your preparation
  • The sequence of video->Notes->testing->review is the best way to ensure maximum retention and a rock solid preparation. Each component of the program has been meticulously crafted.

For example this week, we will be covering the following issues;

Economics
[op-ed snap] Eye on the monsoon
Reserve Bank set to create a specialised supervisory cadre
[op-ed snap] Power under pressure
Ongole Cattle Breed

Enviro & Biodiversity
[pib] ‘Not all animals migrate by choice’ campaign
‘Room for the River’ Project
Species in news: White-throated Rail (or Aldabra Rail)
Anthropocene as Earth’s new epoch

Governance
Taj Mahal: First Indian Heritage Site to Get a Breastfeeding Room
WHO strategy to tackle global snakebite ’emergency’
Elephant Bonds
[pib] Sahara Hostel

International Relations
[op-ed snap] The case for informal regional diplomacy’
[op-ed snap] Moral ambiguity on the Rohingya
[op-ed snap] The IBSA task list
Doctrine of Hot Pursuit
UAE launches ‘Golden Card’ scheme
UNGA resolution demanding UK withdraw from Chagos Archipelago

Polity
United Nations not a State under Article 12: Delhi HC
Decision of Foreigners Tribunal Will Prevail Over NRC Order
[op-ed snap] Being responsive

Science Tech
[pib] Redefined units of measurement of kilogram, Kelvin, mole and ampere
Evidence of water found on Ultima Thule
New plants species with healing properties found in Manipur
[op-ed snap] Eye in the sky: on RISAT-2B
[op-ed snap] Full circle: on the change in kilogram’s definition
ISRO’s new commercial arm NewSpace India officially inaugurated

Security Issues
[op-ed snap] A blueprint for a national security strategy

 

And these issues will be covered in detail

  • Elephant Bonds
  • Strait of hormuz
  • Anthropocene
  •  Informal regional diplomacy
  • RISAT-2B
  • National security strategy

So to be thorough in your preparation and to have an integrated approach, join Samachar Manthan here.

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Prelims Motivation: Conquering the first Bastion

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times

These lines from the tale of two cities resonate with the feelings aspirants are having now. These days are filled with fear, apprehensions, anxiety, the excitement of all kinds. There is this hope of qualifying with good margin and also fear of losing at the first stage.

One thing to know is that each and every aspirant is going through the same ups and downs. This solidarity should give you the assurance that you are not alone and this phase shall pass too.

 

Now coming to the D-day. It’s not over until it’s over. To make most of these remaining days following are some tips which may help you in maximising your output.

  1. Last mile is the hardest mile. Set aside your temptations to read anything new. Have faith in whatever you have read. Revise all your basics, test papers, current affairs, UPSC previous years papers.
  2. Focus on factual lists, facts, reports, festivals, dance, heritage sites, national parks, location on maps. Revision of these is a must 2-3 days before exam. It will help you in gaining 6-8 marks extra.
  3. Don’t pay attention to rumours of question paper pattern, cut-off. No-one knows anything. Stay away from last minute tricks to score or any suggestions which you have not applied before. Be confident in your preparation and strategy.
  4. Take care of your physical and mental health. Avoid eating Junk,outside food, overthinking about your performance. Schedule your timetable so that you are at your mental peak from 9.30 to 11.30 by focused study session during this interval.
  5. Plan your commute in advance. Also, travel with one hour margin to the examination centre. It’s better to wait at the centre than hurrying at the last minute to reach the centre and losing your calm.

On Examination Day

  1. Be well rested.
  2. Keep your stationery. Admit card, ID proof, chocolates, water bottle ready one day before to avoid last minute panic.
  3. Enter the examination hall with immense confidence and mindset that you are well prepared. You will score above your expectations.
  4. At first glance, you may feel like you haven’t heard of the question. Read options carefully then. The answer is in front of you. You need to identify it.
  5. Start filling the bubbles after one hour has passed. Leaving it for the last minute may cost you dearly.
  6. Don’t follow pre-set notions that only these number of questions should be attempted. An easy paper like 2016 will require more attempts and one like 2018 will require lesse number. Paper is same for everyone. You have to be above the cut-off. Take measured risks.
  7. If you feel exhausted during exams, consume chocolate or candy. This boosts your energy levels.
  8. Do not discuss Paper 1 before CSAT. Also, do not be overconfident or overly relaxed in CSAT. Attempt whole paper diligently.

On a parting note, have unflinching faith in your abilities and what you deserve. You will be amazed at the results you get.

 

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Bucks4Bugs: An initiative to reward our sincere test takers

Click here to enroll for the Prelims Prime TS

Dear Students,

Hope you are having a good (moderately tough) time attempting the mocks. We admire the efforts you guys put at maintaining the virtuous cycle of learning and assessments. Nothing comes close to that level of sincerity.

While yours is truly the herculean task of being at the top of your game all the time, there’s a lot that goes under the hood at our end as well. There are many steps involved in topic selection, question creation, selection, review, upload. And then we hold a mock-drill at our end to ensure integrity at all stages.

Despite multiple checks at each level, some questions with minor errors creep in. Regardless, we boast of an error percentage of 0.5%. That’s about 10 times better than the industry standard.

Impressive but not satisfactory. We want to push the boundaries further to ensure our programs are as perfect as they can be.

Recognizing the role of our most sincere students in achieving our aim is very crucial. Hence, we have come up with our own Bucks4Bugs Programme.

Find a bug; Earn a buck.

If you are the first one to comment on a question and your comment is accepted leading to changes, you will win the following amount –

1. Fundamental Error.

Requires the question or the options to be rephrased – Rs. 200

2. Incorrect option selected as correct answer – Rs. 100

3. Explanation Improvement – Rs. 100

Once you clock in Rs. 1000, you will have the option of getting it transferred to your paytm account. Amounts below that have the option of being redeemed against any of our programs.

4. Grammatical Errors – Rs. 50

We believe such a system will encourage students to appear for tests on time and be rigorous with revisions. It immensely benefits us as errors and issues are reported in a systematic manner and that too very quickly.

Click here to enroll for the Prelims Prime TS

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Gear up for This week’s Samachar Manthan lecture on 26th May Sunday

Dear students,

We understand that the UPSC exam is a generalist exam. It’s more important to cover more issues than to cover one issue in more depth. Hence, through Samachar Manthan, we are trying to maintain a fine balance of covering many important news items and having a detailed discussion on selected topics which require the same. On daily basis a news gets repeated multiple times. Scattered knowledge is not adequately useful when you have to write a 200 words answer within 6-7 minutes. To handle this, Samachar manthan covers such issues in a comprehensive and consolidated manner which is the smart strategy.

Benefits of Samachar Manthan

  • Packed 3 – 3.5 hours Weekly videos will focus on news and its importance from both prelims and mains perspective.
  • This program will also help you understand how to utilize current affairs in all your prelims and mains papers.
  • This ideology makes this course the best utilization of your time.
  • Detailed coverage would mean analysis from all the angles like background or history, features, significance, challenges and way forward. Also, multiple sources like epw, diplomat magazine etc will be referred to in the video lectures.
  • Such an approach will help in writing multidimensional answers.
  • Also which part of the topic is important from mains and prelims perspective will also be discussed.
  • Audio Visual Learning is more impactful than simply glancing through the material. So that you are able to retain information for long also interlink with any new information you get.
  • 4 stage structure of Video->Notes->testing->review to perfect your preparation
  • The sequence of video->Notes->testing->review is the best way to ensure maximum retention and a rock solid preparation. Each component of the program has been meticulously crafted.

For example this week, we will be covering the following issues;

Economics 
[op-ed snap] If food prices rise
Services Trade Restrictiveness Index by OECD
[pib] 7th Economic Census 2019
[op-ed snap] Missing demand: on economic slowdown
[op-ed snap] IBC hits and misses
Graphite mining in Arunachal Pradesh
Reserve Bank proposes 24×7 NEFT money transfer
[op-ed snap] Trade troubles
[op-ed snap] External woes
Masala Bonds
RBI asks NBFCs to appoint Chief Risk Officer
Explained: Why an industrial policy is crucial

Enviro & Biodiversity 
DNA database for Indian Rhino
Herbivore census in Gujarat’s Gir forest
Coastal Regulation Zone: How rules for building along coast have evolved
[pib] Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)
[op-ed snap] Facing the climate emergency
[op-ed snap] Green is cool
[pib] Sasakawa Award for Disaster Risk Reduction

Governance 
Global Drug Survey Report 2018
National Institute of Nutrition
International Relations
Explained: Strait of Hormuz — the world’s most important oil artery
[op-ed snap] All out at sea
India signs ‘Christchurch Call to Action’
[op-ed snap] Slippery slope
[op-ed snap]Charting a clear course in the Indo-Pacific

Polity
[op-ed snap] Redactive pricing audit and the CAG’s duties
[op-ed snap] No apology, please
Explained: Article 324 and the special role of Election Commission

Science Tech
NASA’s Artemis to put first woman on Moon
Person in news: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Chang’e-4 Mission
Poly-Di-Ketoenamine (PDK): New plastic that could be fully recycled

Security Issues 
[pib] High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT)

And these issues will be covered in detail

  • Redactive Pricing Audit
  • Strait of hormuz
  • Indo Pacific Vision of India
  • External Trade Troubles
  • Economic Census
  • Climate Challenges

So to be thorough in your preparation and to have an integrated approach, join Samachar Manthan here.

 

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How To Approach the IAS Prelims – Last 10 weeks

 

Prelims is almost here. Preparation would be at full swing. It goes without saying, you have to best utilize these ten weeks to maximize your score in prelims and crack it without any hiccups. As time is of essence, I would not waste any more time on introduction and niceties and come straight to the task at hand. And the task is how to best utilize these last 10 weeks and how to approach prelims paper.

This blog is primarily based on a talk delivered at Visionias. Here I would add to those points and give more examples to drive home the essence of the entire talk.

First thing first, nobody can afford to flunk CSAT paper. There is simply no excuse for flunking that paper. To make sure, you don’t flunk the paper, just solve last 4 years UPSC CSAT papers, match your answers with official answer keys and if you score >90 <24 marks cushion over cutoff to discount for a tough paper and bad day> in all 4 papers, you need not touch CSAT.

If you are scoring <80, you need to do some work. You can decide for yourself what needs to be done if you score b/w 80-90.

With CSAT out of the way and whole game being based on general studies, our task in these last 10 weeks is to organize our studies in such a way that examination feels like an extension of our daily routine and we can score maximum marks.

By now, most of you would already have done at least one reading of all the standard books <NCERTs plus Laxmikant, any one book for modern India, G.C Leong, climatology part, Highlights of budget and Eco survey, Current affairs at least from jan to may and later june>. If not, don’t waste any time and finish these books first.

Before moving forward, I take it that basic books are done.

Now some Do’s and Don’ts

Prioritize – Don’t spend disproportionate time on one or two particular subjects or topics <often aspirants spend too much time on art and culture and Environment and ecology with very poor return on your invested time>. Please remember it’s okay to leave a few questions. No body gets all 100 correct and all the questions are of equal marks. So, if you get easy questions wrong and difficult ones correct, it’s not gonna help you.

For instance, You can not get this question incorrect

To uphold and protect the Sovereignty, Unity and Integrity of India” is a provision made in the

(a) Preamble of the Constitution
(b) Directive Principles of State Policy
(c) Fundamental Rights
(d) Fundamental Duties

Or This

Which one of the following is the best description of the term ‘ecosystem’?

(a) A community of organisms interacting with one another.
(b) That part of the Earth which is inhabited by living organisms.
(c) A community of organisms together with the environment in which they live
(d) The flora and fauna of a geographical area

Or Fortaleza declaration or non plan expenditure, repo rate, Basel Committee, Cabinet Mission Plan, Rowlatt Satyagraha etc.

Marking them incorrect is simply criminal and punishment is 1 year rigorous jail term

But it’s okay if you got this wrong

Kalamkari painting refers to

(a) a hand-painted cotton textile in South India
(b) a handmade drawing on bamboo handicrafts in North-East India
(c) a block-painted woollen cloth in Western Himalayan region of India
(d) a hand-painted decorative silk cloth in North-Western India

Or This

Which of the following has/have been accorded ‘Geographical  Indication’ status?

1. Banaras Brocades and Sarees
2. Rajasthani Daal-Bati-Churma
3. Tirupathi Laddu

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 only
(b) 2 and  3 only
(c) 1 only 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

You just can not remember all the things that have been accorded GI tag. If your guess turn out to be right, well and good, if not, don’t be too livid on yourself.

Always remember not all questions are doable, your 1st aim should be to mark all doable questions correctly.

2. Solving Question papers– Solve at least 2 papers every week till last Sunday of UPSC <1 test series paper and 1 past year UPSC paper>.  There’s no harm in solving 4 papers every week either. You know where to get papers from <you know all about copyrights law enforcement in India, I am not getting paid by coaching industry, wasn’t paid by vision either, no conflict of interest>

Analysis of paper -But just solving isn’t enough. Analyse the paper. Analyse your mistakes. Jot them down in your notebook <doesn’t matter if you have to jot down 80 mistakes>.  You would soon realize there’s pattern to your mistakes. Rectify the though process which makes you commit those mistakes.

Go back to standard books and read the topics which you find yourself weak at and improve upon them.

Demolish the myth of negative marking holding you back– In the question paper itself, mark those questions which you are not 100% or even 80% sure <this 100%, 80% is subjective, we all know> and see if marking them benefits you or harm you. Also you would get the knack of marking dicey options correctly.  <this exercise is very important, as many of the questions which we solve by calculated guesses turn out to be correct but we attribute them to our knowledge while all the wrong ones are attributed to guesses and then we trash this whole exercise of calculated/ informed guessing>

Practice elimination method and informed guessing

For instance, if the question is-

  • Which of the following country is not a member of Mercosur
  • Options are – Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Mexico

Now even if you don’t remember much about Mercosur but could recall reading about it in an article about trading blocks at CD, you would be able to vaguely remember that it had members from South America and Mexico is in central America or North but not in South so this could be the answer.

Very conservatives among you would not mark such options but IMHO, one should definitely mark such options. It’s not tukka, it’s not cheating. It’s calculated/ informed guessing.

But in exam you may develop cold feet while marking such options, hence it;s important you apply this in test papers, see the benefits for yourself and become confident.

Similarly sometimes you would be able to eliminate two options, it’s advisable to mark a tukka b/w the two options <You can do the math of probablity for CSAT>

Consider this question (Pre 2015)

Consider the following statements

1. The Executive Power of the Union of India is vested in the Prime Minister.
2. The Prime Minister is the ex officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Everyone should know that 1st statement is incorrect <if you don’t know this, no need to do PHD in art and culture but immediately go back to Laxmikant>
  • Statement 2 even if you don’t know IMO, you should mark either b or d after doing akkad bakkad bambe bo <you can do the math of probability>

What if you are able to eliminate one option?

You should mark based on your preparation and risk appetite

For instance this question ( Pre 2015)

In the ‘Index of Eight Core Industries’, which one of the following is given the highest weight?

(a) Coal production
(b) Electricity generation
(c) Fertilizer production
(d) Steel production

Anyone with slightest knowledge, commonsense and logic can easily eliminate fertilizer <agriculture’s contribution to GDP <18%, fertilizer ka kitna hoga> with  more logic you can reach to electricity, I applied but reached to steel and my answer turned out to be incorrect <don’t mark in 1/3 if you feel you are comfortable in prelims, no point in going for glory>

In tests as also in exam, read every question and every option carefully. Don’t leave a question even if you don’t have much idea about without reading the options. Apply all your previous knowledge and all the logic at your disposal to see if you can arrive at correct answer or if you can eliminate at least two options.

For instance this question (prelims 2015)

Which one of the following best describes the main objective of ‘Seed Village Concept’?

(a) Encouraging the farmers to use their own farm seeds and discouraging them to buy the seeds from others
(b) Involving the farmers for training in quality seed production and thereby to make available quality seeds to others at appropriate time and affordable cost
(c) Earmarking  some villages exclusively for the production of certified seeds
(d) Identifying the entrepreneurs in village and providing them technology and finance to set up seed companies

Many of you would leave this question just after reading seed village concept. I didn’t have any idea either. But let’s read the options

  • 1st options seems like a BS option. Why should anyone discourage farmers from buying seeds from others if they are of good quality
  • 3rd option, is it even possible to earmark some villages exclusively for seed production i.e leave your animal husbandry, farming, other activities just produce seeds.
  • Now you can choose from b and d. In the exam I chose d which was incorrect but the point I am trying to make is don’t move without reading all the options

Some important red flags which should alert you to the possibility of statement being wrong. In such situations, you should pause and think about that possibility. I am not saying that statement with red flags would always be incorrect, what I am saying is you should pause and think about that possibility.

Such red flags are

  • Broad sweeping statements – all, always, only
  • Unnecessary negative sentence which seems odd or seems logically incorrect
  • Too much over exaggeration

Now I discuss such statements and questions asked in last year’s exam

1. With reference to ‘Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC)’, consider the following statements:

1. It was established very recently in response to incidents of piracy and accidents of oil spills.
2. It is an alliance meant for maritime security only.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Discussion- Look at the statement 2 –Maritime security only. You should observe this and think if it can be false. It’s actually false as this organization has noting to do with security <economy actually>. Also if it had to focus on maritime security only statement could have been, It is an alliance meant for maritime security.  <ye to nhi likha hoga naa that can’t talk about anything except security>

Now look at the statement one – very recently <could it not be recently, it’s a very lame reason actually> but you should think, be skeptic, mark them right if you are sure they are right.

Also statement 1 and 2 contradict each other. Accident of oil spills are not related to maritime security.

Imp.- You should know that this organization is focused on economy and both the statements become incorrect automatically and no such tikdam required

2. With reference to inflation in India, which of the following statements is correct?

(a) Controlling the inflation in India is the responsibility of the Government of India only
(b) The Reserve Bank of India has no role in controlling the inflation
(c) Decreased money circulation helps in controlling the inflation
(d) Increased money circulation helps in controlling the inflation

  • Option 1 only should make you think, <it’s logical that inflation would be the responsibility of both govt and RBI, yes primary responsibility of RBI but even only RBI would be incorrect>
  • Also if statement one is true, two has to be true and both can’t be true simultaneously <single choice answer>
  • Statement c and d are opposite so one has to be true unless money supply has no role in inflation

Note– Very easy question, done your NCERT, solved all economy questions I solved for you in the forum, no need for any tikdam

3. With reference to bio-toilets used by the Indian Railways, consider the following  statements:

1.The decomposition of human waste in the bio-toilets is initiated by a fungal inoculum.
2. Ammonia and water vapour are the only end products in this decomposition which are released into the atmosphere.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option 2- why only water vapour and NH3, why not CO2 and other gases. Stands to reason. Again it should make you think. You should not mark a statement incorrect just because you see only.

Note- I don’t think anyone would remember all the gases which are released so this question is apt to be solved by our tikdam after thinking about the statement

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding National Innovation Foundation-India (NIF)?

1. NIF is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology under the Central Government.
2. NIF is an initiative to strengthen the highly advanced scientific research in India’s premier scientific institutions in collaboration with highly advanced foreign scientific institutions.

Look at the exaggeration in the statement 2. High advanced scientific research with highly advanced foreign institutions. This made me think and I recalled that NIF was actually for grass root level innovation. Again the point is I knew about NIF but I was still going with the flow and marked the option as correct until I focused on exaggeration. So, imp think is stopping and thinking

NOTE- Knowing about NIF was imp. These tikdams work only when you are well prepared.

5. With reference to ‘fly ash’ produced by the power plants using coal as fuel, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Fly ash can be used in the production of bricks for building construction.
2. Fly ash can be used as a replacement for some of the Portland cement concrete.
3. Fly ash is made up of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide only, and does not contain any toxic elements.

Look at the statement 3. Why can’t there be anything else in fly ash? I didn’t know much about that but I thought if that was the case, they should have written made up of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide, what was the need of silly only?

6. With reference to ‘dugong’, a mammal found in India, which of the following statements is/an; correct?

1. It is a herbivorous marine animal.
2. It is found along the entire coast of India.
3. It is given legal protection under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 3 only

Look at the statement 2. It should at least make you think, at least 1 km stretch mein to nhi milta hoga. Now you can say what if the statement was deer is found everywhere in India?? Tikdam is only to stop you and make you consider the other possibility

Some questions where logic can help you

7. Which one of the following issues the ‘Global Economic Prospects’ report periodically?

(a) The Asian Development Bank
(b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
(c) The US Federal Reserve Bank
(d) The World Bank

Global report should be published by a global body, right. You can easily rule out Fed and European Bank. Asian bank can also be ruled out similarly <though there is a possibility of even regional institutions publishing global reports>

8. With reference to the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA), which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is a Public Limited Government Company.
2. It is a Non – Banking Financial Company.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 or 2

Option 1 you can mark correct by name of agency, option 2 if you know it’s function

9. Kalamkari painting refers to

(a) a hand-painted cotton textile in South India
(b) a handmade drawing on bamboo handicrafts in North-East India
(c) a block-painted woollen cloth in Western Himalayan region of India
(d) a hand-painted decorative silk cloth in North-Western India

Kalam means pen, option c is easily incorrect but if you don’t know difficult to mark in 1/3

10. Consider the following statements :

1 The Legislative Council of a State in India can be larger in size than half of the Legislative Assembly of that particular State
2. The Governor of a State nominates the Chairman of Legislative Council of that particular State.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

If you don’t remember the exact provisions, think what would be the purpose of making a law if size could be more than half. If it can be more than half, it can be anything. Provisions are made to limit size (<15% size of CoM, <1/3 size of councils>

Note- Again better to know exact provisions so that tikdam is needed only in difficult questions

11. With reference to Indian economy, consider the following statements:

1. The rate of growth of Real Gross Domestic Product has steadily increased in the last decade.
2. The Gross Domestic Product at  market prices (in rupees) has steadily increased in the last
decade.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c)  Both 1 and 2
(d)  Neither 1 nor 2

I don’t need to say anything about this question. Whether you know anything or not, this question can not be marked incorrect

12. The term ‘IndARC’, sometimes seen in the news, is the name of

(a) an indigenously developed radar system inducted into Indian Defence
(b) India’s satellite to provide services to the countries of Indian Ocean Rim
(c) a scientific establishment set up by India in Antarctic region
(d) India’s underwater observatory to scientifically study the Arctic region

Name se clear hai India and Arctic. option D

13. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is constituted under the

(a) Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
(b) Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
(c) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
(d) Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

Whenever Bt cotton or BT brinjal issue comes up, environment ministry pange karti so obviously EPA

Note– This should be known so no need for tikdam

14. With reference to the Union Government, consider the following  statements 

1. The Department of  Revenue is responsible for the preparation of Union Budget that is presented to the Parliament.
2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the authorization from the Parliament of India.
3.  All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the authorization from the Parliament of India.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Apply all and no principle, think. If you mark it incorrect without thinking, you would be wrong. If you stop and think you would realize statement 2 is correct, If you don’t know you would mark statement 3 also as correct which is a incorrect statement

Moral of the story-  Red flags are to make you stop and think, not for marking indiscriminately

15. With reference to Indian history, which of the following is/are the essential elements of the feudal system?

1. A very strong centralized political authority and a very weak provincial or local political authority
2. Emergence  of administrative structure based on control and possession of land
3. Creation of lord-vassal relationship between the feudal lord and his overlord

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c)  3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Statement 1, see the exaggeration. Very strong, very weak. It’s a red flag. Pause and think. If you think, you would realize it actually makes sense, correct statement but if you mark indiscriminately based on red flags only, you would be in trouble

16. With reference to the art and archaeological history of India, which one among the following was made earliest?

(a) Lingaraja Temple at Bhubneshwar
(b) Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli
(c) Rock-cut Monuments at Mahabalipuram
(d) varaha Image at Udayagiri

Eliminate option 1, temple would not be constructed before rock cut architecture. This is the question, you can mark incorrect. No need to go after such questions. It’s important to focus on high yielding topics.

Some questions from prelims 2014

  1. The scientific view is that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2 °C above pre-industrial level. If the global temperature increases beyond 3 °C above the pre-industrial level, what can be its possible impact/impacts on the world?

1. Terrestrial biosphere tends toward a net carbon source
2. Widespread coral mortality will occur.
3. All the global wetlands will permanently disappear.
4. Cultivation of cereals will not be possible anywhere in the world.

Look at option 3 and 4 <all, anywhere> Pause and think, obviously incorrect

2. Consider the following countries:

1. Denmark
2. Japan
3. Russian Federation
4. United Kingdom
5. United States of America

Which of the above are the members of the ‘Arctic Council ‘?

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 4 and 5
(d) 1, 3 and 5

Everyone would know UK is incorrect. Choice b/w option a and d that is b/w USA and Japan. Even if you don’t know anything tukka laga do

3. Which reference to Agni-IV Missile, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is a surface-to-surface missile.
2. It is fueled by liquid propellant only.
3. It can deliver one-tonne nuclear warheads about 7500 km away.

Statement 2, pause and think, it could be correct also. actually it’s incorrect. Statement 3 is also incorrect <even Agni 5 does not have that much range>

4. With reference to two non-conventional energy sources called ‘coal bed methane’ and ‘shale gas’, consider the following ‘statements:

1. Coal bed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mixture of propane and butane only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks.
2. In India abundant coal bed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found

Look at the statement 1 only, pause and think why only propane and butane. Actually mainly methane hota hai

Similarly statement 2, no shale gas source, not even one? pause and think

5. Consider the following international agreements:

1. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
2. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
3. The World Heritage Convention

Which of the above has / have a bearing on the biodiversity?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2. and 3

Common sense, all 3, statement 1 mentions genetic, statement 2 desert, statement 3 heritage, natural heritage sites

6. What are the significance of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?

  1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
  2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
  3. There is no application of chemical/ inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
  4. The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 only
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Statement 3, no chemicals, none at all, pause and think, this could be true but read the question again practical method. <practical mein to thoda scope hoga hi chemicals ka>

7. Other than poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Ganges River Dolphins?

1. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers
2. Increase in the population of crocodiles in rivers
3. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidentally
4. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop-fields in the vicinity of rivers

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Look at option 2, pause and think, crocodile seriously?

I think, with these examples it would be amply clear that one need to finish basic books, read questions and options carefully, pause and think when red flags so indicate, practice test papers, revise weaker topics etc. etc.

What to do in Exam Hall

  1. Don’t go in the exam hall with any pre-conceived notion of number of questions to be attempted. Attempt as many as you know, make informed guesses, use elimination method, mark where you are able to eliminate two options
  2. Don’t speculate cut off in the exam hall itself. Your task is to maximize your score. 10 extra marks wouldn’t hurt you
  3. Don’t make mistakes in bubbling the circles <keep ample time for that>

What not to do after Prelims 

  1. Don’t engage in futile speculation of cutoff
  2. Don’t try to correct your wrong answers by sending 100 URLs to your friends
  3. Take a few days break and start studying for mains

My prelims marks 

  • 2015 – 142 + 182 <rank 20>
  • 2014 – 125 +157/ 175 <interview, back to square one>
  • 2013 – 118 +192 <interview, back to square one> <2013 and 2014 marks could be +- 2 either side>

P.S. As I have clearly said, there’s no substitute for hard work and studying standard books. Once you are done with them, practicing papers help in knowing our weak areas and taking corrective steps. Red flags and tikdams are like check lists which enable us to pause and rethink and prevent us from making mistakes

P.P.S.  Constructive criticism is welcome but please don’t get personal. Leave a comment if you appreciate the article. Too lazy to leave a comment, just order a pizza for me.

Best Luck


 

From Civilsdaily

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Last minute tips on how to Maximise your scores in Prelims

This lecture is meant to help students relax and overcome anxious thoughts.

Please note down the tips and make sure to practice them.

 

 

We at Civilsdaily are committed to helping you in the process of figuring out your learning personalities and creating the best time table and suggesting most relevant strategies for your IAS Prep. Please take 5 minutes to fill up this Samanvaya Form. We will arrange a mentor call for you once this is done.

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Prime Prelims Test Series 2020 Time Table Released

Click here to download pdf for better visibility Prime Prelims Time Table-2020-Final. 

Enroll now by clicking here. 

Dear students,

As you are aware, UPSC has an exceptionally vast syllabus. And it is a very complex task to come up with a study-plan/time-time table that harmonizes every element and takes into consideration the return on investment on certain topics.

We are hell-bent on simplifying things for you. Hence, we have come up with a plan that you will instantly connect with you and give you a vibe that yes you can do it!

1. Integrated Approach

Preparation for Prelims and Mains is harmonized. You study a subject, attempt prelims tests and then attempt mains tests for the same. This leads to a solid preparation.

Many institutes our there will not able to present an integrated approach. They offer separate timetables for prelims and mains confusing the students further. That’s not the case with us!

2. Simplified Approach

Our Time-table is the easiest to remember and follow. All tests prelims, mains and Samachar Manthan will be held on the weekend.

  • Prelims Tests are held on the 1st and 3rd Saturday of every month.
  • CA Tests are held on the last Saturday of every month.

Simple enough? We thought so.

3. Priority-wise Coverage of subjects

We are starting with the most important subjects from the exam perspective first. These are very predictable + have a very high return on investment. They need to be mastered if one has to have a shot at the exam. Polity, Modern History, and Economics. The lower priority ones follow.

4. Logical Division of Topics

Subjects have been divided into topics that logically fit together. Eg. for Polity we ask you to prepare in 2 parts – first, till Central Government and second, from State Government and beyond. This division is not ad-hoc and does not break the flow of your studies.

5. Base and Advanced Sources

We have divided the sources into 2 parts, Base Sources, and Advanced Sources. Base sources are those which you have to master. You should come to advanced sources only when you are thorough with the Base Sources.

Click here to download pdf for better visibility Prime Prelims Time Table-2020-Final

Enroll now by clicking here. 

We at Civilsdaily are committed to helping you in the process of figuring out your learning personalities and creating the best time table and suggesting most relevant strategies for your IAS Prep. Please take 5 minutes to fill up this Samanvaya Form. We will arrange a mentor call for you once this is done.

 

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SAMANVAYA: Students Preparing for UPSC 2020 > get awesome !

Dear Students, 

After numerous conversations with you all, we have started understanding your problems better and also standardizing solutions for the most generic problems that you might face. 

These are being incorporated in our Samanvaya program. It is these practices that will make the program more effective.

At the core of Samanvaya lies the fact that each one of you will have a unique journey while preparing for the exam. Some will get through on the first attempt without much effort while others will take both more time and more effort. We want to understand you better to help you optimize your journey so you can focus on the right things and not waste time on the wrong ones. We are asking you to tap into the valuable experiences of mentors who underwent the same grind and realize the pitfalls and understand the shortcuts to make it.

Samanvaya program involves the following –

1. Identifying your weaknesses

Over 80% of students who claimed to have revised NCERTs were unable to answer basic questions. Many were not comfortable with at least 1 GS subject and Optional. Many struggled with ‘What went wrong’ after 2-3 years of hard work.

Our mentors will help you assess your preparedness and suggest accurate strategies.

2. Strategy and study plan discussions

Over 90% of students couldn’t stick to a plan. Study plans and strategies are iterative in nature and we want to help you with that. Many are unable to perform in tests despite preparing hard. This could be due to a variety of factors – lack of adequate prep, jitters in the exam hall, inadequate revision, lack of practice of test series or just a bad day at work. Tell us what you think went wrong and we’ll figure out a way to get you over the line next time.

3. Helping you understand the exam better

Which books to read, different approaches, etc. Over 60% of students we talked to did not find NCERTs relevant and saw no point in being thorough with them.

4. Lack of motivation

We have all had those days when it’s been hard to motivate ourselves to hit the books and just study. It happens to the best of us sometimes and for some of us, it happens more frequently. And it is understandable, Civil Service preparation is a long and often lonely process. Every aspirant, from toppers to those who have quit have been overwhelmed by this process at some point in time. Working alone is monotonous and Help you keep motivated by ensuring you are actively and passively studying every day. Focused telegram groups to foster discussions.

Samanvaya Code of Conduct

  • Be honest with your mentors about your preparation levels and stage.
  • Follow their advice and participate in tests and assignments that they set for you
  • Stay active in the telegram groups, ask doubts, don’t hold yourself back.
  • Don’t expect spoonfeeding. You have to drive the initiative.

Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

Here’s the feedback that we got from some of our students:


Click here to fill the form and get a kickstart. 

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Gear up for This week’s Samachar Manthan lecture on 19th May Sunday

Dear students,

We understand that the UPSC exam is a generalist exam. It’s more important to cover more issues than to cover one issue in more depth. Hence, through Samachar Manthan, we are trying to maintain a fine balance of covering many important news items and having a detailed discussion on selected topics which require the same. On daily basis a news gets repeated multiple times. Scattered knowledge is not adequately useful when you have to write a 200 words answer within 6-7 minutes. To handle this, Samachar manthan covers such issues in a comprehensive and consolidated manner which is the smart strategy.

Benefits of Samachar Manthan

  • Packed 3 – 3.5 hours Weekly videos will focus on news and its importance from both prelims and mains perspective.
  • This program will also help you understand how to utilize current affairs in all your prelims and mains papers.
  • This ideology makes this course the best utilization of your time.
  • Detailed coverage would mean analysis from all the angles like background or history, features, significance, challenges and way forward. Also, multiple sources like epw, diplomat magazine etc will be referred to in the video lectures.
  • Such an approach will help in writing multidimensional answers.
  • Also which part of the topic is important from mains and prelims perspective will also be discussed.
  • Audio Visual Learning is more impactful than simply glancing through the material. So that you are able to retain information for long also interlink with any new information you get.
  • 4 stage structure of Video->Notes->testing->review to perfect your preparation
  • The sequence of video->Notes->testing->review is the best way to ensure maximum retention and a rock solid preparation. Each component of the program has been meticulously crafted.

For example this week, we will be covering the following issues;

This Week’s Hottest Stories
Climate Change Impact on India and World- International Reports, Key Observations, etc. (5 Newscards)
Wildlife Conservation Efforts (3 Newscards)
Electoral Reforms In India (3 Newscards)
Indian Navy Updates (2 Newscards)
Judiciary Institutional Issues (2 Newscards)
Foreign Policy Watch: India-United States (2 Newscards)
Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc. (2 Newscards)

Economics
[op-ed snap] Resolving India’s banking crisis
Lakshadweep recruits Barn Owls to fight rodent menace

Enviro & Biodiversity
UK has become the first country to declare a ‘climate emergency’
Global Assessment Report by IPBES
Grizzled Giant Squirrel
Purple frog set to be crowned Kerala’s state amphibian
[op-ed snap] One million species face extinction: Why biodiversity report matters
How China, followed by India, has led greening efforts across world
[op-ed snap] From Idai to Fani

Governance
[op-ed snap] No courts for women
Home Ministry terminates ‘Black List’ of Indian-origin people
WHO for eliminating industrially produced trans fats by 2023
India facing critical shortage of healthcare providers: WHO

International Relations
[op-ed snap] The quest for a military footprint
India re-elected as observer to Arctic Council
[op-ed snap] Taking tensions seriously
[op-ed snap] Loud and clear
[op-ed snap] Endless war
[op-ed snap] A fraught moment: U.S.-China trade war
[op-ed snap] Gulf warning
Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitrary Tribunal

Polity
Zero Pendency Courts Project
Sub-categorization of OBCs
Supreme Court pushes for ‘full’ strength of 31

Science Tech
Sand, a global sustainability challenge: UN report
[op-ed snap] Surveillance wars in space
Indian scientists discover how serotonin helps brain cells cope with stress
NASA spacecraft to hit an asteroid in 2022

Security Issues
Fourth Scorpene-class submarine INS Vela launched
IAF gets first Apache Guardian attack helicopter
Exercise Group Sail

Arts and culture
Thailand’s cultural roots with India
Genetic Study on people of Lakshadweep Islands

 

And these issues will be covered in detail

  • Surveilance war in space
  • Global report on extinction of species
  • Zero pendency court project
  • US china Trade War
  • Instability in Gulf
  • Gender disparity in Courts

So to be thorough in your preparation and to have an integrated approach, join Samachar Manthan here.

 

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Civilsdaily’s Faculty’s article published in Hindu Business Line. A must-read for Civil Services Aspirants.

Economics is one of the primary Pillars of UPSC preparation. It has substantial weightage in Prelims and also in  GS 3rd paper of mains. To ensure that students build  a strong foundation and  a strong hold over the subject, we at Civilsdaily, have the best and most trusted faculty, Himanshu Arora Sir.

Credentials of Himanshu Sir-

  • MPhil Economics (JNU)
  • Works at Prime Minister Economic Advisory Council
  • Writes regularly in various famous Indian and international weeklies like Millenium post and Huffington Post.
  • Worked as Assistant Professor in Delhi University.

Here is the article by Himanshu Sir  that was published today in  Business Line;

US sanctions have rarely worked

Instead of punishing ‘errant’ countries, sanctions inflict serious economic damage on other nations

The US has refused to extend the oil sanction waivers previously extended to seven countries — China, India, Japan, South Korea, Italy, Greece and Turkey — after Donald Trump pulled the US out of the Iran nuclear deal.

The oil waivers were granted as a short-term measure to substitute oil with alternative energy sources and to avoid a global oil shock.

The nuclear deal aka Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), signed in 2015, mandated Iran to reduce its uranium stockpile by 97 per cent, to limit enrichment of uranium only up to 3.67 per cent.

In return, Iran was supposed to receive relief from the economic sanctions imposed on it. The failure of JCPOA and the subsequent imposition of sanctions on Iran and other countries raise an important question — do sanctions work?

History of sanctions

Sanctions were first used in ancient Greece with Pericles Megarian decree of 432 BC in response to the kidnapping of three Aspasian women. Ancient Greece also imposed them during the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). However, they failed to have an impact and the Spartans won the Peloponnesian War.

The US first imposed sanctions on Iran in 1979 in response to the Iranian hostage crisis. The second round of sanctions were imposed in 1983, when an Iranian terrorist group bombed US Marine Corps in Lebanon. The US imposed restrictions on trade particularly oil to weaken Iran’s oil industry and hence its ability to fund terrorists.

The third round of sanctions was in response to Iran’s nuclear proliferation activities. Iran’s nuclear power programmes to weaponise its army have resulted in the passage of Iran and Libya Sanction Act (ILSA) 1996. Along with other trade and financial restrictions, the ILSA prohibits foreign companies to undertake oilfields investment in Iran.

But do sanctions fulfil their purpose of dissuading the target countries from taking a particular action?

To answer that question, we must first understand what sanctions are and how they work. Sanctions are economic instruments that cut off the target country’s economy from rest of the world.

The US regards sanctions as an important weapon in the geopolitical game and President Woodrow Wilson was the first to impose them.

The opponents

But opponents question the efficacy of sanctions especially when imposed unilaterally by a single country. They argue that target countries often shield themselves from the harsh impact and that the costs inflicted on other countries indirectly affected by such sanctions are greater than the benefits derived.

For example, by unilaterally imposing sanctions on Iran, the US is hurting the economies of India, China, Turkey, South Korea and Japan. These sanctions are likely to increase the global crude oil prices affecting the oil importing countries negatively.

Evidence supporting the success of sanctions are few as they have mostly failed to alter the behaviour of the targeted country. The US imposed sanctions on Turkey when it invaded Cyprus in 1974. But Turkish troops remained in Cyprus for more than 30 years despite sanctions. When USSR invaded Afghanistan in 1979, the Carter administration imposed sanctions and a food embargo on it. But the sanctions failed as the Soviet troops remained in Afghanistan till 1989. The sanctions imposed on Saddam Hussein tell a similar story.

Also the US along with Canada, France and Russia had frequently used sanctions in 1970s and 1980s to deter non-nuclear countries from developing nuclear capabilities and force them to comply with nuclear non-proliferation.

In 1974, Canada imposed sanctions on India and Pakistan to deter them from further nuclear explosions, to apply striker nuclear safeguards and forgo reprocessing capability of nuclear fuel that can be used in developing weapons. The US did the same with South Korea and applied financial sanctions to forestall the purchase of a nuclear reprocessing plant.

In the subsequent years, the US imposed sanctions on shipments of nuclear fuel and technology to South Africa, imposed sanctions on Brazil, Argentina, India and Pakistan to make them adhere to nuclear safeguards, multilateral surveillance for nuclear facilities and to prevent the acquisition of nuclear technologies. But these sanctions failed to dissuade South Africa, Brazil, India and Pakistan from becoming nuclear powers.

Multiple episodes of imposition of US sanctions across the world clearly reflect that unilateral sanctions do not really work. Therefore, in the light of historical evidence, the US should rethink its policy of imposing sanctions on Iran given the economic damage it can inflict on nations like India, China, Turkey, South Korea and Japan.

 

Here is the link of the original Article

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/us-sanctions-have-rarely-worked/article27119264.ece

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Foundation 2020 – Study Plan & Time-Table Released

Download PDF for better visibility – Foundation 2020 Master Time Table

Note4Students

  • This post will be followed by Day-wise subject specific plans.
  • The topics given in the time-table are indicative. The list is not exhaustive. students are expected to refer to books for more detail.


Dear students,

As you are aware, UPSC has an exceptionally vast syllabus. And it is a very complex task to come up with a study-plan/time-time table that harmonizes every element and takes into consideration the return on investment on certain topics.

We are hell-bent on simplifying things for you. Hence, we have come up with a plan that you will instantly connect with you and give you a vibe that yes you can do it!

1. Integrated Approach

Preparation for Prelims and Mains is harmonized. You study a subject, attempt prelims tests and then attempt mains tests for the same. This leads to a solid preparation.

Many institutes our there will not able to present an integrated approach. They offer separate timetables for prelims and mains confusing the students further. That’s not the case with us!

2. Simplified Approach

Our Time-table is the easiest to remember and follow. All tests prelims, mains and Samachar Manthan will be held on the weekend.

  • Prelims Tests are held on the 1st and 3rd Saturday of every month.
  • Monthly Current Affairs Tests are held on the last Saturday of every month.
  • Mains Tests are held on the 1st and 3rd Sunday of every month after the subject is complete.
  • Essay Tests are held on the 2nd Sunday of every month.

3. Priority-wise Coverage of subjects

We are starting with the most important subjects from the exam perspective first. These are very predictable + have a very high return on investment. They need to be mastered if one has to have a shot at the exam. Polity, Modern History, and Economics. The lower priority ones follow afterward.

4. Logical Division of Topics

Subjects have been divided into topics that logically fit together. Eg. for Polity we ask you to prepare in 2 parts – first, till Central Government and second, from State Government and beyond. This division is not ad-hoc and does not break the flow of your studies.

5. Base and Advanced Sources

We have divided the sources into 2 parts, Base Sources, and Advanced Sources. Base sources are those which you have to master. You should come to advanced sources only when you are thorough with the Base Sources.

Download PDF for better visibility – Foundation 2020 Master Time Table

We at Civilsdaily are committed to helping you in the process of figuring out your learning personalities and creating the best time table and suggesting most relevant strategies for your IAS Prep. Please take 5 minutes to fill up this Samanvaya Form. We will arrange a mentor call for you once this is done.

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Sneak Peek – Questions from our FLTs and what you are missing out by not enrolling.

Dear students,

We take our Test Series very seriously. There is a rigorous process involved to decide what goes in and what doesn’t. If you have gone through our Nikaalo Prelims initiative, you would see so many questions that are almost impossible to come up from basic books. This is because we go to different lengths to get this done.

Over 500 students who have cleared prelims before are now enrolled in our FLTs via this initiative. *IMP – Free enrolment in our Full-Length Tests for Prelims Qualified Students

We wanted to present before you the questions we’ve prepared.

1. Reverse Engineering of Current Events

UPSC has the habit of asking current affairs oriented questions. We backtrace important questions which can be asked on those events.

Consider the following statements regarding the National Gene Fund,

1. It has been established by the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority.
2. It receives the contribution from National and State Govt. only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


With reference to the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001, consider the following statements.

1. It recognizes and protects the rights of both breeders as well as farmers in relation to the plant varieties.
2. The Act facilitates the protection of only new plant varieties.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Context-  PepsiCo, a US multinational company filed case against potato farmers in Gujarat, with regard to alleged infringement of its rights under Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPVFR) Act 2001.

2. Application Based Question– We in all our test keep the focus on the application based questions in all segments.

Floods caused due to an outburst of glacial lakes is known as Glacial Lakes Outburst Floods (GLOF). Consider the following factors in this regard:

1. Unpredictable monsoon rainfall patterns.
2. Slash and burn type of farming.
3. Earthquake.
4. Black Carbon

Which of the factors given above can trigger glacial lakes outburst floods?

Venus and Uranus undergo retrograde rotation. Which of the following may take place, if Earth also undergoes retrograde rotation?

1. Addition of a day on the crossing of International Date Line from West to
East.
2. Change in direction of rotation of Tropical Cyclones.
3. Reversal of geographical poles of Earth.

Select the correct answer using the code
given below.

 

3. Few out of league questions which cannot be found in standard textbooks.

With reference to Direct Seeded Rice system, consider the following statements:

1. It uses less water than traditional transplanted paddy cultivation.
2. It eliminates the need for weedicides.
3. Its adoption results in increased greenhouse gas emissions.

4. Evidence-based Question making

We have done through analysis of last 6 years prelims papers. We have divided subjects into themes and sub-themes. Our tests include more questions from those themes from which UPSC is asking more questions and fewer questions from those themes which UPSC has ignored in the last 6 years. The Questions at CD are not framed according to the whims and fancies of the content writer. The question framer has to provide objective evidence to the supervisory team about the relevance of the question. He has to prove that similar questions were asked by UPSC in xyz year. The philosophy of our test series is to remain as much close to the UPSC prelims exam as possible both in terms of toughness and Format.

5.Tikdam

Tikdams = तिकड़म = Smart Hacks for IAS Prelims

Tikdams are smart hacks which help you arrive at the right answer with just the basic knowledge. Tikdam Technique is an innovation by Dr. V(AIR 20) and has helped students gain additional marks. Our TS is the only TS that puts a conscious effort to build student’s risk-taking appetite. Our each and every test contains detailed explanation wrt to questions which can be solved using this technique. By perfecting this technique you can easily score 20-30 marks extra in your prelims exam.

Q18. Consider the following pairs:

  Theatre form :       State

  1. Swang                 Haryana
  2. Bidesia                Tamil Nadu
  3. Nautanki              Uttar Pradesh

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

Statement 2 is incorrect.

Originally the theatre form from Haryana, Swang, was mainly music-based. Gradually, prose too played its role in the dialogues. The softness of emotions, accomplishment of rasa along with the development of character can be seen in this theatre form. The two important styles of Swang are from

Rohtak and Haathras. In the style belonging to Rohtak, the language used is Haryanvi (Bangru) and in

Haathras, it is Brajbhasha.

Nautanki is usually associated with Uttar Pradesh. The most popular centres of this traditional theatre

form are Kanpur, Lucknow and Haathras. The meters used in the verses are: Doha, Chaubola, Chhappai,

Behar-e-tabeel. There was a time when only men acted in Nautanki but nowadays, women have also

started taking part in the performances. Among those remembered with reverence is Gulab Bai of Kanpur.

She gave a new dimension to this old theatre form.

Bidesia:The folk theatre form of Bidesiya has originated in the 20th century and has been prevalent in the Bhojpuri-speaking regions of Bihar. Bidesiya is a dance version of Biraha songs and expresses the pain and despair of the women who are left behind by their men, away from home. The male dancers play the roles of female in the Bidesiya folk dance and for the purpose; they wear artificial long hair and dhoti. Despite the fact that many new modes of entertainment has come up, Bidesiya still has its charm amongst the people of Bihar.

Tikdam:

It’s tough to remember the name of all the folk theatre. However using some logic you can easily solve this question. Now closely observe statement 2.

Bidesia.Does it look like a Tamil name? Of Course not. Bidesia sounds like a Bhojpuri name. Once you eliminate statement 2 using this logic, you will automatically arrive at the correct answer without knowing the other 2 statements. 

 


 

Don’t miss out on the program. Get enrolled NOW!   

Join the Endgame : Civilsdaily’s Prelims FLT Program 2019

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Gear up for This week’s Samachar Manthan lecture on 12th May Sunday

Dear students,

We understand that the UPSC exam is a generalist exam. It’s more important to cover more issues than to cover one issue in more depth. Hence, through Samachar Manthan, we are trying to maintain a fine balance of covering many important news items and having a detailed discussion on selected topics which require the same. On daily basis a news gets repeated multiple times. Scattered knowledge is not adequately useful when you have to write a 200 words answer within 6-7 minutes. To handle this, Samachar manthan covers such issues in a comprehensive and consolidated manner which is the smart strategy.

Benefits of Samachar Manthan

  • Packed 3 – 3.5 hours Weekly videos will focus on news and its importance from both prelims and mains perspective.
  • This program will also help you understand how to utilize current affairs in all your prelims and mains papers.
  • This ideology makes this course the best utilization of your time.
  • Detailed coverage would mean analysis from all the angles like background or history, features, significance, challenges and way forward. Also, multiple sources like epw, diplomat magazine etc will be referred to in the video lectures.
  • Such an approach will help in writing multidimensional answers.
  • Also which part of the topic is important from mains and prelims perspective will also be discussed.
  • Audio Visual Learning is more impactful than simply glancing through the material. So that you are able to retain information for long also interlink with any new information you get.
  • 4 stage structure of Video->Notes->testing->review to perfect your preparation
  • The sequence of video->Notes->testing->review is the best way to ensure maximum retention and a rock solid preparation. Each component of the program has been meticulously crafted.

For example this week, we will be covering the following issues;

This Week’s Hottest Stories
Global Geological And Climatic Events(2 Newscards)
Foreign Policy Watch: Cross-Border Terrorism(2 Newscards)
History- Important places, persons in news(2 Newscards)
Climate Change Impact on India and World – International Reports, Key Observations, etc.(2 Newscards)
Delhi Full Statehood Issue(2 Newscards)
RBI Notifications(2 Newscards)
Air Pollution(2 Newscards)
Citizenship and Related Issues(2 Newscards)

Economics
Ishad Mango is under the threat of becoming rare
Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001
Technical Textiles
[op-ed snap] An employment-oriented economic policy
[op-ed snap] Saving BSNL
[op-ed snap] GST buoyancy
[op-ed snap] Boardroom rot

Enviro & Biodiversity
Committee constituted to oversee clean air programme
Indian subcontinent’s collision with Asia boosted oxygen in world’s oceans
Kashmir Stag (Hangul)
Explained: Cyclone Fani- an unusual storm
Explained: Naming of cyclones
Ross Ice Shelf

Governance
[op-ed snap] The cost of antimicrobial resistance
SC view on foreigner’s detention defies constitutional obligations

International relations
[op-ed snap] No good options in Afghanistan
[op-ed snap] Wrong step
UNSC designates Masood Azhar as global terrorist
[op-ed snap] A global label

Polity
Contempt of Court
Supreme Court seeks ECs reply on voter prosecution
LG’s role in Puducherry
Explained: Age of consent & age gap under POCSO Act
[op-ed snap] Power shift
U.S. Commission says religious freedom in India deteriorated in 2018

Science Tech Art Culture
99942 Apophis
750th birth anniversary of Vedanta Desikan
Rare life-size stucco figurine unearthed in Telangana
ISRO plans to launch radar imaging satellite in May

Security Issues

Army invokes emergency powers for missiles deal
[pib] Exercise Varuna 19.1
Gadchiroli attacks

Trivia
M.N. Roy and his contribution for anti-colonial struggle in India

 

And these issues will be covered in detail

  • Gadchiroli attacks
  • LG’s role in Puducherry
  • Cyclone Fani- an unusual storm
  • An employment-oriented economic policy
  • Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights
  • Climate Change Impact on India and World

So to be thorough in your preparation and to have an integrated approach, join Samachar Manthan here.

 

Categories
Announcements

2014 – UPSC Prelims Previous Year Paper : Attempt Test Live + All India Rank

At Civilsdaily, we have been able to decode many of the repeating themes and trends of the actual UPSC exam. These have become best practices that we incorporate while making questions for our Test Series and Open Tests.

Despite that, we cannot stress enough on the importance of attempting the actual UPSC exam paper in exam settings. There are 3 things you will gain out of it.  

  1. Some questions get repeated directly from previous year papers. More often than not, they are not the easy ones and are almost impossible to solve if one has not attempted them before. 
  2. Practice the Tikdam Technique that our test series would have helped you develop.
  3. There are many questions from offbeat topics that are impossible for any test series to predict. The themes of these topics become important.

At least 2014-2016 papers are a must and one should remember all questions from these.

We see a change in pattern from the 2017 Prelims exam onwards. Hence, the 2017 & 2018 papers become very important.

Here we present the 2014 Prelims Paper.

*Please note – Our Test Series has far more detailed explanations and remarks. These solutions were prepared on the same day the exam happened. Hence they are not that detailed to appeal to a layman.


General Instructions

  1. Exam is of 2 hours.
  2. This test is to check your accuracy. You will be given 1 point for every correct answer.
  3. Try to get at least 60 questions right. 40 you should know. 20 you have to take a chance.
  4. Make a note of all your incorrect answers. Revise and re-revise them.

Categories
Announcements

2016 – UPSC Prelims Previous Year Paper : Attempt Test Live + All India Rank

At Civilsdaily, we have been able to decode many of the repeating themes and trends of the actual UPSC exam. These have become best practices that we incorporate while making questions for our Test Series and Open Tests.

Despite that, we cannot stress enough on the importance of attempting the actual UPSC exam paper in exam settings. There are 2 things you will gain out of it.  

  1. Some questions get repeated directly from previous year papers. More often than not, they are not the easy ones and are almost impossible to solve if one has not attempted them before. 
  2. Practice the Tikdam Technique that our test series would have helped you develop.
  3. There are many questions from offbeat topics that are impossible for any test series to predict. The themes of these topics become important.

We see a change in pattern from the 2017 Prelims exam onwards. Hence, the 2017 & 2018 papers become very important.

At least 2014-2016 papers are a must end to end. Here we present the 2016 Prelims Paper.

*Please note – Our Test Series has far more detailed explanations and remarks. These solutions were prepared on the same day the exam happened. Hence they are not that detailed to appeal to a layman.


General Instructions

  1. Exam is of 2 hours.
  2. This test is to check your accuracy. You will be given 1 point for every correct answer.
  3. Try to get at least 60 questions right. 40 you should know. 20 you have to take a chance.
  4. Make a note of all your incorrect answers. Revise and re-revise them.