Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology. (10 Marks)

Mangrove forests are deteriorating due to over-exploitation, deforestation, land reclamation and pollution. Large areas of mangroves have been cleared for fish and shrimp farming. Agricultural practices and industrial development, urbanization, over-logging in coastal areas as well as the unregulated discharge of liquid and solid wastes are the most serious threats.  Overall, the causes of deterioration … Continue reading Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology. (10 Marks)