Q.1 The reactionary policies of Lord Lytton and the liberal policies of his successor Lord Rippon acted as catalyst in the formation of the Indian National Congress. Discuss. (15 Marks)

Mentor’s Comments- Briefly state the nationalist political sentiment before the formation of Indian National Congress. Discuss the reactionary policies of Lord Lytton and its effects on Indians. Discuss the liberal policies of Lord Rippon and its effects on Indians. Conclude on the basis of above points.