Q.2 How internal democracy in political parties can influence political outcomes in a representative democracy? What are the challenges in achieving it through internal elections for leadership within the party in India. (15 Marks)

Mentor’s comment- https://www.google.com/amp/s/indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/anti-defection-law-political-party-internal-democracy-7585654/lite/ In the intro, mention role of political parties in the representative democracy. In the body, mention how internal democracy in parties can ensure equality of representation, check on nepotism, effective leadership etc. In the challenges, mention subversion of internal institutional process, vertical consolidation of factional power, independence and quality of electorate etc. … Continue reading Q.2 How internal democracy in political parties can influence political outcomes in a representative democracy? What are the challenges in achieving it through internal elections for leadership within the party in India. (15 Marks)