Q.3 What are the challenges India faces as it strives to reach the goal of net-zero emission by 2070? Suggest the strategy India should follow to maximize the developmental gains. (15 Marks)

Mentor’s comment-
  • In the intro, mention India’s announcement of adopting a net-zero emission target by 2070.
  • In the body, mention the developmental challenges as India seeks to trade the net-zero trajectory. Developmental challenges include finding employment for the youth, poverty eradication which could involve an investment-led and manufacturing-intensive growth model. India could also face the imposition of carbon border taxes by developed countries.
  • In the suggestions mention the need for a green industrialisation strategy that combines laws, policy instruments, and new or reformed implementing institutions.
  • Conclude by mentioning that the government should neither succumb to international pressure to decarbonise soon nor should it postpone its investment in decarbonisation technologies and lose its long-term competitiveness in a global low-carbon economy.
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