Q.4 Our attitudes towards life, work, other people and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the family and the social surroundings in which we grow up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes and values are often undesirable in the citizens of a modern democratic and egalitarian society. (a) Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in today’s educated Indians. (b) How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socio-ethical values considered necessary in public services be cultivated in the aspiring and serving civil servants? (10 Marks)

Mentor’s Comments- In first part, mention some undesirable values present in today’s Indians and how do they get shaped. In second part, mention role of external factors in changing such undesirable attitudes. Also mention some recommendations of 2nd ARC related to ethics in governance.