WTO and India

119 nations back move to remove barriers limiting women’s participation in trade


Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Important International institutions, agencies & fora, their structure, mandate

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Buenos Aires Declaration on Women and Trade, WTO

Mains level: Efforts across world for Women empowerment


Buenos Aires Declaration on Women and Trade

  1. Nearly three-fourths of the 164-member World Trade Organisation (WTO) have supported a declaration seeking women’s economic empowerment by expeditiously removing barriers to trade
  2. India stayed away from declaration, opposing the linking of gender and trade and said that such issues should be discussed outside WTO

What will declaration do?

  1. WTO members and observers supporting the Declaration have specifically agreed to explore and find ways to best tackle women’s general lack of access to trade financing and sub-optimal participation of women in public procurement markets
  2. Inclusion of women-led businesses, in particular, small firms in value chains has also been identified as a theme related to trade and the economic empowerment of women

Reasoning behind India’s stand

  1. Agreeing to the proposition to link gender and trade could lead to advanced countries using their high standards in gender-related policies to curb exports from the developing world
  2. This could also indirectly restrict developing countries from incentivizing their women citizens as part of measures to address developmental challenges
  3. Discussing such issues at WTO will set a precedent to bring in other non-trade issues such as labour and environment standards into the WTO’s ambit

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