Internal Security Trends and Incidents

[op-ed snap] Tackling Maoism

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Internal Security | Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much 

Mains level: Very important newscard. The article talks about steps taken by government to counter the issue of Maoism(both development and security related).


News

Seriousness at the ground level

  1. The CRPF  has lost 40 personnel in two Maoist attacks in the first half of 2017 in Sukma, the most severely Maoist-affected district of Chhattisgarh
  2. But forces spirit to fight back has not dampened

Things are changes from government’s side

  1. The government’s response has matured in terms of deliverance, from reactive it has become proactive, and from localised it has become holistic

Positive work done against Maoism by the government

  1. Many new police stations and security camps were set up to prevent any major Maoist attack
  2. The cadre strength of the Maoists has consequently reduced
  3. When the Maoists decided to create a new zone, the target districts were immediately put on alert, so as not to allow them to gain ground. Security forces were redeployed to ensure better territorial command
  4. As the Chhattisgarh police have experience in tackling Maoists in Bastar, they are now coordinating with the bordering States to strengthen intelligence and ground presence
  5. Such coordinated proactive policing will dampen the Maoists’ plans

Not merely a Law and Order problem

  1. The Maoist problem is not merely a law and order issue
  2. A permanent solution lies in eliminating the root cause of the problem that led to the alienation of tribals in this area
    Government’s focus on development
  3. The focus now is to build roads and install communication towers to increase administrative and political access of the tribals, and improve the reach of government schemes
  4. The government has enhanced the support price of minor forest produce likeimli(tamarind)
  5. More bank branches have been opened to ensure financial inclusion
  6. All India Radio stations in the three southern districts of Bastar will now broadcast regional programmes to increase entertainment options
  7. And a new rail service in Bastar is set to throw open a new market for wooden artefacts and bell metal

‘Children in Armed Conflict’: A UN report

  1. According to the report, he Maoists are providing combat training to children in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh
  2. Despite the Maoists not wanting their children to study and get government jobs, remarkable work has been done in the field of school education and skill development

Role of civil society

  1. Civil society must join hands with the government in realising the villagers’ right to development
  2. Loopholes in implementing government schemes must not be used as a tool to strengthen the hands of the Maoists

The way forward

  1. If the youth are constructively engaged by the government, the recruitment of youth by the Maoists will slowly stop
  2. The paradigm of proactive policing and holistic development should ensure more such significant results in the future
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