Wildlife Conservation Efforts

99.82% projects in forests got nod


Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: about NBWL

Mains level: Issues related to the clearances of forest lands for industrial purpose


Easy or Hasty Clearance?

  1. India’s apex National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) has cleared 682 of the 687 projects (99.82%) that came up for scrutiny.
  2. NBWL is the agency charged with allowing forest land in Protected Areas to be diverted for industry
  3. Only five projects were rejected since August 2014.

About National Board for Wildlife (NBWL)

  1. The NBWL is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  2. Theoretically, the board is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country.
  3. However, it is a very important body because it serves as apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.

Functions of NBWL

  1. Primary function of the Board is to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
  2. It has power to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
  3. No alternation of boundaries in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries can be done without approval of the NBWL.


  1. The NBWL, formally headed by the Prime Minister, adjudicates on industrial projects, road diversions or the like that could encroach into Protected Areas or eco-sensitive zones of forests.
  2. The environment ministry has delegated all powers of the NBWL to a compliant Standing Committee which regularly meets and clears projects in Protected Areas with due diligence.
  3. A smaller Standing Committee of the NBWL is charged with deliberating on the merits of projects that come to it for scrutiny.
  4. The committee comprises scientists and government officials and is chaired by Union Environment Minister.
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments