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- What was? The Collegium system is one where the Chief Justice of India and a forum of 4 senior-most judges of the SC recommend appointments and transfers of judges.
- The system was evolved through Supreme Court judgments in the Three Judges Cases. However, it has no place in the Indian Constitution.
- The 99th amendment to the Constitution introduces NJAC, replacing the Collegium system.
- Under Article 124A, the NJAC has 6 members – the CJI, 2 senior-most judges. The remaining 3 are the Union Law Minister and two “eminent persons”.
- They are to be appointed by the PM, the Leader of the Opposition and the CJI.