Judicial Appointments Conundrum Pre-NJAC Verdict

99th Amendment Act 2014 replaces Collegium System with NJAC (1/2)

  1. What was? The Collegium system is one where the Chief Justice of India and a forum of 4 senior-most judges of the SC recommend appointments and transfers of judges.
  2. The system was evolved through Supreme Court judgments in the Three Judges Cases. However, it has no place in the Indian Constitution.
  3. The 99th amendment to the Constitution introduces NJAC, replacing the Collegium system.
  4. Under Article 124A, the NJAC has 6 members – the CJI, 2 senior-most judges. The remaining 3 are the Union Law Minister and two “eminent persons”.
  5. They are to be appointed by the PM, the Leader of the Opposition and the CJI.
  1. What was? The Collegium system is one where the Chief Justice of India and a forum of 4 senior-most judges of the SC recommend appointments and transfers of judges.
  2. The system was evolved through Supreme Court judgments in the Three Judges Cases. However, it has no place in the Indian Constitution.
  3. The 99th amendment to the Constitution introduces NJAC, replacing the Collegium system.
  4. Under Article 124A, the NJAC has 6 members – the CJI, 2 senior-most judges. The remaining 3 are the Union Law Minister and two “eminent persons”.
  5. They are to be appointed by the PM, the Leader of the Opposition and the CJI.