Tuberculosis Elimination Strategy

A quarter of TB patients are resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs, says survey


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Prelims level: Nikshay Aushadi Portal, Global TB Report 2017, etc.

Mains level: Findings of the national anti TB drug resistant survey report


The national anti TB drug resistant survey report 

  1. The survey was done between 2014 and 2016 by ministry of health and family welfare
  2. According to the report, more than a quarter of Tuberculosis (TB) patients in India have drug resistance to one or the other anti-TB drug
  3. The health ministry has claimed that this is the largest ever national drug resistance survey conducted by any country in the world
  4. And the first ever survey having Drug Susceptibility Testing (DST) for 13 anti-TB drugs using the automated liquid culture system, mycobacteria (causing TB) growth indicator tube (MGIT) 960®

Other findings of the report

  1. The results of the survey released on the World TB day showed that MDR-TB is 6.19% among all TB patients with 2.84% among new and 11.60% among previously treated TB patients
  2. Around 54% patients resistant to these drugs do not successfully complete treatment and death rates stand at 20%

The Nikshay Aushadi Portal 

  1. The Union health ministry has recently launched the Nikshay Aushadi Portal and shorter regimen for Drug Resistant TB

The Global TB Report 2017

  1. It was published by World Health Organization (WHO)
  2. It estimates that India contributes 27% (2.79 million) and 25% (147 000) of the global burden of TB and MDR-TB, respectively
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