Communicable and Non-communicable diseases – HIV, Malaria, Cancer, Mental Health, etc.

Accelerate efforts to end rabies: WHO to India, South East Asian countries

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Important International institutions, agencies & fora, their structure, mandate

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: World Health Organization, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), UNICEF, Zero by 30 plan, GAVI- the Vaccine Alliance

Mains level: Various non-communicable diseases and their elimination targets


Efforts needed to end Rabies

  1. The World Health Organization has asked India and other South East Asian countries to accelerate efforts to end rabies
  2. The WHO said that rabies causes 59,000 agonizing and painful deaths globally every year, translating to one person every nine minutes, mostly children and the poor

Causes and elimination

  1. Human rabies is caused mostly by dogs
  2. It can be eliminated by
  • increasing awareness about the disease
  • vaccinating dogs
  • making the already available life-saving rabies vaccines, medicines, tools, and technologies affordable and available to all

Fast-track elimination of dog-transmitted rabies by 2030

  1. The global rabies partners comprising the WHO, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and UNICEF and rabies endemic countries from Asia-Pacific and Africa, shared and deliberated on measures to fast-track elimination of dog transmitted rabies by 2030
  2. The member countries shared initiatives being rolled out as part of the new ‘Zero by 30: The Strategic Plan’, to be launched by the WHO and its partners to end dog-transmitted rabies
  3. These studies were conducted with the WHO support to enable GAVI- the Vaccine Alliance take an informed decision to support rabies vaccines

About Zero by 30 plan

  1. The plan centers on ‘One Health’ approach and addresses the disease in a holistic and cross-sectoral manner
  2. It aims at preventing and responding to dog-transmitted rabies by improving awareness and education, reducing human rabies risk through expanded dog vaccinations, and improving access to healthcare, medicines, and vaccines for populations at risk
  3. The plan calls for generating and measuring impact by implementing proven effective guidelines for rabies control and encouraging the use of innovative surveillance technologies to monitor progress towards “Zero by 30”

Back2Basics

GAVI- the Vaccine Alliance

  1. Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization is a public-private global health partnership committed to increasing access to immunization in poor countries
  2. It is a global Vaccine Alliance with the goal of creating equal access to new and underused vaccines for children living in the world’s poorest countries
  3. Gavi brings together developing countries and donor governments, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank, the vaccine industry in both industrialized and developing countries, research and technical agencies, civil society, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and other private philanthropists
  4. Gavi was launched in 2000
  5. It is based in Geneva, Switzerland
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