From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Article 331 of the Constitution
Mains level : Anglo-Indian MPs and thier powers and priviledges
- The reservation for SC/ST communities and the Anglo-Indian community was to expire in January 2020.
- But the new Bill will extend the reservation for SC and ST communities by 10 years, till January 25, 2030.
- It did away with the reservation for Anglo-Indians in legislative bodies.
Representations of Anglo-Indians
- To ensure representation of the communities in elected legislative bodies, similar to reservation for SCs and STs, Anglo-Indians were provided two nominated seats in the Lok Sabha and nominated seats in certain state Assemblies.
- Article 331 of the Constitution provides for the representation of the Anglo Indian,
- If President is of opinion that the Anglo Indian community is not adequately represented in the House of the people, he/she may nominate not more than two members of that community.
- For the state Assemblies, Article 333 provided for the Governor to nominate the members.
- Article 334(b) extended it for 40 years. Subsequent amendments ensured the reservation was extended till January 2020.
- In 2009, the 95th Amendment extended it till 2020. But, according to the new Bill, it will cease to exist in January.
How are the different from elected one?
- The nominated Anglo-Indian members of the legislative bodies enjoy voting privileges similar to other members.
- It has exceptions when it comes to the election for President, as only elected members of both houses of Parliament, state Assemblies and Legislative Councils are allowed to vote as the electoral college.