Mains Paper 2: Governance | Mechanisms, laws, institutions & Bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of the vulnerable sections
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, Various Permissions
Mains level: Protection of Animals rights
Concern on use of animal s for entertainment purposes
- Union WCD Minister has concerned the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) for being lax in enforcement of rules that specify how wild animals can be depicted in films and television programmes.
- The Minister listed “blatant errors” by the AWBI subcommittee that screens applications from film-makers.
Preventing Cruelty to Animals
- It was alleged that the committee did not seek details of the species being used, which were required to determine whether they were protected.
- It had even allowed their depiction in scenes that could promote cruelty to animals.
- The letter cites an instance of approval given for a scene showing animal sacrifice, which is against the Supreme Court’s orders.
Depiction of Animals
- While tigers, monkeys, lions, bears, panthers (including leopards) are banned from being exhibited under Section 22 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, the government body has allowed their use on several occasions.
- All Indian snakes and birds except the crow are protected under the Wildlife Protection Act and any certification for performance or exhibition is only possible after permission from the Chief Wildlife Warden of the relevant State.
Animal Welfare Board of India
- The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), headquartered at Ballabhgarh in Haryana state, is a statutory advisory body advising the Government of India’s Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- It was previously based at Chennai
- It was established in 1962 under Section 4 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960.
- Well-known humanitarian Rukmini Devi Arundale was instrumental in setting up the board and was its first chair.