From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : NCRB
Mains level : Key highlights of the report
- After a delay of two years the annual Crime in India Report 2017 was published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).
Highlights of the report
Crime against women
- As per the report, 359849 cases of crime against women were reported in the country.
- Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 56,011 cases followed by Maharashtra with 31,979 cases and West Bengal 30,002.
- Majority of cases under crimes against women were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives’ (27.9%) followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (21.7%), ‘Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (20.5%) and ‘Rape’ (7.0%),” the report said.
- As per the report, 58,880 incidents of rioting were reported, of which the maximum incidents were reported from Bihar – 11,698, followed by Uttar Pradesh – 8,990 and Maharashtra – 7,743.
- Of the total riots reported, communal and sectarian riots accounted for 723 and 183 incidents respectively.
- There were 805 riots due to caste conflict and 1909 riots occurred due to political reasons, the report said.
- The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste Prevention of Atrocities Act saw an increase from 5,082 incidents reported in 2016 to 5,775 in 2017.
- Incidents of crime related to Scheduled Tribes dipped from 844 in 2016 to 720 in 2017.
Crime against Children
- A total of 95,893 cases of kidnapping and abduction were registered during 2017, showing an increase of 9.0% over 2016 (88,008 cases).
- A total of 63,349 children (20,555 male, 42,691 female and 103 transgender) were reported missing in 2017.
- During the year 2017, a total of 70,440 children were recovered/traced,” the report said.
- The NCRB for the first time collected data on circulation of “false/fake news and rumours.”
- Under the category, maximum incidents were reported from Madhya Pradesh (138), Uttar Pradesh (32) and Kerala (18).
- A new category of offences committed by various categories of “Anti-National Elements” was included.
- It showed that the maximum offences were committed by Left Wing Extremist (LWE) operatives (652), followed by North East insurgents (421) and Terrorists (Jihadi and other elements) (371).
- The maximum number of killings was carried out by LWE insurgents (82).
- As many as 72 of these killings took place in Chhattisgarh. This was followed by killings by terrorists (36) — 34 in J&K alone. North East insurgents killed 10 people.
No data on lynching
- The data collected under the new sub-heads of death due to mob lynching, murder by influential people, killing ordered by khap panchayat and murder committed for religious reason have not been published.
- This data was ready and fully compiled and analysed.
- The decision to collect data on lynchings had been taken in the wake of a spate of lynching incidents across the country through 2015-16.
- The idea was that such data collection would help the government formulate its policies better in tackling these crimes.
- Lynchings happen for a variety of reasons which include suspicion of theft, child lifting, cattle smuggling or communal reasons.
National Crime Records Bureau
- The NCRB is an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL).
- NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
- It was set up based on the recommendation of the Task force,1985 and National Police Commission,1977.