Another olive ridley nesting site soon

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the Olive Ridley species

Mains level: Conservations measures


News

  • The Odisha forest department is all set to add another olive ridley mass nesting site to its wildlife.

New Mass Nesting Site

  1. Odisha forest department has started preparing the beach at the Bahuda river mouth in Ganjam district to lure the endangered turtles to come over for mass nesting next year.
  2. Around 3-km stretch of the beach from Sunapur to Anantpur at Bahuda rookery is being developed as a possible olive ridley mass nesting site.
  3. The Bahuda rookery is located around 20 km to the south of Rushikulya rookery coast, a major mass nesting site of olive ridleys on the Indian coastline.

Encouraging signs

  1. This year, a few hundred olive ridleys had nested at Bahuda river mouth in February.
  2. This encouraged the forest department to develop it as a second mass nesting site for the turtles on the Ganjam coast.
  3. It is being hoped that the turtles will find the beach conducive and their mass nesting number at Bahuda will increase in 2019.

Back2basics

Oliver Ridleys 

  1. The olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, is a medium-sized species of sea turtle found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans
  2. They can also be found in warm waters of Atlantic ocean.
  3. Olive ridley turtles are best known for their behavior of synchronized nesting in mass numbers, termed arribadas.
  4. Interestingly, females return to the very same beach from where they first hatched, to lay their eggs.
  5. They lay their eggs in conical nests about one and a half feet deep which they laboriously dig with their hind flippers.
  6. In the Indian Ocean, the majority of olive ridleys nest in two or three large groups near Gahirmatha in Odisha.
  7. The coast of Odisha in India is the largest mass nesting site for the olive ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica.
  8. In 1991, over 600,000 turtles nested along the coast of Odisha in one week. Nesting occurs elsewhere along the Coromandel Coast and Sri Lanka, but in scattered locations.
  9. However, olive ridleys are considered a rarity in most areas of the Indian Ocean.
Wildlife Conservation Efforts
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