Mains Paper 2: Governance | Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of the vulnerable sections.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Read the attached story
Mains level: Anti-lynching law –need, challenges
- A panel headed by Union Home Secretary deliberated on measures to check incidents of lynching, submitted its report.
- From May-June, more than 20 people were lynched based on fake posts or rumors floating on various social media platforms.
- The panel have come to the conclusion that social media platforms needed to act in a time bound manner.
Action for non-compliance
- Most social media platforms like Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube and Twitter would be made accountable for not blocking such malicious posts/videos when brought to their notice.
- FIR could be lodged against their country heads” for non-compliance of government orders and they could be prosecuted under law.
Talks with stakeholders
- Govt have stepped up engagement with social media platforms.
- There is a provision in law which enables government to issue orders to remove objectionable content, block websites etc.
- Law enforcement agencies are to step up the act and monitor more proactively.
- The social media platforms were given a report showing their compliance with the various government orders.
- The Ministry has created a portal where people can report such videos and content and that can be forwarded by the NCRB (the nodal body) to States concerned for appropriate action.
- Earlier the Home Ministry issued advisories to States and Union Territories following Supreme Court’s directives to check incidents of lynching.
- The Centre asked states to appoint an officer in each district at the level of Superintendent of Police, set up a special task force to gather intelligence, and closely monitor social media contents to prevent mob attacks on suspicion of being child-lifters or cattle smugglers.