From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Colistin
Mains level : AMR and its hazards in India
- The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued an order prohibiting the manufacture, sale and distribution of colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements.
What is Colistin?
- According to the WHO, Colistin is a “reserve” antibiotic, which means it is supposed to be considered a “last-resort” option in treatment and used only in the most severe circumstances, when all other alternatives have failed.
- However, this strong antibiotic has been “highly misused” in India’s livestock industry to prevent diseases and as promote growth of such animals.
- Medical professionals have been alarmed by the number of patients who have exhibited resistance to the drug.
- Most are not aware of the presence of colistin, since it comes mixed in the feed. A bulk of colistin (nearly 95%) is imported from China.
Alarm for India
- A 2017 global study on antibiotic use in farm animals projected the consumption of antibiotics through animal sources to nearly double during 2013-2030.
- This means India’s AMR problem is expected to worsen due to the consumption of antibiotics through animal sources.
- The study ranked India the fourth largest consumer of antibiotics in food animals globally after China, the United States and Brazil.