Defence Sector – DPP, Missions, Schemes, Security Forces, etc.

Army to buy air defence system


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: VSHORAD

Mains level: Particulars of the contract.


Decision on very short-range air defence system(VSHORAD)

  1. After several retrials and delays, the Army is set to begin contract negotiations in the multi-billion dollar deal for the very short-range air defence system or VSHORAD
  2. The bids will be opened shortly to select the lowest bidder so as to begin cost negotiations
  3. Before the bids are opened, a benchmark price will be set based on various factors, and the bids will be checked with it

Particulars of the contract

  1. The request for proposal was first issued in 2010 for over 5,000 missiles, 258 single launchers and 258 multi-launchers, estimated to cost Rs. 6,400 crore
  2. Since then, there have been trials and retrials because of the deviations in the products
  3. The request for information was issued in 2010
  4. The trials started in 2012
  5. Of the five who responded, MBDA of France; Rosoboronexport of Russia; and SAAB of Sweden made it

Expectations of the army

  1. The air defence system should have a maximum range of 6 km and an altitude of 3 km, besides all-weather capability
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