Mains Paper 1: Arts and Culture| Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Hornbill Festival, Great Indian Hornbill
Mains level: India’s rich cultural treasure and ways to preserve it
- The government of Arunachal Pradesh has declared the Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF)–the state’s only conservation festival, as a “state festival”.
Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF)
- The first-ever PPHF was held on January 16–18, 2015.
- The organizers had a number of objectives in mind-
- to recognise the role played by the resident Nyishi tribe in conserving hornbills in the Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR),
- to devise alternative sources of income for a region that relies on hunting and logging, and
- to tell the rest of the country about the wonders of the PTR and its surrounding areas.
- As part of the festival, visitors are treated to cultural programmes, food stalls, plays, sightseeing, river and village walks, bird-watching, screenings of short films as well as local tribal sports and dances.
About Great Indian Hornbill
- The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.
- The great hornbill is long-lived, living for nearly 50 years in captivity.
- It is predominantly fruit eating, but is an opportunist and preys on small mammals, reptiles and birds.
- Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals.
- IUCN status: Vulnerable (uplisted from Near Threatened in 2018).
- It is also listed in Appendix I of CITES.