Mains Paper2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Mains level: Australia has legalized voluntary euthanasia 20 years after it repealed its mercy killing law. Euthanasia has been in news for quite some time now and it becomes important for mains.
- An Australian state parliament has legalised voluntary euthanasia 20 years after the country repealed the world’s first mercy-killing law for the terminally ill.
- The final vote in the Victorian parliament on Wednesday means that doctor-assisted suicide will be allowed in Australia’s second-most populous state from mid-2019.
First Jurisdiction in the world to legalise doctor-assisted suicide
- Australia’s sparsely populated Northern Territory in 1995 became the first jurisdiction in the world to legalise doctor-assisted suicide for terminally ill patients.
- But the Australian Parliament overturned that law in 1997 after four people had been helped to die.
- Generally, the word euthanasia is defined as the, act or practice of painlessly putting to death or withdrawing treatment from a person suffering an incurable disease.
- Euthanasia is intentionally killing another person to relieve his or her suffering.
- There are 2 types of euthanasia: Passive euthanasia and Active euthanasia.
- Active euthanasia is defined as taking an immediate action such as using lethal injection to painlessly put a terminally-ill patient to death.
- Passive euthanasia is withdrawing treatment while the life of the patient is still dependent on it and when it is believed that treatment is more burdensome than beneficial.
- Passive euthanasia allows the patient to die naturally and is often considered more acceptable.