Avartansheel Kheti: A periodic proportionate farming method


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Avartansheel Kheti

Mains level : Sustainable agricultural practices in India

Avartansheel Kheti an organic method of growing food is gaining wide popularity across the country.

Avartansheel Kheti

  • Avartansheel Kheti is based on the philosophy of A Nagraj, who was a proponent of harmonious co-existence.
  • It can be translated as ‘periodic proportionate farming.’
  • It insists that farmers should produce food for themselves first and what remains after consumption should be sold in the market.
  • This way, the farmer will never put harmful pesticides and fertilizers if they are growing for themselves.
  • It involves dividing the land into zones, for cereal crops, vegetables, fruiting trees and animal husbandry.

Actual technique

This technique requires a farmer to divide his land into three parts.

Part I

  • This part of the farm is required to grow trees, timber, and fruits. The cost of labor required to maintain this part of the land is low.
  • The diversity of the crops helps to maintain ecological balance.
  • This part of the land also gives the farmer dried leaves which can be later used for creating compost to increase the soil fertility.

Part II

  • This area in the farm can be used to rear livestock.
  • Milk by the cattle can be used by the family and the excess can be used to make products like cottage cheese for higher profits.
  • Also, animal dung can be used as manure which reduces the farm’s dependence on external chemicals.

Part II

  • This land is made use of to grow crops for the household.
  • Staples like wheat, rice along with pulses, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and spices are grown.
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