From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Avartansheel Kheti
Mains level : Sustainable agricultural practices in India
Avartansheel Kheti an organic method of growing food is gaining wide popularity across the country.
- Avartansheel Kheti is based on the philosophy of A Nagraj, who was a proponent of harmonious co-existence.
- It can be translated as ‘periodic proportionate farming.’
- It insists that farmers should produce food for themselves first and what remains after consumption should be sold in the market.
- This way, the farmer will never put harmful pesticides and fertilizers if they are growing for themselves.
- It involves dividing the land into zones, for cereal crops, vegetables, fruiting trees and animal husbandry.
This technique requires a farmer to divide his land into three parts.
- This part of the farm is required to grow trees, timber, and fruits. The cost of labor required to maintain this part of the land is low.
- The diversity of the crops helps to maintain ecological balance.
- This part of the land also gives the farmer dried leaves which can be later used for creating compost to increase the soil fertility.
- This area in the farm can be used to rear livestock.
- Milk by the cattle can be used by the family and the excess can be used to make products like cottage cheese for higher profits.
- Also, animal dung can be used as manure which reduces the farm’s dependence on external chemicals.
- This land is made use of to grow crops for the household.
- Staples like wheat, rice along with pulses, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and spices are grown.