NPA Crisis

Bad loans of private banks also spurt, keep pace with PSU counterparts


Note4Students

 Mains Paper 3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth.

Prelims: RBI, NPAs.

Mains level: The news card talks about the rising NPAs in private banks and also about several instances of under-reporting, divergence of actual bad loans by private banks.


Context

Rise of NPAs in private banks

  1. Private banks have reported a massive rise in bad loans in the last five years, in a sign that they are not far behind their public sector counterparts when it comes to stressed assets in the banking system.
  2. The rise in NPAs of private banks is as steep as their PSU counterparts.
  3. Private banks also have exposure in many of the highly leveraged and stressed corporates, especially steel, infra and telecom.

The Statistics

  1. Gross non-performing assets of private banks soared to Rs 100,481 crore at the end of September 2017 against Rs 22,020 crore in September 2013, a rise of 356 per cent.
  2. During the 12 month ended September 2017, 12 private banks have added another Rs 30,000 crore to the NPA list.
  3. State owned banks also showed a similar trend.
  4. Gross NPA ratio of 12 private banks, when combined, have increased from 3.5 per cent of total advances in September 2016 to 4.3 per cent in September 2017.
  5. The spurt in NPAs happened in the last two years.
  6. There’s a belief that only PSU banks were reporting huge NPAs. It’s not true. The stress in the banking sector is across the board.
  7. The banks were supposed to clean up their balance sheets by March 2017.
  8. According to Care Ratings, private banks set aside around Rs 33,000 crore towards provisions and contingencies in the last five years.
  9. However, the divergence, of NPAs announced by private banks has raised concerns about the classification of loans.

Under-reporting of NPAs by private banks

  1. This is at a time when the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) unearthed several instances of under-reporting, or divergence, of actual bad loans by private banks.
  2. For Example- Yes Bank reported NPAs of Rs 2,018.6 crore, bad loans as assessed by the RBI were Rs 8,373.8 crore, showing a divergence of Rs 6,355 crore for the fiscal 2017.
  3. The RBI’s assessment of NPAs is yet to come to us. It will be disclosed in the next quarter.
  4. For FY 2016, three private banks had reported divergences worth Rs 18,760 crore.
  5. If the RBI detects more under-reporting of NPAs in fiscal 2018, private banks’ contribution will increase further.
  6. Concerned over the impact of hidden real NPAs on share valuations, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) had recently asked listed banks to make disclosures if the provisioning and NPAs assessed by the RBI had exceeded 15 per cent of their published financials.
  7. Market valuations of banks which showed divergence had taken a hit.
  8. The Sebi directive came after the RBI issued a circular asking banks to disclose divergence in the asset classification and provisioning.

The RBI’s Financial Stability Report says that a severe credit shock is likely to impact capital adequacy and profitability of a significant number of banks.

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