Mains Paper 3 : Major Crops & Cropping Patterns |
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Bamboo Rice and its unique features
Mains level : Various forest produce and their importance
- Odisha is among the states known for a wide variety of rice, the staple food of eastern and north-eastern India and beyond.
- Bamboo rice is special rice that is grown out of a dying bamboo shoot.
- When the bamboo shoot breathes its last, it flowers into a rare variety of rice seeds, which are known as bamboo rice.
- It is said that the bamboo rice harvesting is a major source of income for the tribal communities living in the interiors of Wayanad Sanctuary in Kerala.
- The gates of Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary in Cuttack district Odisha have been recently opened for forest dwellers to come and collect the rice.
What’s so special about it?
- The bamboo rice, which grows only twice or thrice in a century. And it is being harvested now.
- The last collected bamboo rice in Odisha was in 1979.
- Whenever bamboo blossoms, the rat population increases. To prevent rats from running the rice, local villagers and forest dwellers collect bamboo rice.
- Also, the rice then becomes a major source of income and food for villagers living near the forest.
- The variety looks like paddy rice and tastes more like wheat.
- It is believed to have low glycaemic index compared to other varieties and it is good for diabetics.
- It’s rich in proteins and does not contain any fat.