Make in India: Challenges & Prospects

BARC develops cheaper, lightweight bulletproof jackets


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Material used in the bullet proof jacket

Mains level: A great example of the ‘Make in India’ initiative in defence sector.


A next generation bullet proof jacket

  1. The Bhabha Atomic Reseach Centre (BARC) has developed a next-generation bulletproof jacket for the Indian armed forces
  2. It is not only cheaper but also much lighter
  3. Name of the jacket: Bhabha Kavach
  4. It is named after nuclear physicist Dr. Homi J. Bhabha
  5. The jacket was developed at BARC’s Trombay centre in response to a request from the CRPF and the Ministry of Home Affairs
  6. A five-member BARC team has worked for a year in 2015-16 to develop the jacket
  7. While the cost of a Bhabha Kavach is Rs. 70,000, jackets of similar strength are available in the range of Rs. 1.5 lakh and have to be imported

Testing is going on

  1. It is being tested by a joint team of the CRPF, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, and the Central Industrial Security Force
  2. The northern command of the Indian Army is also testing a variant of the jacket in Jammu and Kashmir

Material used

  1. The jacket is made using extremely hard boron carbide ceramics that is hot-pressed with carbon nano-tubes and composite polymer
  2. The superior performance of the light weight jacket derives from advanced ceramics and advanced nano-composite tubes indigenously developed at BARC
  3. BARC has been using boron carbide in the control rods of its nuclear reactors

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