Bill on transgender rights sent to Cabinet



Mains Paper 2: Governance | Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: The Transgender Bill

Mains level: Changes made in the amendments.


The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 

  1. The Social Justice ministry has sent a Bill on transgender rights to the Cabinet after finalising nine amendments,
  2. including those in the definition of the term ‘transgender’, keeping with the recommendations of a parliamentary panel

Changes made through the amendments

  1. The earlier definition of a transgender was “neither wholly male nor female, a combination of female or male, or neither female nor male and whose sense of gender does not match with the gender assigned to that person at the time of birth”
  2. Now it has been removed, as per the advice of the standing committee
  3. It also includes person with intersex variations, gender-queer and person having such socio-cultural identities such as ‘kinnar’, ‘hijra’, ‘aravani’ and ‘jogta’
  4. The ministry has also done away with the provision of recommendation required from district screening committees for issuing a certificate, if a transgender undergoes a surgery to change his or her gender
  5. The ministry did not make any changes on the recommendation that transgenders be exempted from Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)which criminalises homosexuality


Transgender Bill: Key Issues and Analysis

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