Mains Paper 2: Governance | Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: The Transgender Bill
Mains level: Changes made in the amendments.
The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill
- The Social Justice ministry has sent a Bill on transgender rights to the Cabinet after finalising nine amendments,
- including those in the definition of the term ‘transgender’, keeping with the recommendations of a parliamentary panel
Changes made through the amendments
- The earlier definition of a transgender was “neither wholly male nor female, a combination of female or male, or neither female nor male and whose sense of gender does not match with the gender assigned to that person at the time of birth”
- Now it has been removed, as per the advice of the standing committee
- It also includes person with intersex variations, gender-queer and person having such socio-cultural identities such as ‘kinnar’, ‘hijra’, ‘aravani’ and ‘jogta’
- The ministry has also done away with the provision of recommendation required from district screening committees for issuing a certificate, if a transgender undergoes a surgery to change his or her gender
- The ministry did not make any changes on the recommendation that transgenders be exempted from Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)which criminalises homosexuality