Mains Paper 2: Governance | Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these scheme
From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the Bill
Mains level: Preventing marriage as a tool for exploitation
- In a bid to counter growing incidents of exploitation of Indian women by NRI (Non Resident Indian) spouses, External Affairs Ministry has introduced a Bill in the Rajya Sabha.
Registration of Marriage of Non-Resident Indian Bill, 2019
- According to the new Bill, a marriage between an NRI and an Indian citizen will have to be registered within 30 days from the date of marriage.
- Necessary legal provisions have been created in the criminal code and the Passports Act, 1967, to initiate action against erring NRI spouses.
- If an NRI man fails to register his marriage within 30 days of date of marriage, his passport can be impounded or revoked.
- Also, it allows courts to attach properties, movable and immovable, of “proclaimed offenders” or people who fail to appear before courts despite warrants being issued against them.
- The bill empowers passport authorities to impound or revoke passport or travel documents of NRIs who fail to register their marriage within 30 days of getting married.
- The proposed law will be applicable to NRIs marrying Indian women within or even outside India, the bill states.
- The Bill aims to prevent victimisation of Indian nationals in fraudulent marriages.
- The Bill will create accountability and protect those who are trapped in fraudulent marriages and are abandoned by their spouses.
- It is expected that the Bill will serve as a deterrent for NRI spouses, who use marriages as a tool of exploitation.
- The introduction of the Bill was necessitated by the Ministry due to numerous complaints received from Indian nationals mostly women deserted or harassed by their Non-Resident Indian Spouses.
- The Bill proposes to offer greater protection to Indian women married to NRIs and serve as a deterrent to NRIs against harassment of their spouses.
- This would provide much needed relief to all Indian women married to NRIs worldwide.