Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: COP-23, IPCC, Global Alliance To Power Past Coal
Mains level: Phasing out use of coal (Asked in Mains 2017)
The New Initiative- The Global Alliance To Power Past Coal
- A new initiative, led by the United Kingdom and Canada, to phase-out the use of coal for electricity generation was launched at the COP-23 at Bonn
- It seeks to bring together countries, regions, and cities to commit themselves to phase-out of coal within their jurisdictions within their chosen timelines
- A declaration by the newly-launched alliance said that coal phase-out needed to be carried out no later than by 2030 in the OECD and EU countries
- And no later than by 2050 in the rest of the world to meet the temperature goals set in the Paris Agreement.
- According to the declaration phasing out traditional coal power is one of the most important steps to tackle climate change and meet commitment to keep global temperature increase well below 2 degree Celsius (compared to pre-industrial times), and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degree Celsius
- Eighteen countries and a few states from the United States and Canada joined the alliance at the time of its launch
- The alliance says it hopes to have at least 50 partners by next year’s climate change conference.
- The global alliance launched is a fantastic example of the leadership needed to win the race against climate change
Financing of the IPCC
- The French President promised to compensate for the loss of American funding to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which carries out periodic assessments of climate change science and whose recommendations provide the scientific foundation to the international climate negotiations
- An important agreement on ‘pre-2020 actions’ was announced.
- And also four European countries agreed to ratify the Doha amendments to the Kyoto Protocol.
- A new ‘border tax’ to protect the economy of Europe from imports from countries that do not respect these (climate) goals and are not supporting the environmental transition was also proposed by French President.
- Countries agreed to organise a series of workshops to explore ways to climate-proof agriculture