From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Benefits of breast milk
Mains level : Read the attached story
- A breast milk bank proposed by the Neonatology Forum (NNF), Kerala, is expected to provide solutions to all such babies who required intensive care at birth or are not able to be breastfed immediately for various other reasons.
- There are many mothers who are not able to produce breast milk for various medical reasons.
About the milk bank
- Any lactating mother can donate to the bank.
- The milk stored in the bank will be pasteurised and would follow the international guidelines for safety.
- Such milk becomes a blessing for working mothers who require joining work soon after their maternity leave.
- Breast Milk Bank provides a cheaper option for the needy.
- India faces the challenge of having the highest number of low birth weight babies with 20% mortality and morbidity in various hospitals.
- Death of preterm babies is among three major causes of neonatal deaths. In all the neonatal intensive care units, about one-third of the babies would be preterm.
- Feeding these babies with breast milk can significantly bring down the risk of infections.
- These milk banks help the baby not just with the feed, but gives protection from many infections because of its inherent property to provide immunity to the infant.
On WHO guidelines
- The World Health Organisation has said that breast milk is “tailor made” for human infants.
- If for some reason, mother is not able to feed the infant, her milk should be expressed and fed, according to WHO.
- The Neonatology Forum had been following this diktat and insists that the newborns are aggressively breastfed in the first hour.